alvindavis99

CIP School in the Phils.

GRAMMAR!!!! ADVERBS,HOW TO USE OR ABUSE THEM

on July 28, 2012

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Frequency adverbs

Other adverbs

 Often

Always

Never

Sometimes

Almost

Mainly

Usually

Hardly ever

Rarely / seldom

 

 Also

Just

Only

Even                           

Nearly

Hardly

Really

Probably

Certainly

Soon

Last

Still

 

 

Note

 

All / both /each follow the same rules

 

Learn how to use still and yet

 

Still is for the past 

Yet is for the future

 Still = encore / toujours

 

Vincent is still asleep

 

Do you still live in Paris?

 

Stillnot = toujours pas

 

Mary still doesn’t know.

 

 In a question yet is generally translated by  ‘ déjà’

 

Have you had lunch yet?

 

Note that yet is placed at the end of the sentence .

 

Notyet = pas encore

 

No it is not time yet

 

 

 

 

When the verb is a single word, the adverb is before it.

 

She often writes lessons

 

She probably wanted some information.

                                                                                                                                      

 

Always learn your lessons before doing your exercises

 

 

Exception

The adverb is placed after: am – are- is- was- were.

 

I am always happy

 

 

When the verb is formed with two words or more,

the adverb  is usually placed after the first auxiliary like in French.

 

 

The students have certainly been warned.

 

Vincent and Sebastian are probably going to this pub.

 

 

In the interrogative form the adverb is placed after the subject.

 

 

Do you often go to England?

 

 

In the negative form, the place of the adverb changes according to the meaning:

Probably and certainly are always placed before the auxiliary + n’t.

 

                            He doesn’t often work           => he probably doesn’t work.

 

 

Note

 

Remember the words order with not even

 

Joan has not even confessed her error.

 

 

Particular cases

 The adverb may be placed before the auxiliary

to expand the idea expressed in the sentence.

 

                     I’m really working hard.             => I really am working hard.

 

 

The place of adverbs : perhaps and maybe

 

Perhaps and maybe are usually placed at the beginning of a sentence.

Maybe is above all used in a familiar style.

 

Perhaps her train is late

 

Maybe Lucile is wrong.

 

   The place of adverbs: very – much – well – a lot – at all-

 

We have just learnt that in English the verb is generally never split up from its direct object complement, that the adverb must be placed before or after the  verb. But some adverbs in the following chapter have precise rules:

(Very) well– a lot – and generally – at all – are placed after the direct object complement. That is also the case for – very much

 

Laurent speaks English very well, but he doesn’t know England at all.

 

She criticises her husband a lot and she likes shouting against him very much.

 

 

Note

 

Very much/may also be placed before the verb

 

I very much like anglaisfacile

 

It is compulsory when the complement is very long:

 

I very much like sleeping out on a warm summer night.

 

   The place of adverbs and complements at the end of a sentence.

 

The adverbs  or complements  which are at the end of a sentence

say most of the time how, where, when something happened.

The words order should be:

‘how,‘   where when

 

 

Bridget sang very well at the club last night.

 

I’ll go to the hospital tomorrow.

 

I must be in the operating theatre at seven.

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