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IF you want to know about America!!!! whatch and read this!!!!!

 Coal Miner’s Daughter is a movie of how many american was

Living in those time and even today!!!

 

 

Loretta Lynn

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Loretta Lynn
Loretta Lynn.jpg

Loretta Lynn, 2005.
Background information
Birth name Loretta Webb
Also known as The Coal Miner’s Daughter
The First Lady of Country Music
The Decca Doll
The Queen of Country Music
Born (1932-04-14) April 14, 1932 (age 82)
Butcher Hollow, Van Lear, Johnson County, Kentucky, US
Genres Country, honky-tonk, gospel
Occupations Singer-songwriter, author
Instruments Vocals, guitar
Years active 1960–present
Labels Zero, Decca/MCA, Columbia, Audium, Interscope
Associated acts Conway Twitty, Ernest Tubb, Kitty Wells, Wilburn Brothers, Patsy Cline, George Jones, Dolly Parton, Tammy Wynette, Jack White, Billy Ray Cyrus, Crystal Gayle, Peggy Sue, The Lynns, Tayla Lynn, Sheryl Crow, Miranda Lambert, Bret Michaels, Willie Nelson
Website www.lorettalynn.com

Loretta Lynn (née Webb; born April 14, 1932) is a multiple gold album American country music singer-songwriter whose work spans more than 50 years. She has received numerous awards and other accolades for her groundbreaking role in country music.

Early years[edit]

Lynn is the daughter of coal miner Theodore Melvin “Ted” Webb (born October 24, 1906 – died February 23, 1959) and Clara Marie “Clary” Ramey (born May 5, 1912 – died November 24, 1981).[1]

Trailblazing path to stardom[edit]

In January 1947, shortly before she turned 15, Loretta married Oliver “Doolittle” Lynn[2] (1926–1996) and soon became pregnant. She and her husband moved to Washington state. Their marriage was tumultuous; he had affairs, but she stayed with him. Their life together helped inspire the music she wrote.[1][not in citation given]

In 1953, on their anniversary, when Loretta was 21, Doolittle bought her a 17-dollar Harmony guitar.[citation needed] She taught herself to play. When she was 24, on their wedding anniversary, Doolittle encouraged her to become a singer. She worked to improve her guitar playing and started singing at the Delta Grange Hall in Custer, Washington, near Bellingham, Washington, with the Pen Brothers’ band, The Westerners. She eventually cut her first record, “Honky Tonk Girl”, in February 1960.

She became a part of the country music scene in Nashville in the 1960s, and in 1967 charted her first of 16 number-one hits (out of 70 charted songs as a solo artist and a duet partner)[3] that include “Don’t Come Home A’ Drinkin’ (With Lovin’ on Your Mind)“, “You Ain’t Woman Enough“, “Fist City“, and “Coal Miner’s Daughter“.[4]

Lynn focused on blue-collar women’s issues with themes about philandering husbands and persistent mistresses, and pushed boundaries in the conservative genre of country music by singing about birth control (“The Pill“), repeated childbirth (“One’s on the Way“), double standards for men and women (“Rated “X”“), and being widowed by the draft during the Vietnam War (“Dear Uncle Sam”).[5]

Country music radio stations often refused to play her music, banning nine of her songs, but Lynn pushed on to become “The First Lady of Country Music”. In 1980 her best-selling 1976 autobiography Coal Miner’s Daughter was made into an Academy Award-winning film, Coal Miner’s Daughter, starring Sissy Spacek and Tommy Lee Jones. Her most recent album, Van Lear Rose, released in 2004, was produced by fellow musician Jack White; it topped the country album charts. Lynn and White were nominated for five Grammys and won two. They earned critical success for their work [6]

Loretta Lynn has received numerous awards in country and American music; including being inducted into the Country Music Hall Of Fame in 1988, and the Song Writers Hall Of Fame in 2008. She was honored in 2010 at the Country Music Awards for her stellar career. Her most recent honor is the 2013 Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama (awarded also to Bill Clinton, Oprah Winfrey, and Bob Dylan). Lynn has been a member of The Grand Ole Opry for 51 years, since joining on September 25, 1962. Her first appearance on the Grand Ole Opry was on October 15, 1960. In a press conference she said, “I’ve played in a million places, but the Grand Ole Opry is different.” Lynn has recorded 70 albums, this includes 54 studio albums, 15 compilation albums, and 1 tribute album; and has sold over 48 million albums worldwide in her career.[7]

Personal life[edit]

Birth, parents and siblings, and famous relatives[edit]

Original childhood home of Loretta Lynn in Butcher Hollow, Kentucky

Loretta was the second of eight children. She was named after film star Loretta Young,[8] Ted Webb never got to see his daughter become famous, as he died a year before Loretta’s first single, “I’m A Honky Tonk Girl”, was released. Three of Loretta’s siblings also pursued country music careers: her youngest sister, Crystal Gayle; sister Peggy Sue; and brother, Jay Lee Webb. Patty Loveless (born Patricia Ramey) is related to Loretta on Loretta’s mother’s side, as is Venus Ramey, Miss America 1944.

Lynn was raised in Butcher Hollow, Van Lear, Kentucky, a mining community near Paintsville. Her mother was of Scots-Irish and Cherokee ancestry. Her father was a coal miner, storekeeper, and farmer. Her seven siblings are Melvin Webb Jr. (1929–1993); Herman (b. 1934); Jay Lee (1937–1996);[9] Donald (b. 1943); Peggy Webb Wright (b. 1947); Betty Ruth (b. 1949); and Brenda Gail Webb, who became country singer Crystal Gayle (b. 1951).

Early adulthood[edit]

Loretta married Oliver Vanetta Lynn, commonly known as “Doolittle,” “Doo” or “Mooney” (for running moonshine), on January 10, 1948, after meeting him December 10, 1947, and courting for a month. Mooney was 21 years old; Loretta was 15.[10] The couple moved to the logging community of Custer, Washington when she was 16 years old and seven months pregnant with the first of their six children.[1]

“Doolittle” and Loretta are actually third cousins on the Webb side. After researching Kentucky census records and genealogy records, it has been documented that Doolittle’s mother was a Webb; her name was Sissy Angie Webb. Sissy’s father was John “Roe” Webb, and one of his brothers was Alexander Webb; Alexander was Melvin “Ted” Webb’s (Loretta’s father) father.

This means that Loretta’s grandfather was Alexander Webb and Doolittle’s grandfather was John “Roe” Webb and they were brothers. So, Loretta’s father Melvin was first cousins with Sissy Angie Webb- Doolittle’s mother. That leaves Sissy’s child Doolittle as Melvin’s second cousin and Melvin’s child Loretta as Sissy’s second cousin. So Doolittle and Loretta are third cousin.

hared the same great-grandparents William “Bid” Webb and Isabel Music Webb (parents of the brothers Alexander and John “Roe” Webb).

Children and grandchildren[edit]

The Lynns had three children by the time Loretta was 19 and she gave birth to their fourth child, Cissie, by age 20. The Lynns had six children altogether:

  • Betty Sue Lynn (November 26, 1948 – July 29, 2013; died. They s at age 64) from emphysema[11]
  • Jack Benny Lynn, (1949-12-07)December 7, 1949–July 22, 1984 (died at age 34) by drowning.[12]
  • Ernest Ray Lynn, April 12, 1951 -
  • Clara Marie Lynn (Cissie), April 7, 1952 -
  • Peggy Jean and Patsy Eileen Lynn (twins; latter named for Patsy Cline), August 6, 1964 -

Lynn has survived two of her six children. Her second child and eldest son, Jack Benny, died at age 34 on July 22, 1984, while trying to ford the Duck River at the family’s ranch in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee. Loretta’s eldest child, daughter Betty Sue, died at age 64 from emphysema on July 29, 2013, near Loretta’s ranch in Hurricane Mills.[12] She became a grandmother at age 29 in 1961, three years before her twins were born. She has 21 grandchildren as of April 2014. Before her marriage, she regularly sang at churches and in local concerts in Butcher Hollow and sang continuously to her younger siblings. After marrying, she stopped singing in public, focusing on family life. She passed her love of music on to her children, often singing to them around the house, singing the hymns her mother taught her such as “The Great Titanic” and “In The Pines”.[4]

Husband[edit]

Although the Lynns were married for almost fifty years (Mooney died on August 22, 1996; the couple’s 49th anniversary would have been on January 10, 1997) and had six children,[13] their marriage was reportedly rocky until Doolittle’s death in 1996. In her 2002 autobiography, Still Woman Enough, and in an interview with CBS News the same year, Lynn recounts how her husband cheated on her regularly and once left her while she was giving birth.[14] Lynn and her husband fought frequently; but she has said that “[H]e never hit me one time that I didn’t hit him back twice”.[14] Loretta has said that her marriage with Mooney was “One of the hardest love stories”.[15] Lynn recalls in one of her autobiographies:

“I married Doo when I wasn’t but a child, and he was my life from that day on. But as important as my youth and upbringing was, there’s something else that made me stick to Doo. He thought I was something special, more special than anyone else in the world, and never let me forget it. That belief would be hard to shove out the door. Doo was my security, my safety net. And just remember, I’m explainin’, not excusin’ … Doo was a good man and a hard worker. But he was an alcoholic, and it affected our marriage all the way through.”[16]

Homes[edit]

Lynn owns a ranch in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee, billed as “The 7th Largest Attraction in Tennessee”, featuring a recording studio, museums, lodging, restaurants, western stores, and other attractions. She normally holds three holiday concerts annually at her ranch: Memorial Day Weekend, Fourth of July Weekend, and Labor Day Weekend.[17]

Lynn’s ranch, where she and her husband raised their children, is open for tourists to visit. For over 30 years the ranch hosted Lynn’s Amateur Motocross National Championship, the world’s largest amateur motocross race, in addition to GNCC Racing events. The ranch is centered around her large plantation home along with a replica of her parents’ cabin in Butcher Hollow. She no longer lives in the plantation home.[17]

Injury and recovery[edit]

In 2006 Lynn underwent shoulder surgery after injuring herself in a fall. However, due to complications during the procedure, she had to be revived by doctors. The surgery was successfully completed later.[18][19]

Music career in detail[edit]

1959–1966: Early country success[edit]

Lynn began singing in local clubs in mid-1959 with help, insistence, and support from her husband. She later formed her own band, the Trailblazers, which included her brother Jay Lee Webb. Lynn won a televised talent contest in Tacoma, Washington, hosted by Buck Owens, for which the prize was a wristwatch that broke 24 hours later(Lynn later laughed about it with Owens). Lynn’s performance was seen by Canadian Norm Burley of Zero Records, who co-founded the record company after hearing Loretta sing. He was impressed enough to want Loretta heard from deejays all over the world.[20]

Zero Records president Canadian Don Grashey arranged a recording session in Hollywood, where four of Lynn’s own compositions were recorded: “I’m A Honky Tonk Girl”, “Whispering Sea”, “Heartache Meet Mister Blues”, and “New Rainbow”. Her first release featured “Whispering Sea” and “I’m a Honky Tonk Girl”. She signed her first contract on February 2, 1960, with Zero; the material was recorded at United Western Recorders in Hollywood, engineered by Don Blake and produced by Grashey.[21][22] Musicians backing on the songs were “the great” steel guitar player Speedy West,[23] Harold Hensely on fiddle, Roy Lanham on guitar, Al Williams on bass, and Muddy Berry on drums.[24] She commented on the different sound of her first record: “Well, there is a West Coast sound that is definitely not the same as the Nashville sound … It was a shuffle with a West Coast beat”.[23]

The Lynns then toured the country to promote the release to country stations,[20] while Grashey and Del Roy took the music to KFOX in Long Beach, California.[22] When the Lynns reached Nashville, the song was a hit, climbing to No. 14 on Billboard’s C & W Chart, and Lynn began cutting demo records for the Wilburn Brothers Publishing Company. Through the Wilburns, she secured a contract with Decca Records.[20] From the onset of her career fans took notice and rallied behind her all the way, with the first Loretta Lynn Fan Club formed in November 1960. By the end of the year Billboard magazine listed Lynn as the No. 4 Most Promising Country Female Artist.[citation needed]

Lynn’s relationship with the Wilburn Brothers and her appearances on the Grand Ole Opry, beginning in 1960,[13] helped Lynn become the number one female recording artist in country music. Her contract with the Wilburn Brothers gave them the publishing rights to her material. She was still fighting to regain these rights 30 years after ending her business relationship with them but was ultimately denied the publishing rights. Lynn stopped writing music in the 1970s because of these contracts. Although Kitty Wells had become the first major female country vocalist during the 1950s, by the time Lynn recorded her first record, only three other women – Patsy Cline, Skeeter Davis, and Jean Shepard – had become top stars. Lynn joined The Grand Ole Opry on September 25, 1962.[1]

By the end of 1962 it was clear that she was on her way to becoming the fourth. Lynn has credited Cline as her mentor and best friend during those early years. In 2010, when interviewed for Jimmy Mcdonough’s biography of Tammy Wynette, Tammy Wynette: Tragic Country Queen, Loretta mentioned having best friends in Patsy and Tammy during different times: “Best friends are like husbands. You only need one at a time.”[citation needed]

Lynn released her first Decca single, “Success,” in 1962, and it went straight to #6, beginning a string of Top 10 singles that would run through the rest of the decade and throughout the next. She was a hard honky-tonk singer for the first half of the 1960s and rarely strayed from the genre.[3] Between this time, Lynn soon began to regularly hit the Top 10 after 1964 with “Before I’m Over You”, which peaked at No. 4, followed by “Wine, Women, and Song,” which peaked at No. 3. In late 1964, she recorded a duet album with Ernest Tubb. Their lead single, “Mr. and Mrs. Used to Be”, peaked within the Top 15. Together, the pair recorded two more albums, “Singin’ Again” (1967) and “If we Put Our Heads Together” (1969). In 1965, her solo career continued with three major hits, “Happy Birthday“, “Blue Kentucky Girl” (later recorded and made a Top 10 hit in the ’70s by Emmylou Harris), and “The Home You’re Tearing Down”. Lynn’s label issued two albums that year, “Songs from My Heart” and “Blue Kentucky Girl”. While most were Top 10 Country hits, none reached #1.[citation needed]

Lynn’s first self-penned song to crack the Top Ten, 1966’s “Dear Uncle Sam”, was among the very first recordings to recount the human costs of the Vietnam War.[1] In the latter half of the decade, although she still worked within the confines of honky tonk, her sound became more personal, varied, and ambitious, particularly lyrically. Beginning with 1966’s Number 1 hit in Cash Box, “You Ain’t Woman Enough”, Lynn began writing songs with a feminist viewpoint, which was unheard of in country music. This song made Lynn the first country female recording artist to pen a No. 1 hit.[25]

1967–1980: Breakthrough success[edit]

In 1967 Lynn reached No. 1 with “Don’t Come Home A’ Drinkin’ (With Lovin’ on Your Mind)“.[26] “Don’t Come Home A-Drinkin” went to No 1 and became one of the first albums by a female country artist to reach sales of 500,000 copies.[27]

Lynn’s next album, Fist City, was released in 1968. The title track became Lynn’s second No. 1 hit, as a single in earlier that year, and the other single from the album, “What Kind of a Girl (Do You Think I Am)”, peaked within the Top 10. In 1968, her next studio album, Your Squaw Is on the Warpath, spawned two Top 5 Country hits: the title track and “You’ve Just Stepped In (From Stepping Out on Me)”. In 1969, her next single, “Woman of the World (Leave My World Alone)”, was Lynn’s third chart-topper, followed by a subsequent Top 10, “To Make a Man (Feel Like a Man)”. She was reportedly once inspired to write a song about a real woman she suspected was flirting with her husband. The song, “You Ain’t Woman Enough (To Take My Man)”, was an instant hit and became one of Lynn’s all-time most popular. Her career continued to be successful into the 1970s, especially following the success of her hit “Coal Miner’s Daughter“, which peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Country Chart in 1970, and the album has sold over 5 million copies world wide. “Coal Miner’s Daughter” tells the story of Lynn’s life growing up in rural Butcher Hollow, Kentucky. The song became her first single to chart on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at No. 83. She had a series of singles that charted low on the Hot 100 between 1970 and 1975. The song “Coal Miner’s Daughter” later served as the impetus for the best-selling autobiography (1976) and the Oscar-winning biopic, both of which share the song’s title.[28]

In 1973 Rated “X” peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Country Chart and was considered one of Lynn’s most controversial hits. The next year, her next single, “Love Is the Foundation”, also became a No. 1 country hit from her album of the same name. The second and last single from that album, “Hey Loretta“, became a Top 5 hit. Lynn continued to reach the Top 10 until the end of the decade, including with 1975’s “The Pill“, considered to be the first song to discuss birth control, other than the 1967 French-language song in French, Pilule d’Or, sung by Luc Dominique. As a songwriter, Lynn felt no topic was off limits, as long as it spoke to other women, and many of her songs were autobiographical.[14] In 1976, she released her autobiography, Coal Miner’s Daughter, with the help of writer George Vecsey. It became a #1 bestseller, making Lynn the first country music artist to make the New York Times bestseller list. This opened a flood gate of country artists who followed with books. By the early 1980s Lynn became the first American female recording artist to chart over fifty top ten hits.[29]

Professional partnership with Conway Twitty[edit]

In 1971 Lynn began a professional partnership with Conway Twitty. As a duo, Lynn and Twitty had five consecutive Number 1 hits between 1971 and 1975: their first release “After the Fire Is Gone” (1971),won them a Grammy award, “Lead Me On” (1971), “Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man” (1973), “As Soon as I Hang Up the Phone” (1974), and “Feelins’” (1974). The hit-streak kick-started what became one of the most successful duos of country history. For four consecutive years (1972–1975), Lynn and Twitty were named the “Vocal Duo of the Year” by the Country Music Association. The Academy of Country Music named them the “Best Vocal Duet” in 1971, 1974, 1975, and 1976. The American Music awards selected them as the “Favorite Country Duo” in 1975, 1976 and 1977. The fan-voted Music City News readers voted them the No. 1 duet in 1971, 1972, and 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980 and 1981. In addition to their five Number 1 singles, they had seven other Top 10 hits between 1976 and 1981.[3] Loretta Lynn and Conway Twitty are the most successful and most awarded male/female duet teams in country music history. Conway and Loretta, their duo name, released an album in 1977 titled “Dynamic Duo” and were considered that by their many fans.

Loretta Lynn touring in 1975

As a solo artist, Lynn continued to be very successful into 1971, achieving her fifth No. 1 solo hit, “One’s on the Way“, written by poet and songwriter Shel Silverstein. The songs that didn’t reach the top spot peaked within the Top 10 during this time, “I Wanna Be Free“, “You’re Lookin’ At Country” and 1972’s “Here I Am Again”, all released on separate albums. The next year, she became the first country star on the cover of Newsweek.[30] In 1972, Lynn was the first woman nominated and the first woman to win the prestigious Entertainer Of The Year award at The CMA awards. She won the Female Vocalist Of The Year and Duo of the year with Conway Twitty, beating out George Jones and Tammy Wynette, and Porter Wagoner and Dolly Parton.[citation needed]

Tribute album for Patsy Cline[edit]

In 1977 Lynn recorded I Remember Patsy, an album dedicated to her friend and country pop singer Patsy Cline, who had died in a plane crash in 1963. The album covered some of Cline’s biggest hits. The two singles Lynn released from the album, “She’s Got You” and “Why Can’t He Be You”, became major hits. “She’s Got You”, which went to #1 by Cline in 1962, went to #1 again that year by Lynn. “Why Can’t He Be You” peaked at #7 shortly afterward. Lynn enjoyed enormous success on country radio until the early 1980s, when a more pop-flavored type of country music began to dominate the market. She stayed within the country Top 10 until the mid-1980s; however, most of her music by the late ’70s had a slick pop sound to it. Lynn had her last No. 1 hit in 1978 with “Out of My Head and Back in My Bed”.[citation needed]

In 1979 she had two Top 5 hits, “I Can’t Feel You Anymore” and “I’ve Got a Picture Of Us on My Mind”, from separate albums. Lynn would often sit for an hour or more onstage signing autographs to her fans after a performance. Once in Salisbury, Maryland, the town’s newspaper editor interviewed her while she was signing autographs. Editor Mel Toadvine asked her why she took so much time to sign autographs while more than 100 people stood in line all the way to the front of the Wicomico Youth and Civic Center. “These people are my fans … I’ll stay here until the very last one wants my autograph. Without these people, I am nobody. I love these people”, she told Toadvine. In 1979, she became the spokeswoman for Procter & Gamble’s Crisco oil and did TV commercials and print ads for them for a decade, ending in 1989. Because of her dominant hold on the 1970s, Lynn was named the “Artist of the Decade” by the Academy of Country Music. She is the only woman to win this honor.[31]

1980–1989: Continued success[edit]

On March 5, 1980, the film Coal Miner’s Daughter debuted in Nashville, and soon became the No. 1 box office hit in the United States. Lynn crossed over from country music superstar to American legend. The film starred Sissy Spacek as Loretta and Tommy Lee Jones as Mooney Lynn. The film received seven Academy Award nominations, winning a Best Actress Oscar for Spacek and a slew of other top honors, including a gold album for the soundtrack album, a Grammy nomination for Spacek’s singing as Lynn, a Country Music Association and Academy of Country Music awards, plus several Golden Globe awards. The 1980s featured more hits (“Pregnant Again”, “Naked in the Rain”, “Somebody Led Me Away”).[32] Her 1980 and 1981 albums, Loretta and Lookin’ Good spawned these hits. Lynn was the first woman in country music to have 50 Top 10 hits. Her last Top 10 record as a soloist was “I Lie” in 1982, but her releases continued to chart until the end of the decade. Lynn continued to have Top 20 hits throughout the 1980s.[citation needed]

One of her last solo releases was “Heart Don’t Do This to Me” (1985), which reached No. 19; her last Top 20 hit. In 1993, Lynn stopped releasing singles and focused more on touring than promoting. As a concert artist, she remained a top draw throughout her career, but by the early 1990s she drastically cut down the number of personal appearances due to the fragile health of her husband, who died in 1996. Her 1985 album Just a Woman spawned a Top 40 hit. In 1987, Lynn lent her voice to a song on k.d. lang‘s album, Shadowland with other country stars, Kitty Wells and Brenda Lee, “Honky Tonk Angels Medley”. They released a video for this medley, the album went gold and was Grammy nominated for the four women. Lynn’s 1988 album Who Was That Stranger would be her last solo album for a major record company as a solo artist. She was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988.[33]

1990–present: Later music career[edit]

Lynn returned to the public eye in 1993 with a hit CD. The trio album Honky Tonk Angels, recorded with Dolly Parton and Tammy Wynette. The CD peaked at #6 on the Billboard Country charts and #68 on the Billboard Pop charts and charted a single with “Silver Threads and Golden Needles”. They released a popular video of this song. The album sold over 800,000 copies and was certified gold in the United States and Canada. The trio was nominated for Grammy and Country Music Association awards. Lynn’s former singing partner Conway Twitty died in 1993. Tammy Wynette died five years later on April 6, 1998. She released a three-CD boxed set chronicling her career on MCA Records. In 1995, she taped a seven-week series on the Nashville Network (TNN), Loretta Lynn & Friends, and performed some fifty dates that year.[34]

In 1995 Lynn was presented with the Pioneer Award at the 30th Academy of Country Music Awards. In 1996, she was widowed. In 2000, she released her first album in several years, Still Country, in which she included “I Can’t Hear the Music”, a tribute songg to her late husband. She released her first new single in over 10 years from the album, “Country in My Genes”, when the single charted on the Billboard Country singles chart it made Lynn the first woman in Country Music to chart singles in five decades. While the album gained positive critical notices, sales were low in comparison with her previous releases. In 2002, Lynn published her second autobiography, Still Woman Enough, and became her second New York Times bestseller peaking in the top ten. In 2004, she published a cookbook, You’re Cookin’ It Country.[35]

In 2004 Lynn made a comeback with the highly successful album Van Lear Rose, the second album on which Lynn either wrote or co-wrote every song. The album was produced by her “friend forever” [36] Jack White of The White Stripes, and featured guitar work and backup vocals by White. Her collaboration with White allowed Lynn to reach new audiences and generations, even garnering high praise in magazines that specialize in mainstream and alternative rock music, such as Spin and Blender.[37] Rolling Stone voted the album the second best of 2004. It won the Grammy Award for Best Country Album of the Year.[citation needed]

In late 2010 Sony Music released a new album titled Coal Miner’s Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn, featuring stars like Reba McEntire, Faith Hill, Paramore, and Carrie Underwood to re-record Loretta’s hits over the past 50 years. The CD produced a top ten video hit on GAC with the lead single “Coal Miner’s Daughter” that Lynn recorded with Miranda Lambert & Sheryl Crow. The single cracked the Billboard singles chart making Lynn the first female country recording artist to chart records in six decades. In May 2010, Lynn performed at the Nelsonville Music Festival in Nelsonville, Ohio.[38] In 2012, Lynn published her third autobiography, Honky Tonk Girl: My Life in Lyrics.[39] She contributed her take on the Civil War era song, “Take Your Gun and Go, John” to Divided & United: Songs of the Civil War, which was released on November 5, 2013.

Honors and awards[edit]

Lynn has written over 160 songs and released 60 albums, and has sold 45 million records worldwide. She has had ten Number 1 albums and sixteen Number 1 singles on the country charts. Lynn has won dozens of awards from many different institutions, including four Grammy Awards, seven American Music Awards, eight Broadcast Music Incorporated awards, twelve Academy of Country Music, eight Country Music Association and twenty-six fan voted Music City News awards. Lynn still today is the most awarded woman in country music. She was the first woman in country music to receive a certified gold album for 1967’s “Don’t Come Home A’ Drinkin’ (With Lovin’ on Your Mind)”.[40]

In 1972 Lynn was the first woman named “Entertainer of the Year” by the Country Music Association, and is one of six women to have received CMA’s highest award. In 1980 she was the only woman to be named “Artist of the Decade” for the 1970s by the Academy of Country Music. Lynn was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988[13] and the Country Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 1999.[41] She was also the recipient of Kennedy Center Honors an award given by the President in 2003. Lynn is also ranked 65th on VH1‘s 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll[42] and was the first female country artist to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1977.[43] In 1995 she received the country music pioneer award by the Academy of Country Music.

In 2001 “Coal Miner’s Daughter” was named among NPR‘s “100 Most Significant Songs of the 20th Century”. In 2002, Lynn had the highest ranking (No. 3) for any living female CMT television’s special of the 40 Greatest Women of Country Music.[44]

On November 4, 2004, Lynn, who has been a BMI affiliate for over 45 years, was honored as a BMI Icon at the BMI Country Awards.[45]

In 2008 Loretta Lynn was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in New York City. To date Lynn had been inducted into more music Halls Of Fame than any other female recording artist. In 2010, Lynn received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award for her 50 years in country music.[46]

Loretta Lynn appeared at the 44th Annual Country Music Awards on November 10, 2010 and was honored for fifty years in country music.[47] That same year, Lynn was presented with a rose named in her honor.[48]

In November 2010 Sony Music released a tribute CD to Loretta Lynn titled Coal Miner’s Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn. The CD featured Kid Rock, Reba McEntire, Sheryl Crow, Miranda Lambert, Alan Jackson, Gretchen Wilson, The White Stripes, Martina McBride, Paramore, Steve Earle and Faith Hill. In 2011 Lynn was nominated for an Academy of Country Music, CMT Video and Country Music Association award for “Vocal Event of the Year” with Miranda Lambert and Sheryl Crow for “Coal Miner’s Daughter” released as a video and single off the CD.[1]

On September 25, 2012, Loretta Lynn marked her 50th anniversary as a Grand Ole Opry member. The only other women to reach this milestone have been Jean Shepard, Minnie Pearl and Wilma Lee Cooper. Lynn was honored with a tribute show that was broadcast on GAC-TV.[citation needed]

On August 8, 2013, President Barack Obama announced that Loretta Lynn would be awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. The press release read as follows: “Loretta Lynn is a country music legend. Raised in rural Kentucky, she emerged as one of the first successful female country music vocalists in the early 1960s, courageously breaking barriers in an industry long dominated by men. Ms. Lynn’s numerous accolades include the Kennedy Center Honors in 2003 and the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2010.”[49]

Politics[edit]

At the height of her popularity, Lynn was subject to much controversy. Songs by Lynn that have been banned include “Rated “X”,” about the double standards divorced women face, “Wings Upon Your Horns“, about the loss of teenage virginity, and “The Pill“, lyrics by T. D. Bayless, about a wife and mother becoming liberated via the birth-control pill. Her song “Dear Uncle Sam”, released in 1966 during the Vietnam War, describes a wife’s anguish at the loss of a husband to war. It has been included in live performances during the Iraq War.[20] In 1971 Lynn was the first solo female country artist to play the White House for Richard Nixon. She has since returned to perform for the Carter, Reagan, Bush Sr. and Bush Jr. administrations.

Though Lynn has been outspoken about her views on often-controversial social and political subjects, she stated, “I don’t like to talk about things where you’re going to get one side or the other unhappy. My music has no politics.”[50] She has visited the White House six times since 1976, under both Republican and Democratic presidents,[51] and in her autobiography, she said her father was a Republican and her mother a Democrat.

In 2002’s Still Woman Enough, she discusses her longtime friendship and support for Jimmy Carter,[52] yet during the same time period she made her only recorded political donations ($4,300) to Republican candidates and Republican-aligned PACs. In 2013, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama.[53] At other times, she has questioned both political parties: “Dear Uncle Sam” was written in 1966 during the Lyndon B. Johnson administration to “recount the human costs of the Vietnam War“, and she made a return to her live sets during the Iraq War under George W. Bush‘s presidency.[citation needed]

While a recognized “advocate for ordinary women”, Lynn has often criticized upper-middle-class feminism for ignoring the needs and concerns of working-class women.[1] She once stated, “I’m not a big fan of Women’s Liberation, but maybe it will help women stand up for the respect they’re due.” Along these lines, her music has spanned from “The Pill” and “Rated X” to more culturally-conservative gospel albums.[54] She allowed PETA to use her song “I Wanna Be Free” in a public service campaign encouraging people not to chain their dogs outside.[55]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jump up to: a b c d e f g Official Loretta Lynn website; accessed May 4, 2014.
  2. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn Bio
  3. ^ Jump up to: a b c Loretta Lynn at CMT.com.
  4. ^ Jump up to: a b Coal Miner’s Daughter, p. 73.
  5. Jump up ^ Thanki, Juli. “20 Most Controversial Songs by Women”. Engine 145. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  6. Jump up ^ “Grammy.com”. The Recording Academy. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  7. Jump up ^ “Discography”. countrywired. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  8. Jump up ^ “About the Artist: Biography of Loretta Lynn”. The Kennedy Center; accessed 2007-02-04.
  9. Jump up ^ http://rateyourmusic.com/artist/jay_lee_webb
  10. Jump up ^ “Loretta Lynn: Married at 15, Not 13; 80-Years-Old, Not 77″. Associated Press via WSAZ-TV. May 18, 2012. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012. Retrieved May 21, 2012.
  11. Jump up ^ Notice of death of Betty Sue Lynn, musicrow.com, July 2013; accessed May 4, 2014..
  12. ^ Jump up to: a b “Loretta Lynn’s eldest daughter dies”. Huffington Post. Huffington Post. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  13. ^ Jump up to: a b c Loretta Lynn. Country Music Hall of Fame; accessed 2007-02-04.
  14. ^ Jump up to: a b c “Legends: Loretta Lynn Tells All”. CBS News. December 27, 2002. Retrieved 2007-02-04. “Her autobiography recounts how once, in a drunken rage, he smashed many jars full of vegetables she had painstakingly canned.”
  15. Jump up ^ Lynn, Loretta (2002). Still Woman Enough: a Memoir. Hyperion. ISBN 0786866500.
  16. Jump up ^ Lynn, Loretta et al (1993). Still Woman Enough: A Memoir. Hyperion. p. xiii. ISBN 0-7868-6650-0.
  17. ^ Jump up to: a b “Loretta Lynn official website”. LorettaLynn.com. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  18. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn: Van Lear Rose (2004) reviews”, Metacritic.com; accessed March 3, 2007.
  19. Jump up ^ Lorreta Lynn “Died” in surgery, ContactMusic.com, June 8, 2006; accessed March 30, 2012.
  20. ^ Jump up to: a b c d “Van Lear Rose”; accessed February 4, 2007.
  21. Jump up ^ Koch Entertainment Loretta Lynn Biography.
  22. ^ Jump up to: a b “Honky Tonk Make Believe”, Don Grashy – Co. Joseph Mauro, “MY RAMBLING HEART” (Washington. DC: 1995), p. 45.
  23. ^ Jump up to: a b Honky Tonk Girl: My Life in Lyrics (2012). pp. 10-11; ISBN 978-0-307-59489-1
  24. Jump up ^ PragueFrank’s Country Music Discographies, countrydiscography.blogspot.com; May 2011
  25. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn Profile, Country Music Television website]; accessed May 4, 2014.
  26. Jump up ^ Wolff, Kurt (2000). In Country Music: The Rough Guide. Orla Duane (ed.), London: Rough Guides Ltd. p. 311.
  27. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn profile, MusicianGuide.com; retrieved 2008-04-28.
  28. Jump up ^ Will the Circle Be Unbroken: Country Music In America. Paul Kingsbury & Alanna Nash (eds.) London: Rough Guides Ltd., 2006, p. 251
  29. Jump up ^ “Loretta Lynn Biography”. Lyrics Freak. Lyrics Freak. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  30. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn biography, Countrypolitan.com; retrieved 2008-04-18.
  31. Jump up ^ “Loretta Lynn added to ACM’s Girls’ Night Out”. LorettaLynn.com. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  32. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn biography Countrypolitan.com; retrieved 2008-04-28.
  33. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn profile, rollingstone.com; accessed 2008-04-18.
  34. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn profile, musicianguide.com; accessed April 19, 2014.
  35. Jump up ^ “You’re Cookin’ it Country”. Barnes and Noble. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  36. Jump up ^ Jancee Dunn of Rolling Stone Magazine (2004).The CD received two Grammy awards including Country Album of the Year.“Honky-tonk Woman” Rolling Stone; accessed 2006-06-29.
  37. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn Recovering From Surgery“. CBS News, June 8, 2006; accessed 2007-02-04.
  38. Jump up ^ “Past Shows” Stuart’s Opera House: Nelsonville, Ohio. Stuart’s Opera House: Nelsonville, Ohio, n.d. Web. !8 October 2012.
  39. Jump up ^ Lynn, Loretta (2012-04-03). “Honky Tonk Girl: My Life in Lyrics”. Nyjournalofbooks.com. Retrieved 2013-07-02.
  40. Jump up ^ “Johanna’s Vision”. WordPress. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  41. Jump up ^ County Gospel Music Hall of Fame.
  42. Jump up ^ 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll. VH1.com; accessed 2007-02-04.
  43. Jump up ^ Hollywood Walk of Fame directory“. Hollywood Chamber of Commerce; accessed 2007-02-04.
  44. Jump up ^ “40 Greatest Women of Country Music”. Twin Music. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  45. Jump up ^ “Shania Twain, Toby Keith, Casey Beathard Lead Winners at 2004 BMI Country Awards”. bmi.com. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  46. Jump up ^ “Lifetime Achievement Award”. Recording Association online. Retrieved 2011-11-13.
  47. Jump up ^ “Country Music Awards”. TVGuide.com. 2010-11-04.
  48. Jump up ^ Lynn, Loretta. “New Rose Named for Loretta Lynn”. Article. Sony Music Nashville. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
  49. Jump up ^ “President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients”. Office of the Press Secretary, The White House. August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013.
  50. Jump up ^ “Loretta Lynn Quotes”. BrainyQuote. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
  51. Jump up ^ Wagner, Nichole (2009-06-13). “Loretta Lynn profile”. Uncommonmusic.org. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
  52. Jump up ^ Loretta Lynn, Still Woman Enough: A Memoir (New York: Hyperion, 2002)
  53. Jump up ^ Lynn awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, whitehouse.gov; accessed May 4, 2014.
  54. Jump up ^ “Loretta Lynn Quotes”. BrainyQuote. 1935-04-14. p. 2. Retrieved 2012-11-09.
  55. Jump up ^ “Loretta Helps Furry Friends”, LorettaLynn.com, October 24, 2005.

Further reading[edit]

  • In The Country of Country: A Journey to the Roots of American Music, Nicholas Dawidoff, Vintage Books, 1998; ISBN 0-375-70082-X
  • Are You Ready for the Country: Elvis, Dylan, Parsons and the Roots of Country Rock, Peter Dogget, Penguin Books, 2001; ISBN 0-14-026108-7
  • Dreaming Out Loud: Garth Brooks, Wynonna Judd, Wade Hayes and the changing face of Nashville, Bruce Feiler, Avon Books, 1998; ISBN 0-380-97578-5

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Johnny Cash
AMA Album of the Year (artist)
2004
Succeeded by
Buddy Miller
Preceded by
Johnny Cash
AMA Artist of the Year
2004
Succeeded by
John Prine
Persondata
Name Lynn, Loretta
Alternative names Webb, Loretta (birth name)
Short description Singer-songwriter, author, activist
Date of birth 1932-04-14
Place of birth Butcher Hollow, Johnson County, Kentucky, U.S.
Date of death
Place of death

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“WOMEN” love to file “CHARGES” on “YOU” for any “CRIME”

Women Offenders

Population estimates from the Census

Bureau for July 1, 1998, indicate that

women account for more than half the

population age 10 or older:

Both genders 230,861,000 100.0%

Females 119,010,000 51.6

Males 111,851,000 48.4

The racial and ethnic composition of

the general population age 10 or older

varies slightly when males and females

are compared. Non-Hispanic black

females outnumber non-Hispanic black

males by nearly 1.9 million, accounting

for more than a quarter of the total

difference in the number of males and

females in the general population.

Minorities compose a slightly higher

percentage of the female population

(26.2%) than of the male population

(25.9%). Nearly a third of the disparity

in the number of females versus males

in the general population is accounted

for by the larger number of minority

females.

The average age of females in the

general population is about 2½ years

older than that of males. The largest

age disparity, about 3 years, is found

among black non-Hispanic females

compared to black non-Hispanic

males. Among females, Hispanic

women have the lowest average age,

29.6 years, while white non-Hispanic

women have the highest, 39.6 years.

Nearly 3 in 4 violent

victimizations committed

by female offenders were

simple assaults; just over

half the violence of male

offenders is described as

simple assault.

The rate of male violent

offending translated into

about 1 violent offender for every 9

males age 10 or older in the general

population; the rate of female violent

offending was equal to about 1 violent

offender for every 56 females age 10

or older.

Per capita rates of offending among

both males and females decreased

from the peak rates recorded in 1994.

Rates of committing violent crime in

1997 were 29% lower for males and

25% lower among females.

Characteristics of violent female

offenders

More than half of female violent

offenders were described by victims

as white, and just over a third were

described as black. About 1 in 10 were

described as belonging to another race

(Asian, Pacific Islander, Native Hawaiian,

American Indian, Aleut, or

Eskimo).

Black and white offenders accounted

for nearly equal proportions of women

committing robbery and aggravated

assault; however, simple assault

offenders were more likely to be

described as white.

Among violent female offenders, 53%

committed the offense while alone, and

40% were with others, all of whom

were female. Among male offenders,

47% were alone, and 51% were with

other males when the offense

occurred. About 8% of violent female

offenders committed their offense

together with at least one male

offender; by contrast, about 1% of male

violent offenders committed the offense

in the company of a female offender.

2 Women Offenders

Total population 119,010,000 111,851,000

Non-Hispanic 0.7 0.7

Hispanic 0.1% 0.1%

American Indian/Alaska Native

Non-Hispanic 3.6 3.5

Hispanic 0.2% 0.2%

Asian/Pacific Islander

Non-Hispanic 12.1 11.2

Hispanic 0.6% 0.6%

Black

Non-Hispanic 73.8 74.1

Hispanic 8.8% 9.5%

White

Females Males

Percent of U.S. population

age 10 or older, 1998

Gender, race, and Hispanic origin

in the U.S. population

Simple assault 1,533,000 7,187,000 18

Aggravated assault 435,000 3,419,000 11

Robbery 157,000 2,051,000 7

Sexual assault 10,000 442,000 2

All 2,135,000 13,098,000 14%

Offense Female Male offenders

Women as

a percent

of violent

Average annual number

of offenders reported

by victims, 1993-97

Violent crimes committed by females and males

1997 99 15 6.5

1996 107 19 5.7

1995 124 19 6.4

1994 140 20 7.0

1993 135 19 7.1

Male Female male:female

Ratio of

offending

rates,

Offending rates:

Number of offenders

per 1,000 residents

Table 3

Table 2

Table 4

1993 1994 1995 1996 1997

0

40

80

120

160

Number of violent offenders per 1,000 residents

Women (rate times 7)

Men

Fig. 2

Fig. 1

assault

Robbery

offenses

0% 20% 40% 60%

Percent of female offenders

White

Black

Other

Violent

Aggravated

Simple

assault

Fig. 3

30 or older

21-29

18-20

15-17

12-14

Under 12

0% 20% 40%

Age of offender

Percent of violent female offenders

Victims of violence provided very

similar descriptions of their perceptions

of the ages of both female and male

violent offenders. For each age group

&

juveniles, young adults, and those

30 or older

& victims reported little

variation in offender age between the

two genders.

Juveniles accounted for about 28% of

female violent offenders, nearly identical

to the juvenile percentage (26%)

found among violent male offenders.

Characteristics of victims

of female violent offenders

Overall, female-to-female violence

accounted for 11% of all violent offenders

described by victims. An additional

3% of violent offenders were women

who attacked males.

Violent offenders most often victimized

persons of the same gender. More

than 3 out of 4 female offenders had a

female victim; about 7 out of 10 males

had a male victim. About 29% of violent

offenders had a victim of a different

gender; 9 out of 10 of these offenders

were males with female victims.

Male and female violent offenders

differed substantially in their relationship

to those they victimized. An

estimated 62% of female violent

offenders had a prior relationship with

the victim as an intimate, relative, or

acquaintance. By contrast, about 36%

of male violent offenders were

estimated to have known the victim.

Victims who were intimates accounted

for an identical percentage of both

male and female violent offenders.

When women committed their violent

offense against men, 35% of the

offenders attacked an intimate or

relative. By contrast, 8% of victimizations

of other females involved

intimates or family members. For both

male and female victims, the proportion

of female offenders attacking strangers

was the same.

Where offenders committed

violence and use of drugs or alcohol

For nearly half of female offenders,

the violent offense took place either

at or near the victim’s home or at

school. Less than a third of male

offenders carried out their crimes

in these locations.

According to victim self-reports, female

offenders account for about 1 in 4

offenders committing violence at a

school. Women were also estimated

to account for about 1 in 8 violent

offenders in the workplace and 1 in 6

violent offenders committing the

offense in the victim’s home.

There were few differences between

male and female violent offenders in

victim perceptions of drug or alcohol

use at the time of the offense. About 4

in 10 male and female violent offenders

were reported by victims to have been

using alcohol, drugs, or both at the time

of the offense.

Consequences of female violence

The consequences of male violence

were generally more serious for the

victim in terms of weapon use, injury,

and out-of-pocket losses to the victim.

Male offenders were more likely than

female offenders (28% to 15%) to have

used a weapon such as a blunt object,

knife, or firearm in the commission of

the violent offense.

Serious injuries, such as broken bones,

being knocked unconscious, concussions,

knife wounds, or gunshot

wounds, were slightly more associated

with male offenders; however, the likelihood

of hospital treatment for the

victims of male and female offenders

was about the same. An estimated

865,000 violent offenders were responsible

for crimes against victims whose

injuries resulted in hospital treatment;

 

 

 

Women and Crime

According to a self-report study, women were less likely than men to have offended and commited a crime in the last year (11% compared with 26%). Women ‘grow out of crime’ – they are most likely to desist from offending in their late teens. The peak age of reported offending for girls was 14. (The peak age of recorded offending for girls was 15, compared to 19 for men). Criminal statistics show that, in 2002, only 19% of known offenders were women. Theft and handling is the most common indictable offence for women accounting for 57% of known female offenders in 2002. Female arrestees identified as having drug problems are more likely than men to have received drug treatment, spend more money on drugs, report recent use of more harmful drugs and are more often referred to a drug rehabilitation unit.

16% of those arrested for notifiable offences are women but the proportion is higher for fraud and forgery (27%) and theft and handling (22%). Research suggests that following arrest , women are more likely than men to be cautioned and are less likely to have their cases classified as ‘No Further Action’ or be charged. This partly reflects the fact that women are more likely than men to admit their offences and to be arrested for less serious offences.

When sentencing is concerned women are more likely than men to be discharged or given a community sentence for indictable offences and are less likely to be fined or sentenced to custody. Women sentenced to custody on average receive shorter sentences on average than men.

Top crimes women are most associated with:

  1. Theft from shops
  1. ‘Other’ wounding
  1. Robbery
  1. Burglary of all kinds
  1. ‘Other’ fraud
  1. Production, supply and possession with intent
  1. To supply a Class A controlled drug
  1. Summary motoring offences
  1. Handling stolen goods

Women prisoners make up just over 6% of the prison population. There were, on average, 4,299 women in prison in 2002. Between 1992 and 2002, the average population of women in custody rose by 173% as against 50% for men, reflecting sentencing changes at the courts.

Many women in prison have committed only minor offences and pose very little risk to their communities. Some argue that imprisoning a woman can have a disastrous effect on her family as well as herself. Additionally, the large number of women being sentenced to short-term prison sentences for minor offences has led to a general over-crowding problem in women only prisons.

A number of studies have reported on the background of women offenders. They found that most women offenders are mothers who have no work outside the home and had problems at school and left with few qualifications. Most are on state benefits and in debt and have accommodation problems and have experienced some form of abuse and suffered psychological distress and have serious problems with alcohol and drug misuse. A good number of women prisoners have been in local authority care as children and some have lost the care of their own children.

Why are more women being arrested and sentenced in 2011? One of the theories that has been forwarded is the ‘Masculinity Theory’.

It is generally accepted that men commit more crime than women; a statistic that has led many to look for an explanation for such disparity between the sexes. One explanation has proposed that masculinity and crime are inherently linked, and apparent increases in female offending in recent years has led some to conclude that this must be the result of women’s increased masculinity. Research aimed at identifying this increase has failed to yield consistent results. This study utilised a self-perception measure of masculinity and femininity to explore this idea with four groups of women. A total of ninety-seven violent female offenders, non-violent female offenders, full time mothers and professional women were questioned.

Results found that offenders perceived themselves as possessing significantly more masculine characteristics than non-offenders, and that violent offenders perceived themselves as the most masculine. Specifically, more offenders perceived themselves as glamorous, adventurous and rude, and more violent offenders thought of themselves as aggressive. Perceptions of a ‘typical women’ were also measured in an attempt to measure how different participants viewed themselves from other women. All of our women saw ‘the typical woman’ as more feminine and less masculine than themselves.

What could stop this increase in female offending?

The Ministry of Justice wants to look at the following areas:

Targeting anti-social attitudes and anger, self-control, family processes (e.g. affection and supervision). The removal of anti-social friends was associated with reductions in women’s re-offending rates.

Targeting general educational needs was associated with a reduction in women’s re-offending.

The evidence of in-prison drug treatment for women is mixed, but overall programmes based on cognitive behavioural approaches were more promising than those based on therapeutic community models.

Residential treatment after prison enhanced the effects of prison-based treatment.

There was some evidence that discharge or transitional planning and continuity of input from prison to community reduced reconviction rates among high risk women.

Courtesy of Lee Bryant, Director of Sixth Form, Anglo-European School, Ingatestone, Essex

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Myrtle Beach woman beat up man after he ‘passed gas’ in her face, police say

 

 

Watch This Woman Viciously Beat Up a Man For Flying a Drone at a Public Beach

Jun 9, 2014
A 23-year-old woman brutally clobbered a dude after she felt threatened by his flying a drone at a public beach.

Video of the incident dropped on LiveLeak this morning, and shows the Connecticut man attempting to gather his gear as the woman calls 911 to report his “taking pictures of people with a helicopter plane.” It’s one thing to harass someone for taking pictures (she’s wrong for doing so, since they’re at a public beach where photographs are free to be taken), but it’s another to assault someone for taking those pictures, which she has no problem doing.

The man recorded the assault on his iPhone, and when police arrived, they arrested the woman after he showed them the footage.

From the drone pilot:

I never went below 50 feet save for take off/landing, then after the end of my last flight, some crazy lady came over and started taking pictures of me, and dialed 911 for the 3rd time in 15 minutes. They basically said that they’d send someone when one gets free during each of the 3 calls she made, she decided they didn’t care enough about someone obeying the law so when no one was around she assaulted me and she decided to stop when she got a phone call. I called the police to report the assault, and boy was the response big…10 or more vehicles arrived (cops, DEEP, and an ambulance). The police approached me very aggressively, believing her full story, and before anything else was said I brought up something that she missed— the fact that the cell phone in my hand has a camera, that was recording. I had video evidence that she went nuts completely unprovoked, and was the one that assaulted me. She was then charged with assault, and breach of peace and I gave the cops a copy of the video for their prosecution. I then also showed them my last flight where you can make out her colorful shirt getting up from the beach then following it until it lands which proved that she lied when claiming that she asked me to stop flying before calling the police.

At the end of it all, one of the officers said to me basically, “Flying that thing the way you were is fine, you’re not in any trouble. You can come back and fly, but just be aware that some people can be alarmed.”

People Watch & Laugh When Woman Is Seen Beating Up Man

A men’s domestic abuse shelter staged an incognito demonstration of the double standard that domestic abuse has in the public’s eyes. During the segment where a female attacked a male the onlookers just stood and laughed.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CMRmGOj-Kj4&feature=player_detailpage

Myrtle Beach woman beat up man after he ‘passed gas’ in her face, police say

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  • South Carolina’s unemployment drops as food stamps rise

    South Carolina’s unemployment drops as food stamps rise

    Updated: Wednesday, September 10 2014 6:57 PM EDT2014-09-10 22:57:08 GMTSep 10, 2014 5:57 PM CDTSep 10, 2014 5:57 PM CDTMonth after month, South Carolina’s unemployment rate continues to steadily drop. At the same time, the rate of South Carolinians enrolling in food stamps is soaring. Glinda, who wouldn’t give her last name, works as babysitter and has other side jobs. She also relies on food stamps and says she still needs food assistance from the food bank. She received a box of food today from the Harvest Hope mobile food bank in C…

  • Month after month, South Carolina’s unemployment rate continues to steadily drop. At the same time, the rate of South Carolinians enrolling in food stamps is soaring. Glinda, who wouldn’t give her last name, works as babysitter and has other side jobs. She also relies on food stamps and says she still needs food assistance from the food bank. She received a box of food today from the Harvest Hope mobile food bank in C…
  • The need for food assistance is on the rise.
  • More>>

MYRTLE BEACH, S.C. – A Myrtle Beach man and woman were arrested after they came to blows in a fight sparked when the man allegedly “passed gas” near the woman’s face, according to a Myrtle Beach Police report.
The incident happened on Monday night around 7:45 pm at a house in the 900 block of 3rd Ave North, police said. The problems began when a man who routinely sleeps on the porch of the house, came inside while “intoxicated and `passed gas’ in (a woman’s) face while she was laying on the couch,” police wrote in a report. The woman then walked outside to escape the situation, but the man followed her. Once outside, the woman told police that while they were verbally arguing, the man walked toward her in a “threatening manner” and she then hit him 3 times in the face with a closed fist, police said in a report. A witness told police that the pair were both fighting over the initial “passed gas” incident. Darrell Ray McKnight, age 64, was transported to Grand Strand Regional Hospital for a swollen eye, police said. Jessica Annette Cerney, age 33, who works as a clerk at Scotchman Mobile, was not intoxicated and did not suffer injuries, police said.
They were both arrested on a charge of Disorderly Conduct Fighting / Force Company On Another, according to the Myrtle Beach Police.

 

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A Woman Is Beating Up a Man in Public. Would You Intervene?

A Woman Is Beating Up a Man in Public. Would You Intervene?

You’re minding your own business, traversing a city sidewalk, when suddenly you see a physical altercation — and it involves a man and a woman.

Image source: ManKind Initiative

Do you intervene?

Ah, but hang on a second. There’s a twist.

What if the woman is beating up the man?

Image source: via The Mirror

So…do you intervene?

A hidden-camera experiment by the ManKind Initiative claims that onlookers in public react in strikingly different ways depending on the aggressor’s gender, The Mirror reported.

In the first case, filmed in a London park, a male actor attacks his “girlfriend” in front of shocked witnesses — and they get involved very quickly.

There’s a threat to call police, and another witness adds: ”You don’t have to put up with that honey, he’s not worth it.”

Image source: ManKind Initiative via The Mirror

But in the second scenario when the female is the one doing the pounding…

Image source: ManKind Initiative via The Mirror

…the crowd just stares. Some even laugh.

Image source: ManKind Initiative via The Mirror

So…how would you respond? Let us know in the comments below.

And here’s the clip. (Content warning: Quite a few f-bombs and other rough language flies…):

 

http://pix11.com/2014/07/29/video-men-drag-woman-from-elevator-before-beating-robbing-her/#ooid=xuaTJibzoIO-loRcnwvasLT9bnoBEFma

NEVER SAID his COLOR OF SKIN?

MIDWOOD, Brooklyn (PIX11) - A young woman returning to her Midwood apartment was violently attacked and robbed last Sunday, according to police.

Police released surveillance video showing the two suspects laughing as they follow the 18-year-old into her building.

They slip into the elevator behind her and the second suspect appears to grab her by the neck and pull drag her into the hallway.

She tries to fight back, but both men hold her down, punching and kicking her before finally stealing her purse and fleeing.

Police describe the first suspect as being in his late teens to early 20’s weighing approximately 240 pounds. He was last seen wearing an orange T-shirt, beige shorts and a backpack.

The second suspect is believed to be 20-25 years of age and was last seen wearing a black T-shirt and multi-colored pants.

Anyone with information is asked to call the anonymous police tip line Crime stoppers at 1-800-577-TIPS (8477).

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Recognize domestic violence against “MEN” and “WOMEN”

Ravens running back Ray Rice is planning to address the media at 3 p.m. Friday for the first time since he was charged with knocking

 

I have seen many things on TV, but this is crazy the NFL will not say anything bad about a “BLACK” “MAN” or BLACK WOMAN

That is “OK” a WHITE MAN does anything a little off OMG!!!! “HELL TO PAY” EQUAL!! OK make it all “EQUAL” look at Mickel VICK

DOG fighting!!!OMG he got what a few month’s in the big house!! A woman can strap her kid’s in a car and push the car in a pond of water and people feel sorry for this witch!!!!

DOUBLE STANDARD”S I DON”T LIKE!!!!

 

 

The “incident,” as it’s been called, happened in February. Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice beat up his then-fiancée (now wife) Janay Palmer in a casino elevator. Ray Rice told his teammates, and presumably his bosses, that he knocked her unconscious because he was defending himself. At the time, the Ravens tweeted, “Janay Rice says she deeply regrets the role that she played the night of the incident.” Rice was given a two-game suspension. Now, months later, the Ravens have terminated Rice’s contract. What’s changed?

Proof. This week, TMZ posted a security-camera video of the incident titled “ELEVATOR KNOCKOUT.” CNN described it this way: “Rice punches Palmer. Palmer lunges after Rice, and then Rice hits her again and she falls to the floor.” The visible graphic violence spurred the NFL to do what it should have done months ago and ban Ray Rice. Viral video is apparently what it takes for the NFL to care about players who abuse and assault women. Defensive end Greg Hardy was found guilty of beating up his girlfriend in July, and he still plays for the Carolina Panthers. The legal system has nothing on a few minutes of security-camera footage.

I didn’t watch the video, and I won’t link to it because Janay Rice is not the person who made it public. She didn’t want us to see this. The widely circulated “ELEVATOR KNOCKOUT” footage — and Ray Rice being fired from the NFL as a result — doesn’t make her any safer. It doesn’t help her heal. “No one know the pain that the media & unwanted options from the public has caused my family,” she wrote on her Instagram account today. “To make us relive a moment in our lives that we regret everyday is a horrible thing.” Her words reminded me of Steubenville, and other prominent cases in which photos and videos of sexual assault have been made public and led to prosecutions — and greater awareness of what is often a private crime. But not without emotionally decimating the survivors, who are re-victimized once the photos are made public.

A few years ago, I wrote about Rihanna asking her fans to stop hating on Chris Brown, and how hard it can be to support a woman who, in turn, supports the man who very publicly abused her. In the comments, a woman explained why she returned to her abuser: “People who knew he was abusive asked me why I would go back. My response was always, why not? I felt if no one else cares about my abuse, if everyone thinks he is the victim and asks ‘how long should he be punished,’ then why shouldn’t I forgive him?” Collectively, we do a terrible job of letting survivors know we care about them, no matter what they decide. We don’t talk about what it means for a black woman to call the police on a black man. We don’t acknowledge that seeking a protective order can mean putting up with disparaging comments, and that a woman who calls it “abuse” and tries to leave is putting herself in more immediate danger. We don’t talk about the fact that nobody wants to feel like a victim.

FOR THE MEN!!!!!

Women aren’t the only victims of domestic violence. Understand the signs of domestic violence against men, and know how to get help.

Recognize domestic violence against men

Domestic violence — also known as intimate partner violence — occurs between people in an intimate relationship. Domestic violence against men can take many forms, including emotional, sexual and physical abuse and threats of abuse. It can happen in heterosexual or same-sex relationships.

It might not be easy to recognize domestic violence against men. Early in the relationship, your partner might seem attentive, generous and protective in ways that later turn out to be controlling and frightening. Initially, the abuse might appear as isolated incidents. Your partner might apologize and promise not to abuse you again.

In other relationships, domestic violence against men might include both partners slapping or shoving each other when they get angry — and neither partner seeing himself or herself as being abused or controlled. This type of violence, however, can still devastate a relationship, causing both physical and emotional damage.

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“LEARN” “ENGLISH” Fast and Easy!!!!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=CeAma4pjjCc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3cd4InZXvV8&feature=player_detailpage#t=2

Alvin Davis <alvindavis99@gmail.com>
11:46 AM (1 minute ago)
to 蒋鹏

“CAN I TEACH YOU ENGLISH!!!!!!!” I WILL……………….Leave a comment

Teachers can make a class “FUN”never say the same thing to students, never always say good morning, maybe if it is after lunch to see if the hear you!!! Haaha and they turn and say “NO”teacher it is afternoon. Always change your teaching ways. Never be the same.

IT IS NOT WHAT I TEACH YOU TODAY

IT IS WHAT YOU REMEMBER TOMMORROW!!!!

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Basic English lessons to advanced Leave a comment

Basic Englishlessons to advanced

To view a lesson click on the category of your choice. Then you will see a list of lessons that are related to your choice.

English lessons in categories

Numbers Alphabet Greetings / introductions Animals
Fruit / vegetables Food / drink Conversation Holidays Sport Clothes Money Days / dates Directions Basic English lessons Body parts Telling the Time Transport Airport Peoples appearance Questions Weather Jobs Health and beauty Prepositions All grammar lessons Shopping Writing letters Colours Computers Kitchen Emotions Business

Learning the basics of the English language

Start learning English with the list of basic English lessons by clicking on this link. The list is for people that have little or no experience of the English language. The list can also be used by those that might want to refresh their knowledge on some of the English basics. The lessons are in no particular order, so pick you can choose which lesson you would like to start learning from the list available after clicking on the link.

Learning English level 1 basic

Learning English level 1 has over seventy lessons to choose from. You can start learning this level by clicking on the link above or by clicking on the menu at the top and clicking all lessons. Basic English level one it is for people with little or have no experience of the English language or want to refresh their English. The first lesson is for learning the English alphabet and second one you will learn about numbers. The rest of the basic English level 1 lessons, you will be able to start learning some basic English words, how to greet people, jobs, food computers and much more. If you don’t see a lesson of your choice you can request a lesson by leaving a comment in the contact usin the menu.

Learning English level 2 basic

The next level is learning basic English level 2 which you will find is slightly more difficult than basic English level 1. There are a wide range of topics such as money, greetings, seasons and the months of the year are covered in depth for you to start learning at an Easy Pace Learning. Remember if you find that you are struggling with any lesson or have a question, post a message on the Easy Pace Learning forum, we will always try and help you and answer all your questions as soon as possible.

Learning English level 3 basic

Learning English level 3 is quite a hard level, but if you have completed the English lessons in level 1 and level 2 already, you might not not notice a big difference. Sometimes if you don’t understand something about the English lesson you are currently doing try repeating the lesson again, and if you are still unsure please post a question on the forum and we will help you.

Learning English level 3 learning grammar

This level you will be learning all about English grammar, we recommend that you do each lesson one after another. Whilst you are reading and studying each lesson, try to think about the explanation that is given. Do not worry too much or get obsessed about English grammar as it is only a small part of the English language, above all it is important that you enjoy learning the English language.

English vocabulary exercises

There are currently 3 levels of exercises for you to choose from. We have basic level, level 1 and level 2 exercises. There are many topics that have been covered with each having several exercises for each topic. This part of the website is the latest addition so we are currently adding exercises to the website on a daily basis.

What if I am struggling learning English?

When trying to learn the English language you will sometimes come into difficulties, please don’t worry as we help you as much as we can. Below is a list of questions you that might help you.

You don’t have the lesson that I want to learn about, what can I do?

Easy Pace Learning try and make as many different lessons to help make learning English as easy as possible for you to learn English, of you don’t see a English lesson we will make one for you (see next Question).

Can I request a lesson? eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com

Yes, if there is a subject or lesson you want to learn and you can’t see the English lesson listed then ether using the contact us form or use the forum to request the lesson of your choice. We promise that we will add the lesson to the list, usually within one week. Remember Easy Pace Learning is a free on-line website built to people learning the English language.

How Easy Pace Learning will always try and help you improve learning English

If you are struggling learning English or have a question or a problem with a lesson, then try posting a question on the Easy Pace Learning forum you will not only be helping yourself, but others as well as others might be having the same problem as you. The can use the forum to ask any questions you may have about any of the lessons, it doesn’t matter if the questions is not related to a lesson as long as it is about learning English, we will answer all post as fast we can.

You can post questions on Facebook: AlvinLesterDavis

Sometimes it is easier to post a question on Facebook as we all use it! to post a question on Facebook click on the link Easy Pace Learning Facebook. Then come and say hello and post as many questions as you like, just make sure you like the page as well and tell your friends.

Having fun whilst learning English

Whist you are learning English, it is important that you enjoy learning. A great way to learn English is to listening to music it will help you learn different words and are fun to listen to. Please don’t think that you have to remember all the words that you hear, use music to get used to hearing new words and also learning some.

What is Easy Pace Learning chat and will it help me learning English?

Easy Pace Learning chat feature is like Facebook, but without all the adverts or people asking you to play games. It is also a great way to practise your English that you have learnt. Sign up and get as many friends to join today and practise your English skills.

PLEASE TELL YOUR FRIENDS ABOUT US

We want to help as many people as possible start learning the English language to help us achieve this goal please tell as many people as you can about the website. To help us post links on Facebook and twitter or any other social network.

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We have a brief video to so that to show you a brief site tour of Easy pace Learning. We hope that you enjoy using Easy Pace Learning and look forward you using the site again. All the videos that are used for learning English on this site can be viewed by clicking on this link or by clicking on the menu at the: eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com

When faced with learning the English it can use up a lot of your own time, by having to practice. But when you have learnt some of the English language, it will help lead you to a brighter future. By learning English it will give you many advantages. More work prospects, your job grade will hopefully go up and you will make new friends. Click on the title or eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com

Do you have any questions about learning English?

If you have any question about learning English then please contact us using the Easy Pace Learning forum we want to help you as much as we can whist you are learning the English language.

Add a link to your website

Feel free to add a link on your own website, You Tube or blog so other people can use the website as well we can help you with the code needed.

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This page is available for you to listen to. To here the above text in

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Alvin Lester Davis West Fork, AR / 479-839-3126 or 501-242-2000 / alvindavis99@gmail.com Stationary Engineer/English Teacher

Summary of Experience · Supervising mechanics on Central Plant equipment and Boiler Rooms for Industrial Plant, Hospitals and Airports.

  • In excess of 15 years with civilian and mechanical engineering equipment concerned with the maintenance and repairs of wide range of equipment in boiler rooms operation and maintenance such as four (4) units of oil fired high temperature water boilers with a capacity of 45,000,000 BTU/hr. per unit and four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units with a capacity of 5000 tons per unit, Water and Waste Treatment Plants, Utilities Supports, and D.I. system for a Pharmaceutical Company.

Experience CIP School in Angeles City www.cipschool.comJanuary 2009 to October 2013

Teacher · Teaching Korean and Japanese student all English subjects

  • As of May 2011 took over as Head Teacher of 58 Teachers and 80 Students

Shane English School – Dongying, China

January 2008 to September 2009

English Teacher · Taught 5yr to 15yr old Chinese children with a class size of 8 to 32 equaling 200 students a week.

  • Taught Basic English to advanced English in a night class of 20yr to 40yr people
  • Skill’s Interviews, passing SAT for enrollment for the USA

Novartis– Emeryville, CA

2006 to 2008 Master Mechanic

  • Served as Master Mechanic for 22 Buildings with Pharm Equipment, such as: Boilers, Chillers, Sterilizers and performed P.M’s Corrective Maintenance.

VERIZON DATA BASE – Sacramento, CA

2005 to 2006

H.V.A.C. TECH / SUPERVISOR

  • Responsibilities included: Chillers, Boilers, H.V.A.C. System in the Building. P.M.’s Corrective Maintenance On all Building System’s, including but not limited to VAV, Air-Handlers, Cooling Towers, Helping the Electricians on there Craft as well.

COMPUTER SCIENCES CORP – (EUSA CH-47 FLIGHT SIMULATOR UNIT 15367 APO) / South Korea, AP

Boeing / L3 2002 to 2005

Stationary Engineer / HVAC Engineer · Repair of Chillers, Boilers, working with Building Control Systems.

  • Teaching English and Engineering A.C.T. to 20,166 Collage Students
  • Supervising HVAC tech’s for all Army Bases in South Korea

Yamas Controls 2001 to 2002 Chiller Specialist · Working with Company’s such as Genentech, Highland Hospital, Our Lady of Holy Angels.

  • Responsibilities: Repair of Chillers, Boilers, Air-Handling Units, Controls
  • Equipment: Trane, Clever-Brooks, Westinghouse, Carrier, Copeland.
  • Left Company to go overseas.

Saudi Oger Ltd – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

1996 to 2000

Supervisor/H&C Maintenance

  • King Khalid International Airport Project
  • Utilities Division, Heating & Cooling Section
  • Supervising Maintenance personnel of Central Plant Heating & Cooling Section composed of Foremen, Lead Mechanics, Mechanics, HVAC Personnel, I&C Technicians, and Plant Electricians.
  • Responsibilities: include plant machinery’s e.g. four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units, each with a capacity of producing 5000 tons per hour of chilled water, four (4) diesel fuel oil fired high temperature water boilers, each with a capacity of producing 45,000,000 BTU per hour with an output temperature of 204OC, six (6) cooling towers and fans, CHW & HTW piping equaling a total length of 12.8 Kilometers. In addition, submitting daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Superintendent and Project Manager.
  • Maintenance Duty Officer: On many occasions assumed the duties and responsibilities for all contractual decisions and work co-ordinations at the KKIA Airport during night shifts and weekends.

Boot’s Pharmaceutical Co. –Shreveport, LA

1993 to 1996 Chief Stationary Engineer of Central Plant

  • Responsibilities: included (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, (4) 250 PSI water tube steam Ryans D.I. Water system, 4 Culligan water softeners. Also responsibilities submit time sheets, scheduling of shifts, man-hour reports, monthly reports, weekly reports, chemical reports. Compressors, Super Cooled Systems, Automatic Controls for Boilers & Chillers, Barbare / Colman, Blue Prints, P.I.D. Fiber Optic Systems. February 1996 went to Saudi Arabia (company was sold to B.A.S.F). American Towers – Shreveport, LA

1991 to 1993 Chief Stationary Engineer for 16 Stories Office Building

  • Responsibilities included to supervise (6) Stationary Engineers, (2) Cleverbrook’s Steam Boilers, Maintenance and Repair, Operations, Preventive Maintenance, Corrective Maintenance, Budgeting for $1,000,000 a year Maintenance & Operation.

Schumpert Hospital – Shreveport, LA

1983 to 1991 Stationary Engineer · Operations& Maintenance of Steam System, included autoclaves, boilers, 150,000 LB steam per hour, water softeners, (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, Cooling Towers, Pumps, Compressors, D.A. tank operations & maintenance heat exchanger units, emergency systems. Mogal water treatment daily assessment.

  • Babcox& Wilcox steam boilers with 26 Turbine Generators.

Education/ Qualification and Training

Oklahoma State University –Stillwater, OK

B.A. – Facilities Engineering Associates Degree – Fiber Optic / Solar Design/ Engineering / BAMS

A/C School – Oklahoma State University

Boiler Seminar Military Secret Clearance Special Skills Memory Logic, Reading & Interpretation Blue Prints, Problem Solving, Electronic Technology

Personal Profile: An experienced Heating & Cooling Engineer having substantial professional expertise in installing, Commissioning, Maintenance and Operations of most types of Heating and Cooling Systems which include hot and cold water supplies Steam, Chilled Water, High Temperature Water, Gas Supplies, Oil Supplies, Heat Recovery, High Purity Water Systems, Chemical Injection System, OSHA standards, MMS System, LIS System, P.M.’s, C.M.’s, Preventive Maintenance, Planning and completing projects. D.I. Water Systems.

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On Fri, Sep 5, 2014 at 1:00 PM, Gigaom <comment-reply@wordpress.com> wrote:

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Sprint adds 15 new regional carriers to its LTE rural roaming program

by Kevin Fitchard

Sprint’s rural carrier partnership program has now grown to include 27 different operators, covering a population of 38 million.

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“ICE BUCKET CHALLENGE” THE DOG’S POINT OF VIEW

Lmfao 󾌸󾌸󾌸󾌸

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A RAISING AIR ALSO HAS A BUBBLE SYSTEM THAT WILL INFLATE

A RAISING AIR ALSO HAS A BUBBLE SYSTEM THAT WILL INFLATE

 

Rising gas bubbles are routinely used to agitate liquids of diverse composition ranging from pure water to molten metal, but bubble plumes themselves present a class of fluid dynamics problems that are complex enough to defy precise solution by any currently available means. Nevertheless, from an approximate standpoint, considerable progress has been made, first with analytical models [1], [2], [3], [4] and [5] that employ pre-defined (Gaussian) distributions for bubble concentration and liquid velocity, and more recently with numerical simulations [6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14], [15], [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20] that compute these quantities from prescribed governing equations. Single-phase simulations [6], [7], [8], [9] and [10] (also called quasi single-phase simulations [21]) confine the rising bubbles to a predetermined axisymmetric plume, inside which an upward buoyant force is imposed on the surrounding liquid, with the latter regarded as a single continuous fluid. Two-phase simulations [11], [12], [13], [14], [15], [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20] impose no such plume constraint and fall into two general categories. Eulerian–Lagrangian simulations [11], [12], [13], [14] and [15] employ a Lagrangian viewpoint for the bubbles, tracking them as discrete particles, and an Eulerian viewpoint for the liquid, which is regarded as a continuous fluid. In contrast, Eulerian–Eulerian simulations [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20] use a volume-averaged approach in which the liquid and gas are treated as distinct, but continuous, fluids. Balaji and Mazumdar [10] review single-phase models in particular, and Mazumdar and Guthrie [21] do likewise for single-phase and two-phase models in general. Jakobsen et al. [22] offer an extended review comparing the two different types of two-phase models.

Two-phase simulations may do an acceptable job of reproducing the near-field dynamics of bubble plumes, but they may also demand more resources than are feasible for computing the flow created by multiple plumes. In a practical setting, where computational fluid dynamics (CFD) might otherwise be used to investigate arrays of bubble diffusers for large-scale mixing applications, there arises the need for a plume model that can be easily incorporated into existing single-phase CFD codes. The present work accommodates this need with a simple approximation for bubble-induced vertical acceleration inside an idealized cylindrical plume, without solving additional equations of motion for the bubbles themselves.

Earlier single-phase models [6], [7], [8], [9] and [10] have employed fixed cylindrical or conical plumes, within which all the bubbles remain as they rise toward the surface. In such models, the buoyant acceleration of the surrounding liquid is proportional only to the volume of undissolved gas inside the idealized plume, and Mazumdar and Guthrie [23] have demonstrated that approximations of this sort can render velocity predictions outside the plume that are as accurate as those of two-phase models. Although a conical plume is qualitatively more realistic, we propose a cylindrical model here because it is easier to implement for multiple plumes, and simplicity is a practical consideration when the model is to be used in designing arrays of two or more bubble diffusers to mix large volumes of liquid. For applications of the latter kind, in which velocity prediction is much more important outside the plume than inside, we demonstrate that a cylindrical column is an adequate representation for bubble plumes in unstratified liquids.

The present work implements a drift–flux model [6] for bubble plumes and a k–ϵ model [24] for turbulence in an existing single-phase CFD code [25] and [26]. Empirical approximations are used for the plume radius [2] and the bubble slip velocity [27], but our numerical experiments indicate that these quantities have a relatively weak effect on the velocities outside the plume. Velocities computed with the proposed model are found to be most greatly affected by the total gas volume in the plume, and they are roughly proportional to the 2/5 power of the gas flow-rate from 200 to 22,000 cm3/s. Outside this range, however, we find that the exponent approaches 1/2 for much smaller flow-rates, and 1/3 for much larger flow-rates. The ability of the model to make useful far-field velocity predictions, with only the gas flow-rate, the liquid depth, and the container geometry as input, is demonstrated through comparison with experimental data for single and double bubble plumes in water.

  1. Cylindrical bubble plume

Bubbles released from an orifice quickly accelerate to their terminal (slip) velocities relative to the liquid [1], during which time they may also deform and break up into smaller bubbles [12]. When this process is complete, we assume that the bubbles and the liquid are close enough to dynamic equilibrium that the drag force on the bubbles is balanced by the buoyant force on the liquid. The latter is given by Archimedes’ principle, and when the density of the gas in the bubbles is small compared with the density of the liquid in the bubble plume, the upward buoyant acceleration of the liquid in the plume is approximately

equation(1)

<img height=”33″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”93″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si19.gif”&gt;

where g is the constant acceleration due to gravity (9.81 m/s2) and αB is the local ratio of bubble volume to liquid volume. If the bubble volume ratio αB is also small, then Eq. (1) reduces further to

equation(2)

<img height=”12″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”72″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si20.gif”&gt;

Although αB can, in principle, take any value between zero and unity, we limit our consideration to situations in which αB≪1. In practice, values of αB greater than 0.1 progressively nullify the approximation given by Eq. (2), and they may also engender fluid dynamics too complex to be modeled adequately by a single-phase CFD code. In any case, if Eq. (1) were employed in favor of Eq. (2), it would produce larger buoyant accelerations (and correspondingly higher liquid velocities) than Eq. (2) with increasing αB.

Single-phase models [6], [7], [8], [9] and [10] avoid computing the motions of individual bubbles by specifying the plume geometry in advance and by imposing simple approximations for αB. Dey Roy et al. [6] assume a cylindrical plume, and they assign a single value of 0.24 for the ratio of plume radius to container radius. Grevet et al. [7] and Mazumdar and Guthrie [8] assume conical plumes, with the cone dimensions inferred from laboratory experiments. Castillejos et al. [9] likewise employ conical plumes, but they also propose an empirical formula for the plume radius in terms of the gas flow-rate and the height above the bubble source. Inside the plume, single-phase model expressions for αB are given in terms of the gas flow-rate, either as empirical functions of position [9] or as drift–flux approximations [6], [7] and [8] based on bubble residence times.

For simplicity, we idealize the plume as a right-circular cylindrical volume of liquid (Fig. 1) within which all the bubbles remain as they rise toward the liquid surface, and we derive an expression for αB based on the reasoning of Müller et al. [28] Let dVP be an infinitesimal cylindrical element of the plume, with radius rP and infinitesimal height dz, such that

equation(3)

<img height=”19″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”100″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si21.gif”&gt;

If dt is the time required for a bubble to traverse distance dz, then the ratio dz/dt is the local vertical velocity of the bubbles in the plume. This can be separated into two components, i.e.,

equation(4)

<img height=”35″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”94″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si22.gif”&gt;

with w the vertical velocity of the liquid, and w0 the slip velocity of the bubbles relative to the liquid. Defining Q as the volumetric flow-rate of gas bubbles through dVP, the bubble volume dVB enclosed within dVP at any time t is

equation(5)

<img height=”37″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”166″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si23.gif”&gt;

At a depth h below the liquid surface, the bubbles are compressed by the weight of the liquid, and the local gas-volume flow-rate through dVP is related to its value Q0 at atmospheric pressure by

equation(6)

<img height=”37″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”88″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si24.gif”&gt;

where h0 is the depth of liquid equivalent to one atmosphere of pressure (10.4 m for water). Combining ,  and  with the definition for the local bubble-volume ratio in the plume, i.e.,

equation(7)

<img height=”37″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”72″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si25.gif”&gt;

the expression for the latter becomes

equation(8)

<img height=”39″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”203″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si26.gif”&gt;

Combining  and , the buoyant acceleration of the liquid inside the plume is given approximately by

equation(9)

<img height=”39″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”200″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si27.gif”&gt;

Aside from the depth-correction factor, h0/(h+h0), Eq. (9) is the same as the drift–flux approximation introduced by Deb Roy et al. [6] Outside the plume, of course, the bubble-induced buoyant acceleration is identically zero.

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (8 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr1.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr1.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr1.gif”>

Fig. 1.

Idealized bubble plume with radius rP in cylindrical container with radius R.

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The quantities Q0, w, and h can be specified unequivocally in Eq. (9), because they are respectively determined by the bubble-generating device, the computed flow, and the height of the liquid surface. On the other hand, the plume radius rP and the bubble slip velocity w0 are free parameters in the proposed model, and they have to be determined empirically. If the flow velocity w were sufficiently large compared to the slip velocity w0, then the latter could be neglected in Eq. (9), but this does not hold for liquids accelerated from rest, for which w is initially zero. In any case, the assumption of a single fixed value for w0 has been widely used in single-phase and two-phase flow simulations [6], [7], [8], [9], [10], [11], [12], [13], [14], [15], [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20], and we employ the same assumption here.

For bubbles ranging from 1 to 25 mm in diameter, the slip velocity varies from 15 to 35 cm/s [27]. We choose the median (w0=25 cm/s) as our default value, and we demonstrate in Section 5 that the extreme values in this range (15 and 35 cm/s) produce little change in the liquid velocities computed with the proposed model. We show otherwise in Section 5 that the value chosen for rP does have a strong effect on the computed velocities, but only in the near field, at radial distances r≲2rP from the center of the plume. Since the plume radius must be determined empirically as a function of the gas flow-rate and the total depth, however, we postpone until Section 6 our discussion of specific formulas for rP.

  1. Liquid governing equations

The equations governing the motion of the liquid, both inside and outside the bubble plume, are taken to be the Reynolds-averaged continuity and momentum (Navier–Stokes) equations for incompressible flow, respectively given in vector form by

equation(10)

<img height=”14″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”68″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si28.gif”&gt;

equation(11)

<img height=”34″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”215″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si29.gif”&gt;

where ρ is the liquid density, uis the velocity, <img height=”11″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”13″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si30.gif”&gt; is the shear-stress tensor, gB is the buoyant acceleration created by the bubbles, and P is the pressure. The non-zero vertical component of gB is given inside the plume by Eq. (9), and the Reynolds-averaged tensor components τij of <img height=”11″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”13″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si31.gif”&gt; are represented as

equation(12)

<img height=”41″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”171″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si32.gif”&gt;

where the subscripts i,j may take values 1,2 or 3, corresponding to the three cartesian coordinate directions (x=x1, y=x2, and z=x3). Here the quantity ν indicates the kinematic eddy viscosity, rather than the molecular viscosity, and its value is computed from the k–ϵ turbulence model of Launder and Spaulding [24] via the standard formula,

equation(13)

<img height=”39″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”74″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si33.gif”&gt;

where k is the turbulence energy (per unit mass), ϵ is its dissipation rate, and the value of the empirical coefficient Cν is 0.09.

The turbulence model itself consists of two equations for the production, transport, and dissipation of k and ϵ; i.e.,

equation(14)

<img height=”38″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”209″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si34.gif”&gt;

equation(15)

<img height=”40″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”273″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si35.gif”&gt;

The product νΓ on the right sides of  and  is the production rate for turbulence energy, in which Γ is given by

equation(16)

<img height=”22″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”432″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si36.gif”&gt;

with the symbols u, v and w representing cartesian velocity components, and the subscriptsx,y and z indicating partial derivatives. The standard set of (non-dimensional) empirical coefficients for the k–ϵ turbulence model is C1=1.44, C2=1.92, σk=1.0, and σϵ=1.3.

Strictly speaking, the production rate for turbulence energy should include a direct contribution from the bubbles in addition to the conventional shear-production rate νΓ. In their Eulerian–Lagrangian model for bubble plumes, Johansen and Boysan [29] do include such a contribution, which arises from the relative motion between the bubbles and the surrounding liquid. For the proposed model, this contribution would be proportional to gBw0, making the total production rate νΓ+CBgBw0, where CB is a coefficient to be determined empirically. In practice, the additional production term itself presents no difficulty; but as far as we know, an adequate formula has not yet been developed for CB. Johansen and Boysan [29] present results for two gas flow-rates (1300 and 6100 cm3/s) with which they used two different values (0.1 and 0.7) for CB. They offer no general rule for specifying CB, but they do recommend further investigation of its possible relation to bubble size and shape , liquid surface tension, and turbulence length scales. An investigation of that sort is beyond the scope of our work here, but we do include in Section 7 a comparison of results obtained with CB=0 for a cylindrical plume, and CB=1 for a truncated conical plume. Otherwise, to avoid introducing an arbitrary free parameter in our model, we have excluded the direct production of turbulence by bubbles.

  1. Numerical flow solution

The proposed model for bubble plumes has been implemented in the MAC3D single-phase CFD code [25] and [26], which solves , ,  and  in discrete (finite-volume) form. To achieve geometric flexibility in three dimensions, the equations are transformed from cartesian coordinates to general curvilinear coordinates [25] and [26] and discretized for structured curvilinear grids [30] created by a separate numerical grid generator [31]. These grids may take familiar shapes like those obtained with conventional rectangular, cylindrical, and spherical coordinates; or they may take irregular shapes [31] that include rectangular, cylindrical, spherical, and distorted (boundary-fitted) components. In any case, the discrete flow variables are staggered in the grid cells, with normal (contravariant) velocity components defined on the cell faces, and scalar quantities (such as pressure) defined at the cell centers [30]. The solution algorithm [26] is a semi-implicit time-marching scheme that uses second-order upwinding for advective terms [32], with the pressure gradient given by the iterative solution of a discrete Poisson equation [30] and [33] derived from  and .

Concerning boundaries (Fig. 1), we idealize the upper (free) surface of the liquid as a frictionless lid (slip surface), where we impose null values for the vertical component of velocity and the vertical (z) derivatives of other variables (uz=νz=Pz=kz=ϵz≡0). The plume axis is treated as a slip line, along which we impose null values for the radial component of velocity and the radial (r) derivatives of other variables (wr=Pr=kr=ϵr≡0). Elsewhere, solid walls (container sides and bottom) are treated as frictional (no-slip) boundaries, along which standard wall functions [34] are used to define the values of k, ϵ, and shear stress.

In all the numerical simulations reported here, the flow was started from rest, with the plume acceleration gB activated at time t=0. Small initial values were assigned to k and ϵ, which made the initial eddy viscosity roughly equal to the molecular viscosity for water (10−6 m2/s). Except for the simulation of two interacting plumes in a large body of water ( Section 7), the code was allowed to run to steady state in each case, and the grids were sufficiently fine that further refinement (by a factor of two) changed the computed velocities by less than 3%.

  1. Numerical experiments

To investigate the behavior of the proposed model with respect to the plume radius rP, the slip velocity w0, and the gas flow-rate Q0, we used a hypothetical cylindrical tank with depth H=3.05 m, and radius R=15.25 m. The computational grid had a uniform spacing of 15.25 cm in the vertical and radial directions, out to radial position r=3.05 m, beyond which the radial spacing was gradually increased to 30.5 cm over an interval of 50 grid spaces. A hypothetical bubble source with a nominal gas flow-rate of 4720 cm3/s (at atmospheric pressure) was centered on the bottom of the tank (r=0, z=0).

Computed results are presented in non-dimensional form, using R and H to normalize the radial and vertical coordinates, r and z, respectively. Velocities are non-dimensionalized with the plume scaling velocity U0, which we define as

equation(17)

<img height=”46″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”190″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si37.gif”&gt;

Note that if U0 were indeed a characteristic velocity for bubble plumes, it would mean that the liquid velocity (predicted or observed) should scale with the 2/5 power of Q0 and the inverse square-root of H. The 2/5 exponent chosen here for Q0 lies roughly halfway between the extreme values of 0.33 and 0.48 observed experimentally [35] for bubble plumes in unbaffled containers filled with water. In any case, with the proposed 2/5 exponent for Q0, an inverse square-root of H is needed in Eq. (17) to give U0 in terms of Q0, H and g with proper units of length/time. Further discussion of the scaling relation between velocity and gas flow-rate is given in Section 8.

Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 show radial profiles (at mid-depth, z/H=0.5) of the non-dimensional vertical velocity w/U0, computed with three non-dimensional plume radii, rP/R=0.02, 0.03 and 0.04. Although the near-field profiles ( Fig. 2, r≲2rP) may look Gaussian, like those imposed in analytical models [1], [2], [3], [4] and [5], their actual shapes lie somewhere between Gaussian and logarithmic, and they are the result of imposing the buoyant force given by Eq. (9) in the limited cylindrical region defined by r⩽rP. It is evident that the velocity near the idealized plume is quite sensitive to the value chosen for rP, with a ±33% variation in rP producing a ±30% spread in w. In the far field ( Fig. 3, r>2rP), the same variation in rP produces less than a ±10% change in w. In the numerical experiments discussed below, which demonstrate the separate influences of slip velocity and gas flow-rate, the plume radius was given the non-dimensional value, rP/R=0.03.

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (7 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr2.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr2.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr2.gif”>

Fig. 2.

Near-field influence of plume radius rP on liquid velocities computed at mid-depth.

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<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (8 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr3.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr3.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr3.gif”>

Fig. 3.

Far-field influence of plume radius rP on liquid velocities computed at mid-depth.

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Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 show mid-depth radial profiles for w/U0, computed with three different values for the bubble slip velocity, w0=15, 25 and 35 cm/s. The latter span the range of values observed (in water) for individual rising bubbles ranging from 1 to 25 mm in diameter [27]. In this case, a ±40% spread in w0 produces less than a ±5% variation in the computed velocity, both inside and outside the plume. This justifies the selection of the median observed value (w0=25 cm/s) as a default slip velocity for the proposed model.

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (6 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr4.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr4.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr4.gif”>

Fig. 4.

Near-field influence of slip velocity w0 on liquid velocities computed at mid-depth.

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<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (6 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr5.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr5.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr5.gif”>

Fig. 5.

Far-field influence of slip velocity w0 on liquid velocities computed at mid-depth.

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Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 show mid-depth radial profiles for w/U0, computed with three different gas flow-rates: Q0=472, 4720 and 47,200 cm3/s. Recall that if Eq. (17) defines the characteristic velocity for bubble plumes, then w should scale precisely with the 2/5 power of Q0 and the inverse square-root of H. The results in Figs. 6 and 7 exhibit roughly a 2/5 power scaling with flow-rate over two orders of magnitude in Q0, both inside and outside the plume. As for the possible scaling of computed velocity with the inverse square-root of depth, we found (in other numerical experiments not presented here) that if both the gas flow-rate and the container geometry are held fixed, then w does indeed scale roughly as H−1/2. Fixed geometry means, however, that H/R and rP/H (or rP/R) must be the same from one simulation to the next. Otherwise, the scaling of velocity with depth may be quite different from inverse square-root.

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (7 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr6.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr6.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr6.gif”>

Fig. 6.

Near-field influence of gas flow-rate Q0 on liquid velocities computed at mid-depth.

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<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (7 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr7.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr7.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr7.gif”>

Fig. 7.

Far-field influence of gas flow-rate Q0 on liquid velocities computed at mid-depth.

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  1. Bubble plume radius

Although the plume radius does not have to be known precisely for the proposed model to be useful outside the plume, it helps considerably if rP can be reliably estimated within, say, ±30%. This degree of uncertainty is small enough to limit the associated error in velocity to less than ±10% outside the plume (r>2rP). Thus, an empirical formula is needed, which roughly accounts for the variation of plume radius with the gas flow-rate and the vertical distance from the bubble source, so that a mean radius for the model plume can be specified in advance for any given flow-rate Q0 and depth H. For flow-rates Q0≲7000 cm3/s, Cederwall and Ditmars [2] propose the formula,

equation(18)

<img height=”31″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”108″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si38.gif”&gt;

with reference depth h0=10.4 m, and entrainment coefficient α taken as a function of Q0. Using values extracted by Cederwall and Ditmars [2] from data obtained by Kobus [1], we have developed an approximate expression for α, given by

equation(19)

<img height=”45″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”142″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si39.gif”&gt;

where

equation(20)

<img height=”46″ border=”0″ style=”vertical-align:bottom” width=”119″ alt=”” title=”” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-si40.gif”&gt;

Note that the plume length-scale r0, first introduced by Castillejos et al. [9], was used in defining the scaling velocity U0 in Eq. (17). For application with the proposed model, however, Eq. (18) should be used with z=H/2 to obtain the mean radius of the bubble plume over total depth H.

  1. Comparison with experiment

Owing to the assumption of a stationary bubble column with a fixed radius, the proposed model can reproduce, at most, only the time-averaged flow created by real bubble plumes. This precludes simulation of phenomena such as wander [3], in which the plume gyrates about its (cylindrical) axis of symmetry. Even with this limitation, however, the model is still useful in computing velocity distributions needed for estimates of plume-induced mixing and transport [26]. To demonstrate its capabilities in this regard, we compare model predictions with experimental data for single plumes at gas flow-rates of 205, 405 and 2500 cm3/s, all of which lie in the reported range of validity [2] for  and . To demonstrate further applicability for multiple plumes, we also compare predicted and experimental results for the case of two interacting bubble plumes with gas flow-rates of 21,700 cm3/s each.

The first set of data comes from experiments done by Grevet et al. [7] in a water-filled cylindrical tank of depth H=0.6 m and radius R=0.3 m, into which air was injected through an orifice of diameter d=1.27 cm, centered on the bottom. The published velocity measurements consist of time-averaged velocity magnitude U=[u2+ν2+w2]1/2, obtained for two different flow-rates, Q0=205 and 405 cm3/s.

Fig. 8 compares our model predictions with the data for all six vertical positions (z/H=0.1, 0.3, 0.4, 0.56, 0.68 and 0.98) reported from the experiment [7]. The computational grid had a uniform spacing of 1.5 cm in the radial and vertical directions. Using (to the nearest grid space) the values given by Eq. (18) with z=H/2=0.3 m, the model plume radii were specified as rP=7.5 cm for Q0=205 cm3/s, and rP=9.0 cm for Q0=405 cm3/s. Since two different flow-rates are involved, all velocities are presented in non-dimensional form U/U0, with U0 defined by Eq. (17).

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (21 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr8.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr8.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr8.gif”>

Fig. 8.

Comparison of predicted and observed liquid velocities for cylindrical tank with depth H=0.6 m, radius R=0.3 m, and gas flow-rates Q0=205 and 405 cm3/s.

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It is evident from Fig. 8 that the model is considerably less accurate in the vicinity of the idealized bubble column (r/R<0.3) than it is elsewhere. Otherwise, fair agreement is achieved between prediction and experiment, and the model generally reproduces the data outside the plume within a factor of two. The near agreement of the non-dimensional experimental results appears roughly to corroborate the proposed 2/5 power scaling of the velocity with Q0. With a factor-of-two ratio represented in the gas flow-rates, however, the difference between 1/2 and 1/3 power scaling is only about 12%. Any exponent in this range would probably render a fair correlation, given the scatter in the data.

The second set of data comes from experiments conducted by Castello-Branco and Schwerdtfeger [36] in a water-filled cylindrical tank of depth H=2.25 m and radius R=0.8 m, into which air was injected through an orifice of diameter d=5.0 mm, centered on the bottom. In this case, the published velocity measurements consist of radial profiles of time-averaged vertical velocity, taken at three vertical positions on opposite sides of the tank axis, for a single gas flow-rate, Q0=2500 cm3/s.

Fig. 9 compares our model predictions with the data for all three vertical positions reported from the experiments (z/H=0.089, 0.267 and 0.533). The computational grid had a uniform spacing of 2.5 cm in the radial and vertical directions. Using (to the nearest grid space) the value given by the Eq. (18) with z=H/2=0.6 m, the cylindrical plume radius was specified as rP=15 cm for Q0=2500 cm3/s. Since only one flow-rate is involved, all quantities are presented in dimensional form. Circular and triangular symbols indicate experimental data taken on the left and right sides of the tank axis,

respectively. Solid curves (—) indicate the proposed (simple) model with a cylindrical plume and standard k–ϵ turbulence model (CB=0). Dashed curves (- – – -) indicate the model (extended) with a truncated conical plume and direct bubble-generated turbulence (CB=1). In the latter case, the vertical variation of rP was approximated in “telescope” fashion, using values of 12.5 cm in the lower third, 15 cm in the middle third, and 17.5 cm in the upper third of the grid. This representation for rP exaggerates slightly the variation given by Eq. (18), but it approximates that variation to the nearest grid space, and it allows predicted results to be compared using the same computational grid for the cylindrical and conical plumes.

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (16 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr9.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr9.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr9.gif”>

Fig. 9.

Comparison of predicted and observed liquid velocities for cylindrical tank with depth H=2.25 m, radius R=0.8 m, and gas flow-rates Q0=2500 cm3/s. The curves indicate model results obtained with (––) and without (—) a conical plume and direct bubble-generated turbulence. The symbols indicate experimental data taken to the left (•) and right (▴) of the container axis.

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Outside the plume, the predicted results shown in Fig. 9 exhibit about the same degree of accuracy as those in Fig. 8. Unlike the previous case, however, the data of Castello-Branco and Schwerdtfeger [36] include a number of velocity measurements taken inside the plume itself. These reveal that the near-field distribution broadens, while the maximum velocity decreases, with vertical position (z/H). The computed near-field distribution also broadens, but the predicted maximum velocity increases with z/H for both the simple and extended versions of the model. The extended model reduces the predicted rate of increase somewhat, but not enough to achieve quantitative agreement inside the plume. Otherwise, there is little difference between the predictions of the two versions of the model outside the plume. Even if one allows for the data variation that arises here from plume wander, the model still fares poorly in the vicinity of the plume(r<0.2 m). The upshot is that the proposed model (simple or extended) is useful for predicting time-averaged velocities at radial distances greater than 2rP, but not for predicting velocities inside the bubble plume itself.

The final set of data comes from field tests conducted by Hornewer et al. [37] for coarse bubble diffusers in an abandoned, water-filled rock quarry, approximately 335 m long, 244 m wide, and 12 m deep. The experiments under consideration took place under destratified conditions with the diffusers placed near the middle of the quarry, 60 cm from the bottom. The case presented here involves two bubble diffusers, each with an air flow-rate of 21,700 cm3/s, separated by a horizontal distance of 4.6 m [26] and [37]. Comparisons for other configurations with two diffusers and four diffusers can be found in a recent technical report [26].

For comparison with the velocity data obtained in the field test, the proposed model was executed (invoking symmetry) using the single-quadrant grid shown in the plan view in Fig. 10. Station 0 represents the left-side diffuser, station 1 the vertical axis of symmetry between the diffusers, and stations 2 and 3 locations respectively 2.3 and 13 m to the left of station 0. The computational grid extended well into the far field, to a radial distance of 50 m from the diffusers. The radial spacing was approximately 32 cm near the modeled diffuser, and the vertical spacing was uniformly 60 cm throughout the gird. The horizontal spacing was coarsened gradually with increasing distance from the diffuser.

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (30 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr10.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr10.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr10.gif”>

Fig. 10.

Plan views of single-quadrant computational grid for two diffusers 4.57 m apart, showing left-side diffuser location (0) and experimental data stations (1, 2, 3).

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The grid shown in Fig. 10 embodies the finest resolution that we tried for this particular problem, but it is not fine enough to remove grid errors entirely. We say this because factor-of-two refinement of cylindrical grids with comparable resolution may alter computed velocities by as much as 15%. In view of the model’s factor-of-two predictive capability, however, this level of possible grid error seems acceptable, given that a factor-of-two grid refinement demands at least a factor-of-eight increase in computer resources for three-dimensional flow simulations.Although the imposed air flow-rate (21,700 cm3/s) lies beyond the reported range of validity for Eq. (18), the latter nonetheless to specify a plume radius of 32 cm in the model input. Fig. 11 compares vertical profiles of velocity magnitude for stations 1, 2 and 3 after an elapsed time of one hour. Note that each of the experimental data represents a value that was time-averaged over a measurement interval of several minutes [26].

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (15 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr11.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr11.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr11.gif”>

Fig. 11.

Vertical profiles of velocity after one hour for two diffusers 4.57 m apart.

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The accuracy of prediction for this comparison is about the same, on average, as the previous comparisons with experiment. At stations 2 and 3 in particular, the predictions fall on either side of the data, roughly within a factor of two. The consistent underprediction of velocity along the vertical axis of symmetry at station 1, however, may be related to the model’s inability to account for plume wander with high flow-rate diffusers placed less than 5 m apart. In the absence of wander, this axis represents a line of minimum velocity with respect to neighbouring locations, and the computed magnitude increases sharply with horizontal distance from the axis. With wandering plumes, on the other hand, station 1 would no longer coincide with a fixed axis of symmetry, and the time-averaged velocities might be somewhat higher if plume gyration were included in the flow.

  1. Flow-rate scaling

In Section 5, Eq. (17), a reference velocity U0 was defined proportional to Q02/5, and it was pointed out that if U0 were indeed a scaling velocity for bubble plumes, then velocity in general should increase with the 2/5 power of the gas flow-rate. The flow-rate scaling exponent is of particular interest concerning the mixing times associated with plume-driven turbulent flow, because these may grow in inverse proportion to the liquid velocity [35].

For bubble plumes in water-filled laboratory models of metallurgical ladles, Mazumdar and Guthrie [35] report an exponent of 0.48 for flow-rates less than 500 cm3/s, and an exponent of 0.34 for higher flow-rates. In their empirical correlations for mixing times in general, however, Nakanishi et al. [38] propose an exponent of 0.4, while Asai et al. [39] propose an exponent of 0.33. Leitch and Banes [40], on the other hand, report a scaling exponent of 0.37 for velocities inside the plume itself. The exponents cited were all obtained for unbaffled containers, and their disparity suggests possible dependence on factors other than geometry. A survey of scaling relations for various configurations is given by Mazumdar and Guthrie [35].

With regard to the model proposed here, the scaling exponent is influenced by the relative magnitudes of the liquid velocity w and the bubble slip velocity w0 in Eq. (9). Note that the buoyant force that drives the flow in the plume is directly proportional to Q0 and inversely proportional to w+w0. The opposing shear force, which arises from non-uniformity in the local product of eddy viscosity and liquid strain rate, is dominated by a contribution proportional to w2 in the plume. If these forces are balanced at steady state, then the product w2(w+w0) becomes roughly proportional to Q0. Examining the limit as w0 approaches zero, one finds that w is proportional to Q01/3; but in the other limit as Q0 approaches zero, w is proportional to Q01/2. This asymptotic behaviour is qualitatively consistent with Mazumdar and Guthrie’s reported exponents of 0.48 for low flow-rates and 0.34 for high flow-rates. Whatever the case, given non-zero flow-rates and slip velocities, the scaling exponent must fall somewhere between 1/2 and 1/3.

To demonstrate the manner in which the predicted scaling exponent may vary with Q0, we used the proposed model to simulate plume-driven flow in a cylindrical container with 1 m depth and 2 m diameter. The computational grid had a uniform vertical spacing of 5 cm (20 grid spaces) and a radial spacing of 2.5 cm for the first 30 cm outward (12 grid spaces). Over the remaining 70 cm (18 grid spaces), the radial spacing was gradually increased from 2.5 to 7.9 cm. Flow simulations were executed for gas flow-rates from 1 to 1,000,000 cm3/s, with Q0 increased by a factor of 10 from one flow-rate to the next. The mean plume radius was given to the nearest grid space by Eq. (18), and the model was allowed to reach steady state for each case. Imposing the scaling relation UR∝Q0N, with UR denoting the maximum radial component of the return-flow velocity, we then extracted the value of the flow-rate scaling exponent N for each factor-of-10 increment in Q0. The results are plotted in Fig. 12, which indicates that N decreases gradually with increasing flow-rate, from a value approaching 1/2 for small Q0, to a value approaching 1/3 for large Q0. For the range of gas flow-rates (i.e., 200 to 22,000 cm3/s) considered in Section 7, the predicted exponent varies from 0.38 to 0.42, roughly approximating the proposed scaling exponent of 2/5 introduced in Eq. (17).

<img class=”figure large” border=”0″ alt=”Full-size image (4 K)” src=”http://origin-ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr12.gif” data-thumbEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr12.sml” data-fullEID=”1-s2.0-S0307904X9900030X-gr12.gif”>

Fig. 12.

Predicted variation of flow-rate scaling exponent for single plume in cylindrical container with 1 m depth and 2 m diameter.

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  1. Conclusions

The drift–flux model that we have proposed for bubble plumes is similar to the cylindrical model employed by Deb Roy et al. [6], from which it differs mainly in its incorporation of a depth correction for the gas volume fraction. Owing to its simplicity, the model requires only a single additional term in the vertical (liquid) equation of motion, and it is easy to incorporate into existing single-phase CFD codes. Its utility is contingent upon neither the numerical scheme nor the turbulence model employed in the flow computation. The assumption of a fixed, empirically determined radius for the bubble column prevents the model from reproducing transient phenomena such a plume wander, and this reduces its accuracy very near the plume itself; but elsewhere the model generally reproduces observed (time-averaged) velocities within a factor of two, using as input only the gas flow-rate through the bubble source and the dimensions and geometry of the liquid container. This degree of accuracy may be inadequate for mixing calculations in the plume per se, but it is tentatively acceptable for the far-field mixing induced by single or multiple bubble columns in reservoirs.

In combination with a k–ϵ model for turbulence, the proposed model indicates that velocity increases in less-than-linear fashion with the gas flow-rate Q0. The predicted flow-rate exponent approaches 1/2 in the limit as Q0→0, and 1/3 in the limit as Q0→∞. This asymptotic behaviour is qualitatively consistent with some experiments [35], and our predicted exponent of 0.4±0.02, for flow-rates between 200–22,000 cm3/s, coincides with the median value in the range of exponents reported by others [35], [38], [39] and [40]. Since the predicted exponent depends on the relative magnitudes of the flow and slip velocities in the bubble plume, however, its value in general may vary somewhat with liquid depth and container geometry as well as flow-rate. Moreover, given the model’s factor-of-two limit in accuracy, its predictions for the flow-rate scaling exponent should be considered as rough estimates at best.

In its present form, the model is not applicable for stratified liquids in which there is a sharp density gradient between two weakly stratified layers. Our (unpublished) efforts to predict bubble-induced flow under such conditions have been unsuccessful [26], possibly because of the uniformly cylindrical model for the bubble column. Future work will investigate whether a more complex representation can be used successfully with a single-phase CFD code to compute the plume-driven flow under strongly stratified conditions.

 

To conclude all gases inside a bubble there can only be the center and the exit of the same amount of gas.  There has to be the same volume of enter and exit.

 

Thank-You

 

Alvin L. Davis

 

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TEACHING ENGLISH IS FUN!!!!!! see this new school!!!!!

Photo: Idiom of the day :</p>
<p>Cook the books<br />
To record false information in the accounts of an organization, especially in order to steal money (usually in continuous tenses) 1.One of the directors had been cooking the books and the firm had been losing money for years.” width=”329″ height=”504″ /></p>
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Facebook: Alvin Lester Davis      come and follow meeeeeeeeeeee

 

Photo: One thing in common (English)

 

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Photo: Idiom of the day :</p>
<p>One’s eyes are bigger than one’s stomach<br />
One has taken more food than one can eat.<br />
1.I can’t eat all this. I’m afraid that my eyes were bigger than my stomach.<br />
2.Try to take less food. Your eyes are bigger than your stomach at every meal.” width=”485″ height=”343″ /></p>
<p> </p>
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Facebook: Alvin Lester Davis THE “ENGLISH TEACHER” !!!!!

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Facebook: Alvin Lester Davis

 

 

Photo: Idiom of the day :</p>
<p>Way to go<br />
a phrase encouraging someone to continue the good work.<br />
1. As John ran over the finish line, everyone cried, "That’s the way to go!" "Way to go!" said Mary when Bob finally got the car started.” width=”401″ height=”469″ /></p>
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“NEW” 2014 Hydrogen CARS!!! buy and get rid of oil “CARS”

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Hydrogen will replace “OIL” car’s soon for 1000 reason’s

Hindenburg’s liberal valving of hydrogen to maintain level trim required the addition of about 20% fresh hydrogen every seven to ten days, which increased operational expenses, but had the benefit of maintaining the ship’s lifting gas at a high level of purity.

Maintaining a high level of purity (in other words, avoiding contamination of hydrogen by air) was an important safety feature in dealing with the flammable gas; pure hydrogen is difficult to ignite, but hydrogen mixed with air is highly volatile, so the purity of the gas was closely monitored.

Fantastic website!
I would appreciate info on how H2 was generated in large quantities (chemically? electrically?), how it was stored, how the gas bladders were made impermeable, how much the zepellins leaked H2, how they measured purity, what was the cost of replenishing, etc. etc. etc.
Thanks for a great read!!!!

 

I earlier commented that the Graf must have refilled with H2 during its around-the-world flight, but I forgot that because it used Blau Gas instead of Diesel fuel, there was little change in weight in flight since Blau Gas is almost the same density as air. So, no refills needed.

 

I beleive the Graf also carried liquid fuel in addition to the Blau gas. The Graf’s engines ran on that gas and gasoline or petrol, not diesel like the Hindenburg’s engines did. The Graf carried on one flight (No 366) from Germany to Pernambuco gasoline for 20 hours of powered flight which weighed 8040 kg. The remaining fuel was 19,000 cbm of Blau gas, with a minimal weight, that provided the Graf’s engines about 76 hours of powered flight.

 

Having worked with hydrogen at AirResearch in Phoenix durng a study of hypersonic
flight with supersonic combustion ramjets (Scramjets) I was suprised to learn that
the crash and burning of the Hindenburg misled many observers of the photos taken
to believe that the burning was highly visible. Actually it was invisible to the human
eye but visible in movies because of the broader spectrum capability of movie film.

Take my word, for it, the flame was very visible to the human eye! I was standing at the street corner near the Administration building with my parents- I was 9 years old. We watched it explode, the flames and debris went way up and then appeared to come down on top of us. My Mom and I ran down the street a ways but the embers went out before reaching us. I realize that H2 burns with an invisible flame, but it had to burn through the gas bags so the smoldering fabric contributed color to the flame – mostly white as I recall, not yellow as some pictures have been colorized. I have a Hindenburg PowerPoint show on my website -”Remembering the Hindenburg”.

 

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Jane Toppan killed “DAVIS” Family in 1901

 

 

 

Jane Toppan (1880-1901) was a 26-year old nurse from Boston, Massachusetts who gave lethal injections of morphine to 31 hospital patients, and was suspected of having killed an additional 70 patients over the course of a two-decade career. When apprehended, she said she wanted to kill more people than anyone who has ever lived before, but could only provide details to solve 31 crimes. Her history of suicide attempts helped her win an insanity plea, and she was eventually confined to a state mental hospital for 40 years until she died in custody.

 


Jane TOPPAN

They call nurses “Angels of Mercy” — and to all appearances, Jane Toppan fit the bill. Beside her obvious competence, she seemed to be sensitive, sympathetic woman who had worked for some of Boston’s best families.

Of course, none of her employers knew anything about our hero’s early years…

They did not know of her mother’s tragic death when Janie was just a wee lass — or of her father’s subsequent insanity, which impelled him to stitch his own eyelids together. They weren’t aware of Jane’s own suicide attempts, or the morbid obsessions she displayed during her nursing years at Cambridge, where her bizarre fascination with autopsies troubled even her supervisors.

It wasn’t until members of the Davis family began dropping like insects in 1901 that the terrible truth about Jane came out. Far from being an “Angel”, she was, indeed, one of America’s most twisted serial killers.

Mrs. Mattie Davis was the first to go, presumably of heart failure. She died while visiting her old friend, Jane Toppan. The elder Davis daughter, Annie Gordon, was so distraught she turned to Toppan for relief. Nurse Toppan obliged by giving her some injec- tions. Shortly thereafter, Annie followed her mom straight into the grave.

A few days later, the Davis patriarch, Captain Alden Davis, was felled — supposedly by a “massive stroke”. He, too, had been receiving medication from Toppan. That left just one surviving member of the family, a married daughter — Mary Gibbs. Several days after her father’s burial — after placing herself under the care of our Nurse Gibbs — Mary dropped dead, too…

With his wife’s entire family wiped out in less than six weeks, Mary Gibbs’ husband demanded an autopsy. Toppan did her best to prevent it, but the Mass. State Police, suspecting foul play, stepped in. The autopsy confirmed Mr. Gibbs’ dark fears; His wife had been massively posioned with morphine and atropine. By then, Toppan had fled Boston.

She was eventually nabbed in Amherst, NH, October, 1901, but not before she managed to kill her own foster sister. She finally confessed to poisoning not only the Davis clan, but eleven other victims as well. Later, she would tell her lawyer that the true total was thirty-one.Declared insane, she was confined to a state tardfarm, where she died peacefully in1938 at the ripe old age of eighty-four.

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“The EPA is a toxic waste dump for lawlessness and disdain for the Constitution.”

67363-prism6“The EPA is a toxic waste dump for lawlessness and disdain for the Constitution.” Just last week, Mark Levin and his vigilant Landmark Legal Foundation went to court to ask federal district judge Royce Lamberth to sanction the EPA “for destroying or failing to preserve emails and text messages that may have helped document suspected agency efforts to influence the 2012 presidential election.” The motion is part of a larger Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuit to force EPA to release emails and related records from former EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson and others “who may have delayed the release dates for hot-button environmental regulations until after the Nov. 6, 2012, presidential election.” “These entities propagate the false notion that they are independent citizen-funded groups working altruistically. In reality, they work in tandem with wealthy donors to maximize the value of the donors’ tax-deductible donations and leverage their combined resources to influence elections…” – Mark Levin Thanks to Levin and Landmark, Jackson and other EPA officials admitted in depositions that they used personal, nongovernmental email accounts to hide communications about official EPA business sent and received on their government-issued BlackBerries and smart phones. The agency has continued to drag its feet for two years in response to Landmark’s FOIA requests. Levin minced no words: “The EPA is a toxic waste dump for lawlessness and disdain for the Constitution.” Not to mention disdain for the public’s right to know. As Levin added: “When any federal agency receives a FOIA request, the statute says it must preserve every significant repository of records, both paper and electronic, that may contain materials that could be responsive to that request.” The agency is legally obliged to notify all involved in the suit to preserve everything in their possession that could be discoverable in the litigation. But the feds have bent over backward to delay and deny. “(T)he people at the EPA, from the administrator on down, think they’re above the law, that no one has the right to question what or how they do their jobs,” Levin blasted. “Well, they’re wrong. The laws apply to everyone, even federal bureaucrats.”

HI STUDENT’S I WILL NEVER FORGET YOU AND YOUR HARD WORK I MISS ALL OF YOU VERY, VERY, VERY, MUCH

Teachers can make a class“FUN” never say the same thing to students, never always say good morning, maybe if it is after lunch to see if the h…ear you!!! Haaha and they turn and say “NO” teacher it is afternoon. Always change your teaching ways. Never be the same.

IT IS NOT WHAT I TEACH YOU TODAY

IT IS WHAT YOU REMEMBER TOMMORROW!!!!

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“YOU WANT TO TALK GOOD “ENGLISH” CHECK ME OUT

Teachers can make a class “FUN” never say the same thing to students, never always say good morning, maybe if it is after lunch to see if the hear you!!! Haaha and they turn and say “NO” teacher it is afternoon. Always change your teaching ways. Never be the same.

IT IS NOT WHAT I TEACH YOU TODAY

IT IS WHAT YOU REMEMBER TOMMORROW!!!!

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Basic English lessons to advanced Leave a comment

Basic English lessons to advanced

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Alvin Lester Davis
West Fork, AR / 479-839-3126 or 501-242-2000 / alvindavis99@gmail.com Stationary Engineer/English Teacher

Summary of Experience
· Supervising mechanics on Central Plant equipment and Boiler Rooms for Industrial Plant, Hospitals and Airports.

  • In excess of 15 years with civilian and mechanical engineering equipment concerned with the maintenance and repairs of wide range of equipment in boiler rooms operation and maintenance such as four (4) units of oil fired high temperature water boilers with a capacity of 45,000,000 BTU/hr. per unit and four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units with a capacity of 5000 tons per unit, Water and Waste Treatment Plants, Utilities Supports, and D.I. system for a Pharmaceutical Company.

Experience
CIP School in Angeles City www.cipschool.com January 2009 to October 2013

Teacher
· Teaching Korean and Japanese student all English subjects

  • As of May 2011 took over as Head Teacher of 58 Teachers and 80 Students

Shane English School – Dongying, China

January 2008 to September 2009

English Teacher
· Taught 5yr to 15yr old Chinese children with a class size of 8 to 32 equaling 200 students a week.

  • Taught Basic English to advanced English in a night class of 20yr to 40yr people
  • Skill’s Interviews, passing SAT for enrollment for the USA

Novartis– Emeryville, CA

2006 to 2008
Master Mechanic

  • Served as Master Mechanic for 22 Buildings with Pharm Equipment, such as: Boilers, Chillers, Sterilizers and performed P.M’s Corrective Maintenance.

VERIZON DATA BASE – Sacramento, CA

2005 to 2006

H.V.A.C. TECH / SUPERVISOR

  • Responsibilities included: Chillers, Boilers, H.V.A.C. System in the Building. P.M.’s Corrective Maintenance On all Building System’s, including but not limited to VAV, Air-Handlers, Cooling Towers, Helping the Electricians on there Craft as well.

COMPUTER SCIENCES CORP – (EUSA CH-47 FLIGHT SIMULATOR UNIT 15367 APO) / South Korea, AP

Boeing / L3
2002 to 2005

Stationary Engineer / HVAC Engineer
· Repair of Chillers, Boilers, working with Building Control Systems.

  • Teaching English and Engineering A.C.T. to 20,166 Collage Students
  • Supervising HVAC tech’s for all Army Bases in South Korea

Yamas Controls
2001 to 2002
Chiller Specialist
· Working with Company’s such as Genentech, Highland Hospital, Our Lady of Holy Angels.

  • Responsibilities: Repair of Chillers, Boilers, Air-Handling Units, Controls
  • Equipment: Trane, Clever-Brooks, Westinghouse, Carrier, Copeland.
  • Left Company to go overseas.

Saudi Oger Ltd – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

1996 to 2000

Supervisor/H&C Maintenance

  • King Khalid International Airport Project
  • Utilities Division, Heating & Cooling Section
  • Supervising Maintenance personnel of Central Plant Heating & Cooling Section composed of Foremen, Lead Mechanics, Mechanics, HVAC Personnel, I&C Technicians, and Plant Electricians.
  • Responsibilities: include plant machinery’s e.g. four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units, each with a capacity of producing 5000 tons per hour of chilled water, four (4) diesel fuel oil fired high temperature water boilers, each with a capacity of producing 45,000,000 BTU per hour with an output temperature of 204OC, six (6) cooling towers and fans, CHW & HTW piping equaling a total length of 12.8 Kilometers. In addition, submitting daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Superintendent and Project Manager.
  • Maintenance Duty Officer: On many occasions assumed the duties and responsibilities for all contractual decisions and work co-ordinations at the KKIA Airport during night shifts and weekends.

Boot’s Pharmaceutical Co. –Shreveport, LA

1993 to 1996
Chief Stationary Engineer of Central Plant

  • Responsibilities: included (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, (4) 250 PSI water tube steam Ryans D.I. Water system, 4 Culligan water softeners. Also responsibilities submit time sheets, scheduling of shifts, man-hour reports, monthly reports, weekly reports, chemical reports. Compressors, Super Cooled Systems, Automatic Controls for Boilers & Chillers, Barbare / Colman, Blue Prints, P.I.D. Fiber Optic Systems. February 1996 went to Saudi Arabia (company was sold to B.A.S.F).
    American Towers – Shreveport, LA

1991 to 1993
Chief Stationary Engineer for 16 Stories Office Building

  • Responsibilities included to supervise (6) Stationary Engineers, (2) Cleverbrook’s Steam Boilers, Maintenance and Repair, Operations, Preventive Maintenance, Corrective Maintenance, Budgeting for $1,000,000 a year Maintenance & Operation.

Schumpert Hospital – Shreveport, LA

1983 to 1991
Stationary Engineer
· Operations& Maintenance of Steam System, included autoclaves, boilers, 150,000 LB steam per hour, water softeners, (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, Cooling Towers, Pumps, Compressors, D.A. tank operations & maintenance heat exchanger units, emergency systems. Mogal water treatment daily assessment.

  • Babcox& Wilcox steam boilers with 26 Turbine Generators.

Education/ Qualification and Training

Oklahoma State University –Stillwater, OK

B.A. – Facilities Engineering
Associates Degree – Fiber Optic / Solar Design/ Engineering / BAMS

A/C School – Oklahoma State University

Boiler Seminar
Military
Secret Clearance
Special Skills
Memory Logic, Reading & Interpretation Blue Prints, Problem Solving, Electronic Technology

Personal Profile: An experienced Heating & Cooling Engineer having substantial professional expertise in installing, Commissioning, Maintenance and Operations of most types of Heating and Cooling Systems which include hot and cold water supplies Steam, Chilled Water, High Temperature Water, Gas Supplies, Oil Supplies, Heat Recovery, High Purity Water Systems, Chemical Injection System, OSHA standards, MMS System, LIS System, P.M.’s, C.M.’s, Preventive Maintenance, Planning and completing projects. D.I. Water Systems.

http://tokyo.craigslist.jp/edu/4584579540.html

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“ALVIN DAVIS” for President of the United States of America VOTE” for “ME”

2. Test the Water: Pre-Candidacy Process
Testing the water: pre-candidacy process

“Serious candidates for president must begin preparing for the election years in advance. The first decision potential candidates and their families face is whether or not they are suited for the demands of the office and willing to make the personal sacrifices necessary to win the election. The next step usually involves forming political action committees to broaden a candidate’s visibility, to test the candidate’s appeal nationwide, and to raise money for increasingly expensive campaigns. Candidates also establish exploratory committees whose job it is to 1) seriously consider the candidate’s chances of becoming president, 2) suggest possible campaigns themes and slogans, 3) write speeches and position papers, 4) seek endorsements from powerful individuals and groups, 5) recruit professional and volunteer staff, 6) begin organizing state campaigns in key states, 7) hire pollsters and consultants, and 8) develop media appeals.”

Thomas S. Vontz and William A. Nixon, “Teaching About Presidential Elections,” Indiana University at Bloomington, Center for Social Studies and International Education website, Aug. 2000

I will stand on the issues, and respond to people with question’s.  There is a time when it is needed to shake up America, and Now it will be me!

Am I suited? Who can be true to them self to say they are suited?  It is a HARD job! but I have worked with so many problem of not only life but in Management and how to get something done to inprove things.

Political Action Committees?  No need, the people need to be able to ask any question directly to the president.

Candidates’s Chances?  If I let business tell me what to do then what about the workers? they have no voice?

Write speeches? Talk from the heart not from a writer.

Hire pollster and consultants? did Lincon have this?

 

 

eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com

alvindavis99.wordpress.com

alvinlesterdavis.wordpress.com

Alvin Lester Davis

West Fork, AR / 479-839-3126 or 501-242-2000 / alvindavis99@gmail.com

Stationary Engineer/English Teacher

Summary of Experience

· Supervising mechanics on Central Plant equipment and Boiler Rooms for Industrial Plant, Hospitals and Airports.

· In excess of 15 years with civilian and mechanical engineering equipment concerned with the maintenance and repairs of wide range of equipment in boiler rooms operation and maintenance such as four (4) units of oil fired high temperature water boilers with a capacity of 45,000,000 BTU/hr. per unit and four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units with a capacity of 5000 tons per unit, Water and Waste Treatment Plants, Utilities Supports, and D.I. system for a Pharmaceutical Company.
Experience

CIP School in Angeles City www.cipschool.com

January 2009 to October 2013

Teacher

· Teaching Korean and Japanese student all English subjects

· As of May 2011 took over as Head Teacher of 58 Teachers and 80 Students
Shane English School – Dongying, China
January 2008 to September 2009
English Teacher

· Taught 5yr to 15yr old Chinese children with a class size of 8 to 32 equaling 200 students a week.

· Taught Basic English to advanced English in a night class of 20yr to 40yr people
· Skill’s Interviews, passing SAT for enrollment for the USA
Novartis– Emeryville, CA
2006 to 2008

Master Mechanic

· Served as Master Mechanic for 22 Buildings with Pharm Equipment, such as: Boilers, Chillers, Sterilizers and performed P.M’s Corrective Maintenance.
VERIZON DATA BASE – Sacramento, CA
2005 to 2006
H.V.A.C. TECH / SUPERVISOR
· Responsibilities included: Chillers, Boilers, H.V.A.C. System in the Building. P.M.’s Corrective Maintenance On all Building System’s, including but not limited to VAV, Air-Handlers, Cooling Towers, Helping the Electricians on there Craft as well.
COMPUTER SCIENCES CORP – (EUSA CH-47 FLIGHT SIMULATOR UNIT 15367 APO) / South Korea, AP
Boeing / L3

2002 to 2005

Stationary Engineer / HVAC Engineer

· Repair of Chillers, Boilers, working with Building Control Systems.

· Teaching English and Engineering A.C.T. to 20,166 Collage Students
· Supervising HVAC tech’s for all Army Bases in South Korea
Yamas Controls

2001 to 2002

Chiller Specialist

· Working with Company’s such as Genentech, Highland Hospital, Our Lady of Holy Angels.

· Responsibilities: Repair of Chillers, Boilers, Air-Handling Units, Controls
· Equipment: Trane, Clever-Brooks, Westinghouse, Carrier, Copeland.
· Left Company to go overseas.
Saudi Oger Ltd – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
1996 to 2000
Supervisor/H&C Maintenance
· King Khalid International Airport Project
· Utilities Division, Heating & Cooling Section
· Supervising Maintenance personnel of Central Plant Heating & Cooling Section composed of Foremen, Lead Mechanics, Mechanics, HVAC Personnel, I&C Technicians, and Plant Electricians.
· Responsibilities: include plant machinery’s e.g. four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units, each with a capacity of producing 5000 tons per hour of chilled water, four (4) diesel fuel oil fired high temperature water boilers, each with a capacity of producing 45,000,000 BTU per hour with an output temperature of 204OC, six (6) cooling towers and fans, CHW & HTW piping equaling a total length of 12.8 Kilometers. In addition, submitting daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Superintendent and Project Manager.
· Maintenance Duty Officer: On many occasions assumed the duties and responsibilities for all contractual decisions and work co-ordinations at the KKIA Airport during night shifts and weekends.
Boot’s Pharmaceutical Co. – Shreveport, LA
1993 to 1996

Chief Stationary Engineer of Central Plant

· Responsibilities: included (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, (4) 250 PSI water tube steam Ryans D.I. Water system, 4 Culligan water softeners. Also responsibilities submit time sheets, scheduling of shifts, man-hour reports, monthly reports, weekly reports, chemical reports. Compressors, Super Cooled Systems, Automatic Controls for Boilers & Chillers, Barbare / Colman, Blue Prints, P.I.D. Fiber Optic Systems. February 1996 went to Saudi Arabia (company was sold to B.A.S.F).

American Towers – Shreveport, LA

1991 to 1993

Chief Stationary Engineer for 16 Stories Office Building

· Responsibilities included to supervise (6) Stationary Engineers, (2) Cleverbrook’s Steam Boilers, Maintenance and Repair, Operations, Preventive Maintenance, Corrective Maintenance, Budgeting for $1,000,000 a year Maintenance & Operation.
Schumpert Hospital – Shreveport, LA
1983 to 1991

Stationary Engineer

· Operations& Maintenance of Steam System, included autoclaves, boilers, 150,000 LB steam per hour, water softeners, (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, Cooling Towers, Pumps, Compressors, D.A. tank operations & maintenance heat exchanger units, emergency systems. Mogal water treatment daily assessment.

· Babcox& Wilcox steam boilers with 26 Turbine Generators.
Education/ Qualification and Training
Oklahoma State University – Stillwater, OK
B.A. – Facilities Engineering

Associates Degree – Fiber Optic / Solar Design/ Engineering / BAMS

A/C School – Oklahoma State University
Boiler Seminar

Military

Secret Clearance

Special Skills

Memory Logic, Reading & Interpretation Blue Prints, Problem Solving, Electronic Technology

Personal Profile: An experienced Heating & Cooling Engineer having substantial professional expertise in installing, Commissioning, Maintenance and Operations of most types of Heating and Cooling Systems which include hot and cold water supplies Steam, Chilled Water, High Temperature Water, Gas Supplies, Oil Supplies, Heat Recovery, High Purity Water Systems, Chemical Injection System, OSHA standards, MMS System, LIS System, P.M.’s, C.M.’s, Preventive Maintenance, Planning and completing projects. D.I. Water Systems.

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“ALVIN DAVIS” as the new President of the United States of America

1. Meet Eligibility Guidelines Set by the US Constitution

Article II of the United States Constitution establishes the Executive Branch of the Government, including the President, Vice-President, and other executive officers. Within Article II, rules are set as to who can become President and how a President is elected:

Article II

Section 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected, as follows:

…No person except anatural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States at the time ofthe adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of President neither shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained to the age ofthirty five years, and been fourteen Years a resident within the United States.”

United States Constitution, Sep. 17, 1787

#01:   New Party: The Mixed Party
#02:  Why: because USA is not UNITED
#03:  Education: is worse and going to the bottom of the world
#04:  Health Plans
#05:  Change in the way we thing as American’s
#06:  Tax’s
#07:  State Laws
 
Ok this is just the first draft, but I will throw my hat in the RING” 100% we need a new “Party” the two old party’s can not get anything done. if I am President I will not belong to any of the DEM’s or the REP’s this is to say I will judge each issue out side of the standard’s that each party is bound and bent on making only for there “PARTY’S” I will not be scared to say “NO”
Every congress person must “VOTE” on each and every issue in “PERSON” that is there “JOB”
 
 
 
 
 

eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com

alvindavis99.wordpress.com

alvinlesterdavis.wordpress.com

Alvin Lester Davis

West Fork, AR / 479-839-3126 or 501-242-2000 / alvindavis99@gmail.com

Stationary Engineer/English Teacher

Summary of Experience

· Supervising mechanics on Central Plant equipment and Boiler Rooms for Industrial Plant, Hospitals and Airports.

· In excess of 15 years with civilian and mechanical engineering equipment concerned with the maintenance and repairs of wide range of equipment in boiler rooms operation and maintenance such as four (4) units of oil fired high temperature water boilers with a capacity of 45,000,000 BTU/hr. per unit and four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units with a capacity of 5000 tons per unit, Water and Waste Treatment Plants, Utilities Supports, and D.I. system for a Pharmaceutical Company.

Experience

CIP School in Angeles City www.cipschool.com

January 2009 to October 2013

Teacher

· Teaching Korean and Japanese student all English subjects

· As of May 2011 took over as Head Teacher of 58 Teachers and 80 Students
Shane English School – Dongying, China
January 2008 to September 2009

English Teacher

· Taught 5yr to 15yr old Chinese children with a class size of 8 to 32 equaling 200 students a week.

· Taught Basic English to advanced English in a night class of 20yr to 40yr people
· Skill’s Interviews, passing SAT for enrollment for the USA
Novartis– Emeryville, CA

2006 to 2008

Master Mechanic

· Served as Master Mechanic for 22 Buildings with Pharm Equipment, such as: Boilers, Chillers, Sterilizers and performed P.M’s Corrective Maintenance.
VERIZON DATA BASE – Sacramento, CA
2005 to 2006
H.V.A.C. TECH / SUPERVISOR
· Responsibilities included: Chillers, Boilers, H.V.A.C. System in the Building. P.M.’s Corrective Maintenance On all Building System’s, including but not limited to VAV, Air-Handlers, Cooling Towers, Helping the Electricians on there Craft as well.
COMPUTER SCIENCES CORP – (EUSA CH-47 FLIGHT SIMULATOR UNIT 15367 APO) / South Korea, AP

Boeing / L3

2002 to 2005

Stationary Engineer / HVAC Engineer

· Repair of Chillers, Boilers, working with Building Control Systems.

· Teaching English and Engineering A.C.T. to 20,166 Collage Students
· Supervising HVAC tech’s for all Army Bases in South Korea

Yamas Controls

2001 to 2002

Chiller Specialist

· Working with Company’s such as Genentech, Highland Hospital, Our Lady of Holy Angels.

· Responsibilities: Repair of Chillers, Boilers, Air-Handling Units, Controls
· Equipment: Trane, Clever-Brooks, Westinghouse, Carrier, Copeland.
· Left Company to go overseas.
Saudi Oger Ltd – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
1996 to 2000
Supervisor/H&C Maintenance
· King Khalid International Airport Project
· Utilities Division, Heating & Cooling Section
· Supervising Maintenance personnel of Central Plant Heating & Cooling Section composed of Foremen, Lead Mechanics, Mechanics, HVAC Personnel, I&C Technicians, and Plant Electricians.
· Responsibilities: include plant machinery’s e.g. four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units, each with a capacity of producing 5000 tons per hour of chilled water, four (4) diesel fuel oil fired high temperature water boilers, each with a capacity of producing 45,000,000 BTU per hour with an output temperature of 204OC, six (6) cooling towers and fans, CHW & HTW piping equaling a total length of 12.8 Kilometers. In addition, submitting daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Superintendent and Project Manager.
· Maintenance Duty Officer: On many occasions assumed the duties and responsibilities for all contractual decisions and work co-ordinations at the KKIA Airport during night shifts and weekends.
Boot’s Pharmaceutical Co. – Shreveport, LA

1993 to 1996

Chief Stationary Engineer of Central Plant

· Responsibilities: included (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, (4) 250 PSI water tube steam Ryans D.I. Water system, 4 Culligan water softeners. Also responsibilities submit time sheets, scheduling of shifts, man-hour reports, monthly reports, weekly reports, chemical reports. Compressors, Super Cooled Systems, Automatic Controls for Boilers & Chillers, Barbare / Colman, Blue Prints, P.I.D. Fiber Optic Systems. February 1996 went to Saudi Arabia (company was sold to B.A.S.F).

American Towers – Shreveport, LA

1991 to 1993

Chief Stationary Engineer for 16 Stories Office Building

· Responsibilities included to supervise (6) Stationary Engineers, (2) Cleverbrook’s Steam Boilers, Maintenance and Repair, Operations, Preventive Maintenance, Corrective Maintenance, Budgeting for $1,000,000 a year Maintenance & Operation.
Schumpert Hospital – Shreveport, LA

1983 to 1991

Stationary Engineer

· Operations& Maintenance of Steam System, included autoclaves, boilers, 150,000 LB steam per hour, water softeners, (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, Cooling Towers, Pumps, Compressors, D.A. tank operations & maintenance heat exchanger units, emergency systems. Mogal water treatment daily assessment.

· Babcox& Wilcox steam boilers with 26 Turbine Generators.
Education/ Qualification and Training
Oklahoma State University – Stillwater, OK

B.A. – Facilities Engineering

Associates Degree – Fiber Optic / Solar Design/ Engineering / BAMS

A/C School – Oklahoma State University

Boiler Seminar

Military

Secret Clearance

Special Skills

Memory Logic, Reading & Interpretation Blue Prints, Problem Solving, Electronic Technology

Personal Profile: An experienced Heating & Cooling Engineer having substantial professional expertise in installing, Commissioning, Maintenance and Operations of most types of Heating and Cooling Systems which include hot and cold water supplies Steam, Chilled Water, High Temperature Water, Gas Supplies, Oil Supplies, Heat Recovery, High Purity Water Systems, Chemical Injection System, OSHA standards, MMS System, LIS System, P.M.’s, C.M.’s, Preventive Maintenance, Planning and completing projects. D.I. Water Systems.
Leave a comment »

OK “READY TO LEARN MORE ENGLISH???” read these………..hehehehehe

 

 

eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com

alvindavis99.wordpress.com

alvinlesterdavis.wordpress.com

Alvin Lester Davis

West Fork, AR / 479-839-3126 or 501-242-2000 / alvindavis99@gmail.com

Stationary Engineer/English Teacher

Summary of Experience

· Supervising mechanics on Central Plant equipment and Boiler Rooms for Industrial Plant, Hospitals and Airports.

· In excess of 15 years with civilian and mechanical engineering equipment concerned with the maintenance and repairs of wide range of equipment in boiler rooms operation and maintenance such as four (4) units of oil fired high temperature water boilers with a capacity of 45,000,000 BTU/hr. per unit and four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units with a capacity of 5000 tons per unit, Water and Waste Treatment Plants, Utilities Supports, and D.I. system for a Pharmaceutical Company.
Experience

CIP School in Angeles City www.cipschool.com

January 2009 to October 2013

Teacher

· Teaching Korean and Japanese student all English subjects

· As of May 2011 took over as Head Teacher of 58 Teachers and 80 Students
Shane English School – Dongying, China
January 2008 to September 2009
English Teacher

· Taught 5yr to 15yr old Chinese children with a class size of 8 to 32 equaling 200 students a week.

· Taught Basic English to advanced English in a night class of 20yr to 40yr people
· Skill’s Interviews, passing SAT for enrollment for the USA
Novartis– Emeryville, CA
2006 to 2008

Master Mechanic

· Served as Master Mechanic for 22 Buildings with Pharm Equipment, such as: Boilers, Chillers, Sterilizers and performed P.M’s Corrective Maintenance.
VERIZON DATA BASE – Sacramento, CA
2005 to 2006
H.V.A.C. TECH / SUPERVISOR
· Responsibilities included: Chillers, Boilers, H.V.A.C. System in the Building. P.M.’s Corrective Maintenance On all Building System’s, including but not limited to VAV, Air-Handlers, Cooling Towers, Helping the Electricians on there Craft as well.
COMPUTER SCIENCES CORP – (EUSA CH-47 FLIGHT SIMULATOR UNIT 15367 APO) / South Korea, AP
Boeing / L3

2002 to 2005

Stationary Engineer / HVAC Engineer

· Repair of Chillers, Boilers, working with Building Control Systems.

· Teaching English and Engineering A.C.T. to 20,166 Collage Students
· Supervising HVAC tech’s for all Army Bases in South Korea
Yamas Controls

2001 to 2002

Chiller Specialist

· Working with Company’s such as Genentech, Highland Hospital, Our Lady of Holy Angels.

· Responsibilities: Repair of Chillers, Boilers, Air-Handling Units, Controls
· Equipment: Trane, Clever-Brooks, Westinghouse, Carrier, Copeland.
· Left Company to go overseas.
Saudi Oger Ltd – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
1996 to 2000
Supervisor/H&C Maintenance
· King Khalid International Airport Project
· Utilities Division, Heating & Cooling Section
· Supervising Maintenance personnel of Central Plant Heating & Cooling Section composed of Foremen, Lead Mechanics, Mechanics, HVAC Personnel, I&C Technicians, and Plant Electricians.
· Responsibilities: include plant machinery’s e.g. four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units, each with a capacity of producing 5000 tons per hour of chilled water, four (4) diesel fuel oil fired high temperature water boilers, each with a capacity of producing 45,000,000 BTU per hour with an output temperature of 204OC, six (6) cooling towers and fans, CHW & HTW piping equaling a total length of 12.8 Kilometers. In addition, submitting daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Superintendent and Project Manager.
· Maintenance Duty Officer: On many occasions assumed the duties and responsibilities for all contractual decisions and work co-ordinations at the KKIA Airport during night shifts and weekends.
Boot’s Pharmaceutical Co. – Shreveport, LA
1993 to 1996

Chief Stationary Engineer of Central Plant

· Responsibilities: included (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, (4) 250 PSI water tube steam Ryans D.I. Water system, 4 Culligan water softeners. Also responsibilities submit time sheets, scheduling of shifts, man-hour reports, monthly reports, weekly reports, chemical reports. Compressors, Super Cooled Systems, Automatic Controls for Boilers & Chillers, Barbare / Colman, Blue Prints, P.I.D. Fiber Optic Systems. February 1996 went to Saudi Arabia (company was sold to B.A.S.F).

American Towers – Shreveport, LA

1991 to 1993

Chief Stationary Engineer for 16 Stories Office Building

· Responsibilities included to supervise (6) Stationary Engineers, (2) Cleverbrook’s Steam Boilers, Maintenance and Repair, Operations, Preventive Maintenance, Corrective Maintenance, Budgeting for $1,000,000 a year Maintenance & Operation.
Schumpert Hospital – Shreveport, LA
1983 to 1991

Stationary Engineer

· Operations& Maintenance of Steam System, included autoclaves, boilers, 150,000 LB steam per hour, water softeners, (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, Cooling Towers, Pumps, Compressors, D.A. tank operations & maintenance heat exchanger units, emergency systems. Mogal water treatment daily assessment.

· Babcox& Wilcox steam boilers with 26 Turbine Generators.
Education/ Qualification and Training
Oklahoma State University – Stillwater, OK
B.A. – Facilities Engineering

Associates Degree – Fiber Optic / Solar Design/ Engineering / BAMS

A/C School – Oklahoma State University
Boiler Seminar

Military

Secret Clearance

Special Skills

Memory Logic, Reading & Interpretation Blue Prints, Problem Solving, Electronic Technology

Personal Profile: An experienced Heating & Cooling Engineer having substantial professional expertise in installing, Commissioning, Maintenance and Operations of most types of Heating and Cooling Systems which include hot and cold water supplies Steam, Chilled Water, High Temperature Water, Gas Supplies, Oil Supplies, Heat Recovery, High Purity Water Systems, Chemical Injection System, OSHA standards, MMS System, LIS System, P.M.’s, C.M.’s, Preventive Maintenance, Planning and completing projects. D.I. Water Systems.

 

 

2 Comments »

“DO YOU WANT TO LEARN ENGLISH???” contact me!!!!!

eslschoolforenglish.wordpress.com

alvindavis99.wordpress.com

alvinlesterdavis.wordpress.com

Alvin Lester Davis

West Fork, AR / 479-839-3126 or 501-242-2000 / alvindavis99@gmail.com

Stationary Engineer/English Teacher

Summary of Experience

· Supervising mechanics on Central Plant equipment and Boiler Rooms for Industrial Plant, Hospitals and Airports.

· In excess of 15 years with civilian and mechanical engineering equipment concerned with the maintenance and repairs of wide range of equipment in boiler rooms operation and maintenance such as four (4) units of oil fired high temperature water boilers with a capacity of 45,000,000 BTU/hr. per unit and four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units with a capacity of 5000 tons per unit, Water and Waste Treatment Plants, Utilities Supports, and D.I. system for a Pharmaceutical Company.
Experience

CIP School in Angeles City www.cipschool.com

January 2009 to October 2013

Teacher

· Teaching Korean and Japanese student all English subjects

· As of May 2011 took over as Head Teacher of 58 Teachers and 80 Students
Shane English School – Dongying, China
January 2008 to September 2009
English Teacher

· Taught 5yr to 15yr old Chinese children with a class size of 8 to 32 equaling 200 students a week.

· Taught Basic English to advanced English in a night class of 20yr to 40yr people
· Skill’s Interviews, passing SAT for enrollment for the USA
Novartis– Emeryville, CA
2006 to 2008

Master Mechanic

· Served as Master Mechanic for 22 Buildings with Pharm Equipment, such as: Boilers, Chillers, Sterilizers and performed P.M’s Corrective Maintenance.
VERIZON DATA BASE – Sacramento, CA
2005 to 2006
H.V.A.C. TECH / SUPERVISOR
· Responsibilities included: Chillers, Boilers, H.V.A.C. System in the Building. P.M.’s Corrective Maintenance On all Building System’s, including but not limited to VAV, Air-Handlers, Cooling Towers, Helping the Electricians on there Craft as well.
COMPUTER SCIENCES CORP – (EUSA CH-47 FLIGHT SIMULATOR UNIT 15367 APO) / South Korea, AP
Boeing / L3

2002 to 2005

Stationary Engineer / HVAC Engineer

· Repair of Chillers, Boilers, working with Building Control Systems.

· Teaching English and Engineering A.C.T. to 20,166 Collage Students
· Supervising HVAC tech’s for all Army Bases in South Korea
Yamas Controls

2001 to 2002

Chiller Specialist

· Working with Company’s such as Genentech, Highland Hospital, Our Lady of Holy Angels.

· Responsibilities: Repair of Chillers, Boilers, Air-Handling Units, Controls
· Equipment: Trane, Clever-Brooks, Westinghouse, Carrier, Copeland.
· Left Company to go overseas.
Saudi Oger Ltd – Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
1996 to 2000
Supervisor/H&C Maintenance
· King Khalid International Airport Project
· Utilities Division, Heating & Cooling Section
· Supervising Maintenance personnel of Central Plant Heating & Cooling Section composed of Foremen, Lead Mechanics, Mechanics, HVAC Personnel, I&C Technicians, and Plant Electricians.
· Responsibilities: include plant machinery’s e.g. four (4) Centrifugal Refrigeration Units, each with a capacity of producing 5000 tons per hour of chilled water, four (4) diesel fuel oil fired high temperature water boilers, each with a capacity of producing 45,000,000 BTU per hour with an output temperature of 204OC, six (6) cooling towers and fans, CHW & HTW piping equaling a total length of 12.8 Kilometers. In addition, submitting daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Superintendent and Project Manager.
· Maintenance Duty Officer: On many occasions assumed the duties and responsibilities for all contractual decisions and work co-ordinations at the KKIA Airport during night shifts and weekends.
Boot’s Pharmaceutical Co. – Shreveport, LA
1993 to 1996

Chief Stationary Engineer of Central Plant

· Responsibilities: included (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, (4) 250 PSI water tube steam Ryans D.I. Water system, 4 Culligan water softeners. Also responsibilities submit time sheets, scheduling of shifts, man-hour reports, monthly reports, weekly reports, chemical reports. Compressors, Super Cooled Systems, Automatic Controls for Boilers & Chillers, Barbare / Colman, Blue Prints, P.I.D. Fiber Optic Systems. February 1996 went to Saudi Arabia (company was sold to B.A.S.F).

American Towers – Shreveport, LA

1991 to 1993

Chief Stationary Engineer for 16 Stories Office Building

· Responsibilities included to supervise (6) Stationary Engineers, (2) Cleverbrook’s Steam Boilers, Maintenance and Repair, Operations, Preventive Maintenance, Corrective Maintenance, Budgeting for $1,000,000 a year Maintenance & Operation.
Schumpert Hospital – Shreveport, LA
1983 to 1991

Stationary Engineer

· Operations& Maintenance of Steam System, included autoclaves, boilers, 150,000 LB steam per hour, water softeners, (4) 1000 tons Trane Centrifugal Units, Cooling Towers, Pumps, Compressors, D.A. tank operations & maintenance heat exchanger units, emergency systems. Mogal water treatment daily assessment.

· Babcox& Wilcox steam boilers with 26 Turbine Generators.
Education/ Qualification and Training
Oklahoma State University – Stillwater, OK
B.A. – Facilities Engineering

Associates Degree – Fiber Optic / Solar Design/ Engineering / BAMS

A/C School – Oklahoma State University
Boiler Seminar

Military

Secret Clearance

Special Skills

Memory Logic, Reading & Interpretation Blue Prints, Problem Solving, Electronic Technology

Personal Profile: An experienced Heating & Cooling Engineer having substantial professional expertise in installing, Commissioning, Maintenance and Operations of most types of Heating and Cooling Systems which include hot and cold water supplies Steam, Chilled Water, High Temperature Water, Gas Supplies, Oil Supplies, Heat Recovery, High Purity Water Systems, Chemical Injection System, OSHA standards, MMS System, LIS System, P.M.’s, C.M.’s, Preventive Maintenance, Planning and completing projects. D.I. Water Systems.
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TIME for EASY ENGLISH (TRY IT)

67363-prism6Idiom of the day :
What’s Up?Definition
What are you doing?; what is happening?
How are you?; how are you feeling?
What’s the matter?
A casual greeting with a meaning similar to how are you? or nice to meet you.

Photo: Idiom of the day :<br /><br />
What’s Up?</p><br />
<p>Definition<br /><br />
What are you doing?; what is happening?<br /><br />
How are you?; how are you feeling?<br /><br />
What’s the matter?<br /><br />
A casual greeting with a meaning similar to how are you? or nice to meet you.” width=”170″ height=”170″ /></div>
</div>
<p> </p>
<p>Ielts Vocabulary Time:</p>
<p>ABHOR<br />
Definition<br />
(v.) to hate, detest<br />
Because he always wound up getting hit in the head when he tried to play Dodge ball, Steve began to abhor the sport.</p>
<p> </p>
<p><img class=

Photo

 

Photo: Always be prepared

Always be prepared. What is another word for prepared? anyone?______________________________

 

Idiom of the day:
Think outside the box
To think freely, not bound by old, nonfunctional, or limiting structures, rules, or practices. (As if thinking or creativity were confined in or limited by a figurative box. Compare this with think inside the box.)
You won’t come up with good ideas until you think outside the box. Let’s think outside the box for a minute and try to find a better solution.
Photo: Idiom of the day:<br /><br />
Think outside the box<br /><br />
To think freely, not bound by old, nonfunctional, or limiting structures, rules, or practices. (As if thinking or creativity were confined in or limited by a figurative box. Compare this with think inside the box.)<br /><br />
You won’t come up with good ideas until you think outside the box. Let’s think outside the box for a minute and try to find a better solution.” width=”271″ height=”186″ /></div>
</div>
<p> </p>
<p><img class=

 

Photo: Parts of a Car

Photo: Vocabulary Time

Idiom of the day:
Sick as a dog
Very sick; sick and vomiting. (*Also: as ~.) We’ve never been so ill. The whole family was sick as dogs. Sally was as sick as a dog and couldn’t go to the party.

The Natives are online

Idiom of the day:
Wake up on the wrong side of the bed

To feel grumpy, irritable; to be easily annoyed.
He can’t stop shouting at me: he must have woken up on the wrong side of the bed this morning.

 

Idiom of the day:
Race against the clock
in sport, if people race against the clock, they try to race faster than a particular time instead of racing against other people

 

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“SEE” you can “LEARN” english very fast and “EASY”

 

 

 

The Natives are online's photo.The Natives are online's photo.

 

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Amazing … Hats-off to Engineer …

 

https://fbexternal-a.akamaihd.net/safe_image.php?d=AQB-ZG40Gm7D5HCr&url=https%3A%2F%2Ffbcdn-vthumb-a.akamaihd.net%2Fhvthumb-ak-xap1%2Ft15.0-10%2F244969_596633627027655_596633517027666_23065_2128_b.jpg&jq=100

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Pronunciation is here……is here………..is here

Pronunciation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
“Pronounced” redirects here. For the Lynyrd Skynyrd album commonly referred to as “Pronounced”, see (Pronounced ‘Lĕh-‘nérd ‘Skin-‘nérd).
For pronunciation on Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation.

Pronunciation is the way a word or a language is spoken, or the manner in which someone utters a word. If one is said to have “correct pronunciation”, then it refers to both within a particular dialect.

A word can be spoken in different ways by various individuals or groups, depending on many factors, such as: the duration of the cultural exposure of their childhood, the location of their current residence, speech or voice disorders,[1] their ethnic group, their social class, or their education.[2]

1. Nose; 2. Lips; 3. Teeth; 4. Palate; 5.

 

 

Linguistic terminology[edit]

Syllables are counted as units of sound (phones) that they use in their language. The branch of linguistics which studies these units of sound is phonetics. Phones which play the same role are grouped together into classes called phonemes; the study of these is phonemics or phonematics or phonology. Phones as components of articulation are usually described using the International Phonetic Alphabet

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soooooo cute ENGLISH words “CUTE”

8k05brzDgFOlyytEa9_Ky2bKGg9c_SJYmSF5EWjx
cute
kyo͞ot/
adjective
adjective: cute; comparative adjective: cuter; superlative adjective: cutest
  1. 1.
    attractive in a pretty or endearing way.
    “a cute kitten”
  2. 2.
    North Americaninformal
    clever or cunning, especially in a self-seeking or superficial way.
    “I don’t want to be cute with you”
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“ENGLISH” IS nooot that hard to learn !!!! just try my things

Photo: Grammar TimePhoto

Photo: Pay attention !

Photo: Reflexive Pronouns

 

Photo: Telephone Phrasal Verbs

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“LOOK” and america is a great place to live??? no health care for people??

 

 

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“ENGLISH” is fun to learn if you learn little at a time !!!!!!!!!

 

 

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“ENGLISH” is fun to lean Alvin’s way!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

Idiom of the day: Go Bananas
Definition:
To be irrational and wild; to lose control.
Example:
1) I knew Joe would go bananas when he found out he’s not getting a raise this year.

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“ENGLISH” can you can?????

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“FOOD” for thought English can be fun if you look at it !!!!!!!!!!!!!!

 

 

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THE WEATHER ENGLISH VOCABULARY WORDS YOU NEED!!!!!!!!!

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Captain English !!!!!!!! tell me what you think?

imgT2

 

You liked your own post on CAPTAIN ENGLISH

You’re so vain. You probably think “YOU” Want to “DATE” A Filipina? is about you.

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The name Davis is a baby boy name, “BUT WHERE AM MEEE ?????

stdnts

 

Davis

The name Davis is a baby boy name.

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English Meaning:
The name Davis is an English baby name. In English the meaning of the name Davis is: David’s son.

Scottish Meaning:
The name Davis is a Scottish baby name. In Scottish the meaning of the name Davis is: David’s son.

American Meaning:
The name Davis is an American baby name. In American the meaning of the name Davis is: David’s son.

SoulUrge Number: 1People with this name have a deep innerdesire to use their abilities in leadership, and to have personal independence. They would rather focus on large, important issues, and delegate the details.Expression Number: 1People with this name tend to initiate events, to be leaders rather than followers, with powerful personalities. They tend to be focused on specific goals, experience a wealth of creative new ideas, and have the ability to implement these ideas with efficiency and determination. They tend to be courageous and sometimes aggressive. As unique, creative individuals, they tend to resent authority, and are sometimes stubborn, proud, and impatient.

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Davis Family Crest and Name History

An excerpt from http://www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 – 2014

Davis

 

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Origins Available: French, Irish, Jewish, Welsh

 

Where did the Welsh Davis family come from? What is the Welsh Davis family crest and coat of arms? When did the Davis family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Davis family history?

The Welsh Davis surname is a patronymic, meaning son of David. Ultimately derived from the Hebrew name “David,” meaning “beloved,” the name became a popular given name throughout Medieval Europe due to the biblical king David of Israel. The popularity of the name was further increased in Britain due to it being the name of the Patron Saint of Wales. Little is known about Saint David, but he is thought to have been a 6th century monk and bishop. The name came to be used as a patronymic name by the Brythonic people of Wales. One of the most famous bearers of this personal name in Wales was David ap Gryffydd, the last Prince of North Wales, who was executed c. 1276 by King Edward I of England.

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More about the Davis History…

 

Please remember that this page is only a small extract of our complete history that includes:

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  • Ancient origin of the name (usually pre-1100)
  • Known spelling variations
  • Early movement of the family name during the Middle Ages
  • Noteworthy bearers from the 1500-1600s
  • First settlers to North America
  • Notable contemporary bearers of the name
  • A description and/or full color picture of the Coat of Arms, Crest, and Motto (where available)

Davis Early Origins

The Welsh have an extremely large amount of spelling variations of their native surnames to their credit. It was up to the priest or the scribe taking the official records to determine how the spoken name was to be made literal. As time progressed, the old Brythonic names of Wales were recorded in English, which was especially problematic since the English language had extreme difficulty recording the highly inflected sounds of Cymraeg. Spelling variations were, however, also carried out according to an individual’s design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by spelling variations of one’s name. The spelling variations of the name Davis have included Davies, Davis, Divis and others.

First found in Flintshire (Welsh: Sir y Fflint), a historic county, created after the defeat of the Welsh Kingdom of Gwynedd in 1284, and located in north-east Wales, where the Davis family held a family seat from very ancient times. They were descended from Cynrig Efell, Lord of Eglwysegle, the twin son of Madog ab Maredadd, the great grandson of Bleddyn ap Cynvin, Prince of Powys, head of the honorable and worthy third Royal Tribe of Wales, who was traitorously murdered in 1073 by the men of Ystrad Tywi, after he had governed all Wales for 13 years. Directly descended from this line was John ap Davydd (John Davies of Gwasanau in the county of Flint).

 

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Our PDF Extended History includes the early history!

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Davis Early History

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Davis research. Another 129 words(9 lines of text) covering the years 1550, 1605, 1605, 1675, 1667, 1675, 1680, 1688, 1680, 1625, 1693, 1692, 1715, 1667, 1739, 1690, 1719, 1718, 1719, 1600, 1672, 1633, 1687, 1646, 1689, 1670, 1716, 1667, 1739 and are included under the topic Early Davis History in all our PDF Extended History products.

 

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Our PDF Extended History includes the early notables!

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Davis Early Notables

Another 307 words(22 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Davis Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

 

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Our PDF Extended History includes the Life In Ireland!

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Davis In Ireland

Some of the Davis family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 389 words(28 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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This is a small excerpt from our full listing of settlers for the name Davis. Our PDF Extended History provide the complete listing from our dbase of over 500,000 settlers!

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The Great Migration

During the latter half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, the people of Wales journeyed to North America to find a new life. They made major contributions to the arts, industry and commerce of both Canada and the United States, and added a rich cultural heritage to their newly adopted societies. A look at the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Davis:

Davis Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Dolor Davis, who arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1634
  • Isbell Davis, aged 22, landed in Virginia in 1635
  • Dorothy Davis, who arrived in Virginia in 1636
  • Christopher Davis, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1636
  • Jenkin Davis, who landed in Lynn, Massachusetts in 1637

 

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Davis Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Faith Davis, who landed in Virginia in 1700
  • Johannah Davis, who landed in Virginia in 1702
  • Duke Davis, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Issabella Davis, who arrived in Virginia in 1705
  • Geo Davis, who landed in Virginia in 1714

 

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Davis Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Hugh Davis, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1802
  • William Davis, William Davis, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1803-1827
  • Wm Davis, who landed in America in 1805
  • James Davis, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1806
  • John Davis, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808

 

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Davis Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century

  • A M Davis, who arrived in Mississippi in 1906
  • Albert Henry Davis, who arrived in Colorado in 1907
  • Henry Vincent Davis, who arrived in Alabama in 1917

 

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We offer a large range of products for you to enjoy with your Coat of Arms. From the coffee cup in the kitchen to the frame in the living room.

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Contemporary Notables of the name Davis

 

  • Raymond “Ray” Davis Jr. (1914-2006), American scientist who has won many awards for his scientific work, most notably the 2002 Nobel Prize in physics for detecting solar neutrinos
  • Sammy George Davis Jr. (1925-1990), well-known and prolific American singer, dancer, and actor and the only black member of Frank Sinatra’s “Rat Pack.” In 2001, he was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Miles Dewey Davis III (1926-1991), American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer considered one of the most influential jazz musicians of the 20th century
  • Geena Davis (b. 1956), American actress, film producer, writer, former fashion model, and a women’s Olympics archery team semi-finalist
  • Edward “Lockjaw” Davis (1921-1986), American jazz tenor saxophonist
  • Calvin Davis (b. 1972), American athlete who won the bronze medal in the men’s 400 meter hurdles at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Joshua “Josh” Clark Davis (b. 1972), American swimmer who won multiple gold and silver Olympic medals at the 1996 and 2000 games
  • Dwight Filley Davis (1879-1945), 49th United States Secretary of War (1925-1929) and avid tennis enthusiast, eponym of the Davis Cup
  • Richard Harding Davis (1864-1916), American writer and journalist famous for his coverage of the Spanish-American War, the Second Boer War, and the First World War
  • Stuart Davis (1894-1964), early American modernist painter

 

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Another 13 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products.

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We have comprised a great deal of suggested readings that would be of interest to you and your family.

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Suggested Readings for the name Davis

 

  • From the Rhondda Valley to the Clinch River Valley and Beyond: A Genealogy of the Descendants of John Davies (also Daivis) by Billie Ruth McNamara.
  • Amos Williams Davis: Family History, Including His Ancestors and Descendants by Eunice Freese Payne.

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Learn all about the different symbols of your Coat of Arms with our deluxe symbolism. This product will explain the full meaning of you Coat of Arms including motto translations.

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Motto

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto. Motto: Heb Dhuw heb ddym, Dhuw a digon Motto Translation: Without God without anything, God is enough.
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Davis Family Crest Products

 

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Our PDF Coat of Arms + Extended History product is the whole package all in one. With a full color Coat of Arms along with a very detailed History, full symbolism, bibliography and settlers listed by the centuries.

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See Also

 

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References

 

  1. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  2. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  3. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  4. Evans, Gwynfor. Wales: A History: 2000 Years of Welsh History. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-120-2).
  5. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  6. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  7. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  8. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  9. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.

Davies, R. R. The Age of Conquest: Wales, 1063-1415. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Print

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“WOW” soooooooooo many “DAVIS” people where is my family?

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Davis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Davis may refer to:

Places[edit]

See also[edit]

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“WOW” “DAVIS name is alot of things! anyone help me Find my “ROOTS”

Davis

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Gender: M Meaning of Davis: “beloved” Origin of Davis: Surname derived from David, Hebrew Davis’s Popularity in 2013: #442

Popularity: 5% this week.

Davis is a fresh way to say David. Some sources define it as “son of David,” but we see it as a surname spin on the original. While David is an everyman name, Davis has some creative edge — and still gets you to the classic guy nickname Dave.

Davis can be a good way to name a boy after grandpa David; Davies, Davison, or Davidson will also do the trick.

In the TV show One Tree Hill, the Sophie Bush character gives one of her twins her maiden name of Davis. Davis Guggenheim is an Oscar-winning director and documentarian, married to Elisabeth Shue.

Did you know that 64% of Berries prefer David to Davis? What do you think?

Famous People Named Davis

Davis Drewiske, American hockey player
Pirate Howsmon Davis, son of band Korn’s frontman Jonathan Davis

Pop Culture References for the Name Davis

Davis, one of the main characters of Digimon Adventures 02
Davis, from TV show “Tru Calling” played by Zach Galifianakis
Davis Baker, son of Brooke Davis on the show One Tree Hill

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Davis political family/ but there is not me!!! Alvin Lester Davis Where am I ?????

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Davis political family

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Davis
Ethnicity Irish American Republic of IrelandUnited States

British American EnglandUnited States

Current region New England, United States
Place of origin Ireland, England
Notable members John Davis, John Davis, John Chandler Bancroft Davis, Horace Davis, John Davis Lodge, Charles Henry Davis.
Connected families Bancroft family, Lodge family, Cabot family

The Davis family is an Irish-American and British-American family, prominent in American politics and government. Their political involvement has revolved around the Whig Party, Federalist Party, and the Republican Party. Harvard and Yale educations have been frequent among them, and most had gone further on to Law School. Some were in clubs at these schools such as the Fox Club at Harvard and has one of the founding members of the Skull and Dagger secret society at Yale and Harvard.

John Davis: Massachusetts Governor, Senator, and Representative

The members include the jurist John Davis (1761–1847), who was a lawyer in Plymouth, Massachusetts, and a delegate from Plymouth to the Massachusetts state convention, called to consider adoption of the Federal Constitution. He was three times in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, and was a state senator of Plymouth County, Massachusetts. Davis was President George Washington’s Comptroller of the Treasury of the United States, and Washington then appointed him the United States Attorney for the district of Massachusetts. He was President John Adams’ appointed judge of the United States district court for the district of Massachusetts. His probable most noted achievement was his wise handling of the law in regards to commercial mercantile embarrassment of New England at the time of an embargo and the War of 1812 which instilled the community’s confidence in the law. He served as president of the Massachusetts Historical Society (1818–1835) and was said to be the first person to the Plymouth colonists as pilgrims in his old to an anniversary celebration in 1794. He was a Fellow of both the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a Fellow (1803), treasurer (1810) and member of the board of overseers (1827–1836).

A different John Davis (1787–1854) was Governor of Massachusetts, United States Senator of Massachusetts, and United States Representative of Massachusetts. Elizabeth Davis Bliss was John Davis’s sister who married George Bancroft (1800–1891), who was an American historian, statesman, and who as the U.S. Secretary of the Navy, he established the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, and was a U.S. Minister to Britain. His father was Aaron Bancroft (1755–1839) who was an American clergyman, pastor, minuteman, and president of the American Unitarian Association.

John Chandler Bancroft Davis

Admiral Charles Henry Davis

Then with Gov. Davis’ two sons, John Chandler Bancroft Davis (1822–1907), who was an American lawyer and diplomat, serving as the 7th, 9th, and 14th Assistant Secretary of State to the President. He was also the ninth reporter of decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court. His brother, Horace Davis (1831–1916) was a United States Representative from California, an American author, and president of the University of California, Berkeley.

Another great-great-grandson of Governor John Davis is John Davis Lodge (1903–1985), a Governor of Connecticut, an actor, and a U.S. Ambassador to Spain, Argentina and Switzerland. His brother, Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. (1902–1985) was a United States Senator from Massachusetts, a U.S. ambassador at large, to the United Nations, South Vietnam(twice), West Germany, and a candidate for Vice President of the United States.

Henry Cabot Lodge

These two brother’s uncle was Augustus Peabody Gardner (1865–1918), who was a United States Representative from Massachusetts, captain and assistant adjutant general on the staff of General James Wilson during the Spanish-American War, chairman of the Committee on Industrial Arts and Expositions in Congress, and he was colonel in the Adjutant General’s Department, and a United States Infantryman, with rank of major. Their grandfather was Henry Cabot Lodge (1850–1924) who was a United States Senator from Massachusetts, United States Representative of Massachusetts, President pro tempore of the United States Senate, historian, Dean of the United States Senate, Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, and 1st Senator majority leader. Their great-grandfather was Admiral Charles Henry Davis (1807–1877), he was the Superintendent of the United States Naval Observatory, and a board member of the Lighthouse Board and the Naval Observatory in his retirement. Their great-great grandfather was Elijah Hunt Mills (1776–1829) was a United States Senior Senator from Massachusetts, and United States Representative of Massachusetts. And their great-great-grandfather was George Cabot (1752–1823), was an American merchant, seaman, he was a United States Senator from Massachusetts, the Presiding Officer of the Hartford Convention, he was a member of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress in 1775, a delegate to the state constitutional convention in 1777, a delegate to the state convention that adopted the United States Constitution in 1787, he was elected (as “Pro-Administration”) to the United States Senate (1791–1796), and when he resigned he was appointed to but declined to be the first United States Secretary of the Navy in 1798.

Unrelated to the political careers in this family, John Davis Lodge and Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.‘s father was the famous American poet, George Cabot Lodge (1873–1909) who was married to Mathilda Elizabeth Frelinghuysen (Davis) Lodge. Henry Cabot Lodge‘s wife was Anna Cabot Mills Davis, whose maternal aunt was married to Benjamin Peirce (1809–1880), an American mathematician who taught at Harvard University for forty years, instrumental in the development of Harvard’s science curriculum, director of the U.S. Coast Survey, and made contributions to celestial mechanics, number theory, algebra, and the philosophy of mathematics. Benjamin’s son was Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914), chemist, logician, mathematician, physicist, and acknowledged as the founder of the pragmatic movement in philosophy.

Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.‘s son is George C. Lodge (1927–), who is currently the Jaime and Josefina Chua Tiampo Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus, at Harvard Business School. Lodge was a top official at the United States Department of Labor, and was a candidate for the United States Senate for Massachusetts, but lost to Edward Kennedy.

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MY mom’s family name was “WORKMAN” so do you know any?

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Researching the Workman Family Tree

(Research another surname)

Delve into the history of the Workman Family History using the links below. Some links are provide access to free information and other links are sponsored. We hope you find this information useful whilst you are unearthing your Workman Family History !

ukDid you know that in the 1881 UK census there were 1970 people with the Workman surname? In that year Workman was ranked number 1855 for popularity in the UK.

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Use Map My Ancestors to view the distribution of your Workman family tree once you have documented it with a Family History software package.

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Births, deaths and marriagesBirth, Death and Marriage Records for the Workman Family Tree

Study the huge Ancestry records Database for Births, Marriages and Deaths of the Workman family.

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Study the UK registered births, marriages and deaths of the Workman family using the FreeBMDdatabase.

Study Genealogy Bank for Workman family records.

Study the LDS Database for records of the Workman family.

Study the Surname Archive to discover more of the Workman family history.

Study Genealinks for Workman family links.

Research the Workman surname using Regimental archive Footnotes by viewing images of original Workman family history documents.

Explore World Vital Records for information on the Workman family.

ukDid you know that there are currently 2583 people with the Workman surname in the UK? Workman is now ranked number 2015 for popularity in the UK.

DatabasesWorkman Family History Databases

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Study Kindred Konnections for information on the Workman family and people looking to contact living Workman relations.

Study One Great Family for Workman records submitted by people who are already researching the Workman Genealogy .

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Research the Workman surname using Genealogy.com forums .

Search RootsWeb forums for Workman records.

USADid you know that there are currently 39497 people with the Workman surname in the USA? Workman is ranked number 144 for popularity in the USA.

Other databasesOther Workman Databases

Search the Ellis Island Database for information on the Workman family. This database contains over 25 million immigration records detailing passengers arriving in the United States of America.

Study Rootsweb resources for Workman records.

Research the Workman surname using the Genealogy Today database .

View countries of origin for people with the Workman surname.

ukView the distribution of the Workman surname in Britain using the public profiler Names database. The public profiler Names database contains distributions for the Workman surname in both 1881 and 1998. It also contains data on the ethnicity breakdown of the Workman surname.

USAView the distribution of the Workman surname in the USA using the GENS US Names database.

Australia


「workman」の共起表現一覧(2語左で並び替え)

該当件数 : 159

 

markable career, rising gradually from a mere workman in a factory at Doos near Nuremberg to the po
He was the son of a middle-class workman.
He has been disguised as a jobless workman, and even as an old woman while pursuing the
July 23, 1998: Acquired Widd Workman from the San Diego Padres for Jim Bruske
no employer shall have any action against his workman for goods supplied at any shop belonging to t
Alonzo F. Workman, candidate from Oregon
t Ohio State and an All American quarterback, Workman played briefly for the Boston Red Sox during
as later discovered that an over-enthusiastic workman had “mended” the bookcase before the broadcas
t is the burial place of the Ancient Egyptian workman Inherkhau, who was Foreman of the Lord of the
er on piano, Elvin Jones on drums, and Reggie Workman on bass (who is mixed very low on this album)
show him to have been a careful and ingenious workman.
n trombone, Cedar Walton on piano, and Reggie Workman on bass.
Jennifer R. Smith and Paul Workman.
tal Hill Bullies by Alan M. Gottlieb and Dave Workman
d guitarists Al Trazz (Plastic Idols) and Dan Workman To flesh out the initial sparse sound.
ew McNair (the custodian), the courier, and a workman in the chamber.
Jason Segel and Lyle Workman have written music for the film, which includ
Shanklin, Neil Vokes, Mark Wheatley, and John Workman.
Andrew Boyle Workman (September 20, 1868 – December 25, 1942) was
He began work as a workman and went into agriculture and then became a r
Kao began to serve as a workman in his teenage years.
an-era Roman Catholic missions, stayed at the Workman House and prepared sketches for a chapel cont
he historic Temple Mansion and gardens at the Workman and Temple Family Homestead Museum in City of
Following his baseball career, Workman played and coached in the NFL for the Clevela
“In the Beginning” (Geoff Workman, Nikki Sixx) – 1:13
nie Maupin, John Hicks, George Benson, Reggie Workman and Billy Higgins.
ten sharing starter duties with both Haywoode Workman and Mark Jackson, before rounding out the fin
Distraught and broke, William Workman shot himself in 1876.
he Marquess imported many of the builders and workman he had already used in South Wales.
She was built by Workman, Clark & Co Ltd, Belfast for Ellerman Lines L
She was built by Workman, Clark & Co Ltd, Belfast for Ellerman Lines L
to date, was discovered on 17 July 2003 by a workman on a flood defence scheme.
Milk is an album by Hawksley Workman, released in 2010.
ssing is a 1980 action film directed by Chuck Workman and distributed by Troma Entertainment.
In August 1912, a crowbar dropped by a workman working at the Old Court House, narrowly miss
was succeeded on Thursday, February 23 by Ted Workman and then later, Allan McEachern.
theridge (Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo), Jenny Workman (The the Ballet Theater Company), Bonnie Wyck
Charles Herbert Workman
ar II initially under the command of Col. J.E Workman of the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF).
In 1991 she signed a contract with Workman Publishing Co. to write a book on wine, while
vow to never play live, Webb and Craine added Workman to the line-up and began to gig.
The club’s logo depicts a workman leaning on a shovel.
tish colloquial use of “cowboy” to describe a workman of doubtful professionalism e.g. a “cowboy bu
er recovered from the financial disaster, and Workman committed suicide a year later.
A distinguished historian, Workman was Cole Lecturer at Vanderbilt University in
These include that Dr. Dillard Workman, who was Adams’ medical associate, was also R
01 by Berkeley and Stanford alumnus, Dr. Mike Workman, now CEO and Chairman of the company.
They played in the same game during the Workman Day Celebration, which was held on November 2
M. E. “Ted” Workman is a former Canadian Football League executiv
com Characters of All Time with editor Robert Workman saying “It was just impossible to choose betw
ed, professedly to advance the enterprises of Workman Clark in Belfast.
chard Hittleman’s Yoga: 28 Day Exercise Plan, Workman Publishing, 1969 (Bantam, 1983 ISBN 978-05532
In 1868 Temple with his father-in-law William Workman and Isaias W. Hellman formed the banking hous
GameDaily’s Robert Workman listed Kyle as one of his favourite Star Wars
Gasteracantha brevispina Workman & Workman, 1892
im Poyser, Laura McPhee, Lisa Gauthier, Chuck Workman, Rita Kohn, Terry Kirts, Colin Dullaghan, Pau
eans the streets, removes refuse, generally a workman (a modern-day garbage collector, janitor, or
ed exclusively as a private burial ground for Workman and Temple family members and friends and mas
s as guitarist Dominic Miller, guitarist Lyle Workman, and drummers Abe Laboriel Jr. and Josh Frees
ng plots, having previously worked with H. B. Workman on managing the school’s merger and decline.
Harry Hallworth “Hoge” Workman (September 25, 1899 – May 20, 1972) was a rel
Freddie Waits, Rufus Reid, Billy Hart, Reggie Workman and Latin music greats such as Celia Cruz, Ch
Cornell J. Wallace as Harvey / Workman
ny Braxton, Ray Anderson, Mark Helias, Reggie Workman, Michael Moore, Oliver Lake, Marilyn Crispell
Boulevard in Arlington (presently the home of Workman Junior High School).
Hosts Nanette Workman (credited as Nanette) and Tony Roman hosted t
in 1925 – to house politicians and even if a workman could afford the tariff he would not be allow
In 1969, Workman sold the team to the highly capable Sam Berge
il 27, 1880, Temple died and is buried in the Workman and Temple family El Campo Santo Cemetery.
llaborated with other artists including; Dion Workman, Taku Unami, Emma Hedditch, Margarida Garcia,
ship in 1911 at Belfast, Northern Ireland, by Workman, Clarke and Company.
ie Haden, Aladar Pege, Reggie Johnson, Reggie Workman, and Richard Davis.
Both Johnston and Workman supported segregation, so the campaign center
truction of the Cathedral of Saint Joseph the Workman, and established 47 churches, 43 convents, an
Joseph the Workman in La Crosse.
o return Mr Zakayev to Russia,” Judge Timothy Workman ruled.
fornia, when he “rescued Daniel W. Kloppen, a workman, from drowning.”
er 1879, Johnson rescued Daniel W. Kloppen, a workman, from drowning.
t after September 29 when Richard Lawrence, a workman, had last been inside the unlocked vault.
ersion was named Brain Quest, and licensed to Workman Publishing and sold 4.2 million copies in its
or elected Stephens as the first local Master Workman, the first District Master Workman, and the f
Jean Luisi as Workman
Humphrey, Billy Harper, Harold Mabern, Reggie Workman, Jymie Merritt and Freddie Waits.
Margaret Lee Workman, a Democrat, is the Chief Justice of the Supr
He married Catherine Workman Shirley Staley in September 1850.
Mayfield “Bull” Workman (born 1917) is a former American football coa
when a commission appointed by Mayor William Workman heard testimony that he and others had receiv
She narrowly defeated Greenville mayor Bill Workman, despite Campbell’s presence atop the ticket.
Railway, including Los Angeles mayor William Workman were again thinking of building a road to Sal
; and as staff counsel for County Mayor Nancy Workman.
mes Moody, Ahmad Jamal, Jymie Merritt, Reggie Workman, Fred Hopkins, Gloria Lynne, Dewey Redman, an
her Ventris, Hannah Esther Minutillo, Charles Workman; orchestra and chorus of the Opera National d
a studio album by Canadian musician Hawksley Workman released on 29 January 2008.
Prof. David Macdonald, Carl Nicholson, Roger Workman.
Krutch, My Darkest Days, Nickelback, Hawksley Workman and many Canadian bands, and even opened for
ibed nature as behaving like an artist, not a workman.
alt Lake County after the indictment of Nancy Workman.
Hoge was one of five Workman brothers to play football.
ntains a tablet, dedicated to the memory of a workman who fell from the roof and died during its co
Mobley, Duke Pearson, Doug Watkins or Reggie Workman, and Lex Humphries.
uchy moving man, truck driver, or blue-collar workman.
Philip Ray Workman (1 June 1953 – 9 May 2007) was a death row in
Council President Boyle Workman appointed him chairman of the Public Safety C
s said, he notified Council President William Workman, and he then worked with District Attorney As
n 1889 succeeding the first president, Thomas Workman.
y Julie Bell and Boris Vallejo is produced by Workman Publishing.
ing engineer Joshua Applebee and producer Dan Workman (Destiny’s Child, Southern Backtones, Culturc
orter of socialized health care proposals and Workman was able to win considerable support from the
After he retired from official public life, Workman devoted much of his time to collecting data o
Marriage and All the Rest to be published by Workman Publishing in Spring 2011.
Reginald “Reggie” Workman (born June 26, 1937 in Philadelphia, Pennsylv
was involved in an accident whilst rescuing a workman about to be crushed by a tree the latter was
Fearless Critic Seattle Restaurant Guide, Workman, 2010.
Fearless Critic San Antonio Restaurant Guide, Workman, 2011.
die MacKenzie, Duke McDonald, Art Rice, Cliff Workman, Norm Yellowlees.
Robert D. Workman published a novel method to calculate decompr
s Angeles federal district court, Rowland and Workman won two separate appeals, in 1856 and 1862, a
company law are such that despite the ruin of Workman, Clark & Co. Ltd.
world music greats as Bobby Sanabria, Reggie Workman, Chico Hamilton, and Junior Mance.
e Hoffsten, Foghat, Lee Aaron, Saxon, Nanette Workman, Smith, James Blood Ulmer, Livin’ Blues, Lloy
axophonist Dave Liebman US Saxophonist Reggie Workman US Bassist Pete La Roca US Drummer Peter Leit
rtly to compensate the former shareholders of Workman Clark, and partly to purchase the shares of o
Thus the superior gain of a specially gifted workman or specially skilled employer is in time assi
Guest artists included Steve Stanley, Lin Workman, and Martheus Wade.
key Hormel (Johnny Cash, Joe Strummer)”, Lyle Workman, (Bourgois Tagg, film composer for Superbad),
Badgerow was chosen as Supreme Master Workman of the Ancient Order of United Workmen in 188
sed, “Lazy Lovers”, written by Tams, Hawksley Workman, and Greg Johnston.
e state closed its doors for a time, Temple & Workman Bank went bankrupt due to mismanagement.
In 1876 the Temple and Workman Bank failed, and Temple, who had mortgaged Ra
iness, but the partnership between Temple and Workman continued as the Temple & Workman Bank in a d
our honored her at the opening of The Nanette Workman French (Francophone) House on the Mississippi
old, Stevenson was held liable to the injured workman because he constructed a scaffold that would
re presented to Mr Benjamin Lucraft, the only workman member of the first School Board for London,
pprentice, the expelled member, the non-union workman, the contractor and the employer, the materia
r of Anthony Braxton’s Quartet and the Reggie Workman Ensemble.
After the war, Workman returned to South Carolina to resume his jour
ter HMS M33 were sub-contracted to the nearby Workman Clark Limited shipyard.
that there was a need to protect the American workman, who was subject to competition from poorly p
In 1996, the Mayfield Workman Award was created, handed out annually to the
He also improved the State’s workman compensation program, encouraged a merit syst
, Sex, Coming Out, Marriage and All the Rest ( Workman, 2011)
Instead thereof, the Workman brought to light,
the early fifties who died in 1869; Thomas H. Workman, Banning’s chief clerk; Albert Sidney Johnsto
Bang, Ushio Torikai, Henry Threadgill, Reggie Workman, Diedre Murray, Leroy Jenkins, and Makanda Ke
Hancock later sold his share to William Workman.
; Grover Washington Jr. , Steve Turre, Reggie Workman, Cecil McBee, and Hamiet Bluiett; among many
bby Previte, Jim McNeely, McCoy Tyner, Reggie Workman, the Mingus Orchestra, Franz Koglmann, and ap
y Hart, Mino Cinelu, Nana Vasconcelos, Reggie Workman, William Parker, Louis Sclavis, John Wolf Bre
enate race between Olin D. Johnston and W. D. Workman, Jr.
Fair, Vogue Knitting, Weekly Reader, WGBH TV, Workman Publishing.
en parasitical- and the trade-shop, where the workman is bound to purely commercial and antiquated
ent Beaudry, Henry Dockweiler, and William H. Workman.
For the Mayor of Los Angeles, see William H. Workman.
d operation under the direction with Willie D Workman, sound designer, engineering pioneer, Workman
tte Coleman’s composition “Peace” with Reggie Workman and Howard McRae.
e opera by De Nederlandse Opera, with Charles Workman and Sarah Castle in the title roles and condu
on Earth”/”Little Drummer Boy” with Hawksley Workman
sitions, these 1983 trio sessions with Reggie Workman and Ed Blackwell find him mining current pop

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“SEE” I told you SOLAR “WORKS!!!! “READ the… story!!!

Z

Show Me Solar: Missouri’s Opportunity for Solar Power

 

What can solar power do for a single state? How about 21% of its energy, $14 billion in economic activity, and over 150,000 jobs. At a discount to existing electricity costs. Without subsidies.

That’s what solar power can do for Missouri, but the state’s utilities may be about to pull the plug on local solar power.

It started with a renewable energy standard, passed overwhelmingly in 2008, requiring the state’s utilities to get 15% of their electricity from renewable energy resources, and primarily from local sources. But attacks on the law started three years ago, when the Republican-controlled state legislature undermined the ‘buy local’ provision.

Fortunately, this didn’t stop local solar, helped along by a generous state rebate. Starting in 2011, the falling cost of solar panels led to a surge in installations. By the end of the year, the cumulative solar capacity (estimated at 120 megawatts) will have added $415 million to the state economy and nearly 4,000 jobs.

missouri installed solar capacity and forecast

But utilities abruptly pulled the plug on solar in 2013. In the middle of the legislative session where a rebate phase-out was being carefully crafted, and despite assurances that they were nowhere near the cost cap on the solar rebate program, the state’s utilities announced the programs were allegedly running out of money. No independent analysis has verified the utilities’ claims.

Advocates reached a settlement with the utilities late in 2013 to pay out the remaining rebate funds, but efforts to re-open the compromise on a reduced solar rebate were sabotaged by the same utilities late in the 2014 legislative session. Now a lawsuit may be the only hope to avoid a big drop on the “solar coaster” when rebate payments stop.

Two years from now, this “bust” cycle may be just a bad memory, however. Electricity prices have been rising by 5% per year over the past 5 years. The maturing solar industry has been relentlessly driving costs down, and even without the rebate, by 2016 residential and commercial solar installations will able to compete with utility-provided electricity prices using just the 30% federal tax credit.

The smart policy would have been a “glide path” away from state incentives, but it may be that utilities just wanted to buy a couple years respite from competition.

missouri solar growth with rebate phase out ilsr

For more information on Missouri’s solar challenge, see this presentation (below) given by ILSR’s Director of Democratic Energy
to the Missouri Solar Energy Industries Association on February 1, 2014, and this short report on the solar industry’s economic benefit to the Show Me state.

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Secrets, lies and Snowden’s email: why I was forced to shut down Lavabit!!!!! “WOW”

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My legal saga started last summer with a knock at the door, behind which stood two federal agents ready to to serve me with a court order requiring the installation of surveillance equipment on my company’s network.

My company, Lavabit, provided email services to 410,000 people – including Edward Snowden, according to news reports – and thrived by offering features specifically designed to protect the privacy and security of its customers. I had no choice but to consent to the installation of their device, which would hand the US government access to all of the messages – to and from all of my customers – as they travelled between their email accounts other providers on the Internet.

But that wasn’t enough. The federal agents then claimed that their court order required me to surrender my company’s private encryption keys, and I balked. What they said they needed were customer passwords – which were sent securely – so that they could access the plain-text versions of messages from customers using my company’s encrypted storage feature. (The government would later claim they only made this demand because of my “noncompliance”.)

Bothered by what the agents were saying, I informed them that I would first need to read the order they had just delivered – and then consult with an attorney. The feds seemed surprised by my hesitation.

What ensued was a flurry of legal proceedings that would last 38 days, ending not only my startup but also destroying, bit by bit, the very principle upon which I founded it – that we all have a right to personal privacy.

In the first two weeks, I was served legal papers a total of seven times and was in contact with the FBI every other day. (This was the period a prosecutor would later characterize as my “period of silence”.) It took a week for me to identify an attorney who could adequately represent me, given the complex technological and legal issues involved – and we were in contact for less than a day when agents served me with a summons ordering me to appear in a Virginia courtroom, over 1,000 miles from my home. Two days later, I was served the first subpoena for the encryption keys.

With such short notice, my first attorney was unable to appear alongside me in court. Because the whole case was under seal, I couldn’t even admit to anyone who wasn’t an attorney that I needed a lawyer, let alone why. In the days before my appearance, I would spend hours repeating the facts of the case to a dozen attorneys, as I sought someone else that was qualified to represent me. I also discovered that as a third party in a federal criminal indictment, I had no right to counsel. After all, only my property was in jeopardy – not my liberty. Finally, I was forced to choose between appearing alone or facing a bench warrant for my arrest.

In Virginia, the government replaced its encryption key subpoena with a search warrant and a new court date. I retained a small, local law firm before I went back to my home state, which was then forced to assemble a legal strategy and file briefs in just a few short days. The court barred them from consulting outside experts about either the statutes or the technology involved in the case. The court didn’t even deliver transcripts of my first appearance to my own lawyers for two months, and forced them to proceed without access to the information they needed.

Then, a federal judge entered an order of contempt against me – without even so much as a hearing.

But the judge created a loophole: without a hearing, I was never given the opportunity to object, let alone make any any substantive defense, to the contempt change. Without any objection (because I wasn’t allowed a hearing), the appellate court waived consideration of the substantive questions my case raised – and upheld the contempt charge, on the grounds that I hadn’t disputed it in court. Since the US supreme court traditionally declines to review decided on wholly procedural grounds, I will be permanently denied justice.

In the meantime, I had a hard decision to make. I had not devoted 10 years of my life to building Lavabit, only to become complicit in a plan which I felt would have involved the wholesale violation of my customers’ right to privacy. Thus with no alternative, the decision was obvious: I had to shut down my company.

The largest technological question we raised in our appeal (which the courts refused to consider) was what constitutes a “search”, i.e., whether law enforcement can demand the encryption keys of a business and use those keys to inspect the private communications of every customer, even when the court has only authorized them to access information belonging to specific targets.

The problem here is technological: until any communication has been decrypted and the contents parsed, it is currently impossible for a surveillance device to determine which network connections belong to any given suspect. The government argued that, since the “inspection” of the data was to be carried out by a machine, they were exempt from the normal search-and-seizure protections of the Fourth Amendment.

More importantly for my case, the prosecution also argued that my users had no expectation of privacy, even though the service I provided – encryption – is designed for users’ privacy.

If my experience serves any purpose, it is to illustrate what most already know: courts must not be allowed to consider matters of great importance under the shroud of secrecy, lest we find ourselves summarily deprived of meaningful due process. If we allow our government to continue operating in secret, it is only a matter of time before you or a loved one find yourself in a position like I did – standing in a secret courtroom, alone, and without any of the meaningful protections that were always supposed to be the people’s defense against an abuse of the state’s power.

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Yahoo adds more security to thwart surveillance!! (CAN YOU BELIEVE??) me too “NO”

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Yahoo has added more layers of security in its effort to shield people’s online lives from government spying and other snooping.

The measures announced Wednesday include the completion of a system that encrypts all information being transmitted from one Yahoo data center to another. The technology is designed to make the emails and other digital information flowing through data centers indecipherable to outsiders.

Search requests made from Yahoo’s home page are also now automatically encrypted, and the Sunnyvale, Calif., company is promising to make it more difficult for unauthorized intruders to hack into other services, including video chats, within the next few months. Yahoo strengthened the security of its email in January.

“Whether or not our users understand it, I feel it’s our responsibility to keep them safe,” Alex Stamos, Yahoo’s recently hired chief information of security, told a small group of reporters.

Stamos, a former security consultant, joined Yahoo Inc. less than a month ago as part of the company’s anti-snooping crusade.

Yahoo and other major technology companies such as Google Inc. and Microsoft Crop. have made online security a top priority during the last 10 months amid a series of revelations about U.S. government programs that have vacuumed up personal information about millions of Web surfers in an effort to thwart terrorism. The wide-ranging surveillance has been outlined in documents leaked to the media by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden.

The technology industry’s indignant response has been driven by financial self-interest as well as an aversion to government prying. Most Internet services make money from ads that could be more difficult to sell if spying fears cause their audiences to shrink.

Yahoo, which has more than 800 million worldwide users, vowed late last year to encrypt its data centers by March 31 after reports that the U.S. government had been secretly infiltrating the lines that transfer information overseas.

Yahoo still lags behind Google’s encryption efforts. In an interview Wednesday, Stamos said Yahoo hasn’t been able to move as fast as it wants because many of its services rely on content and ads provided by thousands of other companies, including some that aren’t convinced that they need to encrypt.

For that reason, Yahoo’s widely used news, sports and finance sections still aren’t automatically encrypted. Visitors to those services can trigger an encrypted service by typing in “https” before the website’s address. Yahoo is confident that it will be able to persuade its content and advertising partners to take the steps needed to enable automatic encryption of those services later this year.

“Some partners already understand this is the way the wind is blowing,” Stamos said. “We are moving to a world where all content is encrypted all the time.”

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Edward Snowden is a “HERO” the only one to tell the truth!!!!!

NSA leaker Edward Snowden asks Putin how Russia spies on Russians

MOSCOW – National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden asked Russian President Vladimir Putin Thursday whether his nation’s spy agencies sweep up data en-masse from Russian citizens, the way his former employer has done in the United States.

Russia granted Snowden asylum last year, and he still lives somewhere in the country. He was not in the Moscow television studio Thursday to ask the question in person, but recorded it earlier and sent it to the broadcaster online using “secured” technology, according to a Russian lawyer who has represented him.

Putin said that Russian special services do tap communications in their fight against terrorism, but don’t do it on such a massive scale as the U.S.

 

Russian President Vladimir Putin takes part in a live nationwide phone-in broadcast

Russian President Vladimir Putin takes part in a live nationwide phone-in broadcast, in Moscow, April 17, 2014.
Reuters

“We can talk as professionals,” Putin, a 16-year KGB veteran and the former chief of Russia’s main espionage agency, toldSnowden. “We have very strict rules about the use of special equipment and methods by the secret services listening into conversations, intercepting internet communications. It requires a court’s permission for us tomonitor individuals, so there is no mass monitoring and the law would notpermit it.” 

The Russian leader claimed his nation’s spy agencies “do not have the money to do so like the U.S. does.”

It was not the first time Putin suggested he was envious of the U.S. spy machine’s capabilities. He said in December 2013 that while the NSA program revealed by Snowden wasn’t “a cause for joy, it’s not a cause for repentance either” because it was necessary to fight terrorism.

He argued that it was necessary to monitor large numbers of people to expose terrorist contacts, but said “on a political level, it’s necessary to limit the appetite of special services with certain rules.”

Putin added that the efficiency of the effort — and its damage to privacy — was limited by the sheer inability to process such a huge amount of data.

In an off the cuff remark, Putin said he envied Mr. Obama for the U.S. spy program.

“How do I feel about Obama after Snowden’s revelations? I envy him, because he can get away with it,” said the Russian leader before going on to defend espionage in general as “one of the oldest professions in the world, just like some other well-known professions — we won’t mention them here.”

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House Passes Curbs on NSA Surveillance (Don’t you believe this)!!!!!! more lies!!!

House Passes Curbs on NSA Surveillance

 

The House on Thursday passed legislation to end the National Security Agency’s bulk collection of American phone records, the first legislative response to the disclosures by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden.

Although the compromise measure was significantly “watered down,” in the words of Democrat Jan Schakowsky of Illinois, it passed by a vote of 303 to 120, with 9 members not voting.

“We must not let the perfect be the enemy of the good,” Schakowsky, an intelligence committee member, said in summing up the feelings of many Republicans and Democrats who voted for the measure but wanted tougher provisions. Dropped from the bill was a requirement for an independent public advocate on the secret intelligence court that oversees the NSA.

The USA Freedom Act would codify a proposal made in January by President Barack Obama, who said he wanted to end the NSA’s practice of collecting the “to and from” records of nearly every American landline telephone call under a program that searched the data for connections to terrorist plots abroad.

The bill doesn’t ask the phone companies to hold records for any longer than they already do, which varies by carrier. The bill would give the NSA the authority to request certain records from the companies to search them in terrorism investigations in response to a judicial order. The phone program was revealed last year by Snowden, who used his job as a computer network administrator to remove tens of thousands of secret documents from an NSA facility in Hawaii.

The measure now heads to the Senate. Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., the chairwoman of the intelligence committee, has said she is willing to go along with a similar idea.

NSA officials were pleased with the bill because under the existing program, they did not have access to many mobile phone records. Under the new arrangement, they will, officials say.

“I believe this is a workable compromise that protects the core function of a counter terrorism program we know has saved lives around the world,” said Rep. Mike Rogers, R-Mich., the House Intelligence Committee chairman.

Privacy and civil liberties activists denounced the measure, saying it had been “gutted” to win agreement from lawmakers such as Rogers who supported the NSA phone records program.

“This legislation was designed to prohibit bulk collection, but has been made so weak that it fails to adequately protect against mass, untargeted collection of Americans’ private information,” Nuala O’Connor, president and CEO of the Center for Democracy and Technology, said in a statement.

Technology companies such as Google and Facebook also withdrew their support, saying they were concerned about language they fear could allow bulk collection of Internet data. Proponents say that concern is misplaced.

“Those who say this bill will legalize bulk collection are wrong,” said Rep. C. A. “Dutch” Ruppersberger, the ranking Democrat on the Intelligence Committee. “They are trying to scare you by making you think there are monsters under the bed.”

The White House endorsed the measure.

“The bill’s significant reforms would provide the public greater confidence in our programs and the checks and balances in the system,” the Office of Management and Budget said in a statement Wednesday.

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West African Ebola outbreak caused by new strain of disease: And spreading all over the World

67363-prism6(Reuters) – An Ebola outbreak blamed for 135 deaths in West Africa in the past month was not imported from Central Africa but caused by a new strain of the disease, a study in a U.S. medical journal said, raising the specter of further regional epidemics.

The spread of Ebola from a remote corner of Guinea to the capital and into neighboring Liberia, the first deadly outbreak reported in West Africa, has caused panic across a region struggling with weak healthcare systems and porous borders.

Ebola is endemic to Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, South Sudan and Gabon, and scientists initially believed that Central Africa’s Zaire strain of the virus was responsible for the outbreak.

Using analysis of blood samples from infected patients, however, researchers determined that while the Guinean form of the Ebola virus (EBOV) showed a 97 percent similarity to the Zaire strain, the disease was not introduced from Central Africa.

“This study demonstrates the emergence of a new EBOV strain in Guinea,” wrote the group of more than 30 doctors and scientists, who published their preliminary findings on the website of the New England Journal of Medicine.

There is no vaccine or cure for Ebola – a hemorrhagic fever with a fatality rate of up to 90 percent that causes symptoms ranging from flu-like pains to internal and external bleeding caused by kidney and liver failure. Its suspected origin is forest bats and it can be transmitted between humans by touching victims or through bodily fluids.

“It is possible that EBOV has circulated undetected in this region for some time. The emergence of the virus in Guinea highlights the risk of EBOV outbreaks in the whole West African subregion,” the report continued.

INDIGENOUS

Of the 197 clinical cases of Ebola declared in Guinea, 122 have died including several health workers, according to the World Health Organisation’s latest update, which cited Guinean health ministry figures. Sixteen of those died in the capital Conakry.

Guinea’s government had previously placed the death toll at 106. The health ministry said on Tuesday that the number of new cases had fallen rapidly and the outbreak was nearly under control.

A senior health ministry official told Reuters on Thursday the government planned to stop publicly releasing the death toll to avoid causing unnecessary panic.

Liberia’s health ministry has recorded at least 13 deaths from 26 confirmed and suspected cases of Ebola.

The WHO said earlier this month it would take two to four months to contain the outbreak, which it said had been one of the most challenging it had ever faced.

“What is clear to us from the study is that the virus wasn’t brought in from the outside, that it is indigenous,” said Tarik Jasarevic, a spokesman for the WHO, which was not involved in authoring the study.

“It means there were possibly outbreaks in the past that were just not detected,” he said.

Samples tested in Ghana and Sierra Leone have been negative so far. And the WHO tweeted on Thursday that the clinical samples of six suspected cases in Mali also tested negative for Ebola.

In an effort to contain the epidemic, countries in the region have imposed restrictions ranging from basic health checks at airports to Senegal’s decision to completely shut its land border with Guinea.

Gambia earlier this month banned Banjul-bound aircraft from picking up passengers in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.alvin-in-stripes.jpg

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“NEW” OUTBREAKS!!! “SARS” again but this time stronger!!!!

2 new diseases could both spark global outbreaks

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FILE – In this undated file image released by the British Health Protection Agency shows an electron microscope image of a coronavirus, part of a family of viruses that cause ailments including the common cold and SARS, which was first identified last year in the Middle East. Two respiratory viruses in different parts of the world have captured the attention of global health officials _ a novel coronavirus in the Middle East and a new bird flu spreading in China. Last week, the coronavirus related to SARS spread to France, where one patient who probably caught the disease in Dubai infected his hospital roommate. Officials are now trying to track down everyone who went on a tour group holiday to Dubai with the first patient as well as all contacts of the second patient. Since it was first spotted last year, the new coronavirus has infected 34 people, killing 18 of them. Nearly all had some connection to the Middle East. (AP Photo/Health Protection Agency, File)

 

 

LONDON (AP) — Two respiratory viruses in different parts of the world have captured the attention of global health officials — a novel coronavirus in the Middle East and a new bird flu spreading in China.

Last week, the coronavirus related to SARS spread to France, where one patient who probably caught the disease in Dubai infected his hospital roommate. Officials are now trying to track down everyone who went on a tour group holiday to Dubai with the first patient as well as all contacts of the second patient. Since it was first spotted last year, the new coronavirus has infected 34 people, killing 18 of them. Nearly all had some connection to the Middle East.

The World Health Organization, however, says there is no reason to think the virus is restricted to the Middle East and has advised health officials worldwide to closely monitor any unusual respiratory cases.

At the same time, a new bird flu strain, H7N9, has been infecting people in China since at least March, causing 32 deaths out of 131 known cases.

WHO, which is closely monitoring the viruses, says both have the potential to cause a pandemic — a global epidemic — if they evolve into a form easily spread between people. Here’s a crash course in what we know so far about them:

Q: How are humans getting infected by the new coronavirus?

A: Scientists don’t exactly know. There is some suggestion the disease is jumping directly from animals like camels or goats to humans, but officials are also considering other sources, like a common environmental exposure. The new coronavirus is most closely related to a bat virus, but it’s possible that bats are transmitting the disease via another source before humans catch it.

Q: Can the new coronavirus be spread from human to human?

A: In some circumstances, yes. There have been clusters of the disease in Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Britain and now France, where the virus has spread from person-to-person. Most of those infected were in very close contact, such as people taking care of a sick family member or health workers treating patients. There is no evidence the virus is spreading easily between people and all cases of human-to-human transmission have been limited so far.

Q: How are people catching the bird flu H7N9?

A: Some studies suggest the new bird flu is jumping directly to people from poultry at live bird markets. Cases have slowed down since Chinese authorities began shutting down such markets. But it’s unclear exactly what kind of exposure is needed for humans to catch the virus and very few animals have tested positive for it. Unlike the last bird flu strain to cause global concern, H5N1, the new strain doesn’t appear to make birds sick and may be spreading silently in poultry populations.

Q: What precautions can people take against these new viruses?

A: WHO is not advising people to avoid traveling to the Middle East or China but is urging people to practice good personal hygiene like regular hand-washing. “Until we know how and where humans are contracting these two diseases, we cannot control them,” said Gregory Hartl, WHO spokesman.

Q: Which virus should we be more worried about?

A: It’s impossible to know. “We really don’t want to play the game of predicting which virus will be more deadly than the other,” Hartl said. At the moment, both are worrisome since so little is known about how they are infecting humans and both appear to cause severe disease. “Any virus that has the ability to develop the capacity to spread from human to human is of great concern to WHO,” he said.

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“NOTBOOK PRICES” ??????

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HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

 

Get connected with this value-priced notebook. Complete business tasks with Intel technology,[3] essential multimedia tools, and Windows 8.1[5]……. more

Postage & Packaging: Free delivery
Availability : In stock
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HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

 

Get connected with this value-priced notebook. Complete business tasks with Intel technology,[3] essential multimedia tools, and Windows 8.1[5]……. more

Postage & Packaging: Free delivery
Availability : In stock
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HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

HP 250 G2 Notebook PC

 

Get connected with this value-priced notebook. Complete business tasks with Intel technology,[3] essential multimedia tools, and Windows 8.1[5]……. more

Postage & Packaging: Free delivery
Availability : In stock
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HP EliteBook 2170p Notebook PC

HP EliteBook 2170p Notebook PC

HP EliteBook 2170p Notebook PC

 

HP?s Ultimate Travel Companion. Optimized for Windows 8 Pro, HP’s smallest, light-weight EliteBook offers an 29,4 cm (11.6”) diagonal HD[1] display, business…… more

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HP ProBook 6570b Notebook PC

HP ProBook 6570b Notebook PC

HP ProBook 6570b Notebook PC

 

Tailored for business. Optimized for Windows 7 Professional, this configurable notebook features a 39,6 cm (15.6”) diagonal display and UMA or discrete…… more

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MEDION AKOYA P6647 Laptop (MD98571)

MEDION AKOYA P6647 Laptop (MD98571)

MEDION AKOYA P6647 Laptop (MD98571)

 

Intel Core i5-4200M processor, Windows 8.1, 1,000 GB HDD, 8 GB RAM, NVIDIA GeForce GT 825M, Blu-ray, matte Full HD display

Intel Core i5 Laptops

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MEDION AKOYA S6611T Laptop (MD98547)

MEDION AKOYA S6611T Laptop (MD98547)

MEDION AKOYA S6611T Laptop (MD98547)

 

Intel Core i3-4010U processor, Windows 8.1, 500 GB hybrid hard drive including 3 MB cache, 8 GB RAM,15.6″ multitouch HD display

Intel Core i3 Laptops

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Lenovo G580 Laptop (MAA9MUK)

Lenovo G580 Laptop (MAA9MUK)

Lenovo G580 Laptop (MAA9MUK)

 

Intel B380 processor, Windows 8, 1,000 GB hard disk, 6 GB RAM, 15.6″ display

Everyday Laptops

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Medion AKOYA E6239T Laptop (MD98552)

Medion AKOYA E6239T Laptop (MD98552)

Medion AKOYA E6239T Laptop (MD98552)

 

Intel Celeron processor N2910, Windows 8.1, 500 GB HDD (8 GB flash memory), 8 GB RAM, 39.6 cm/15.6″ multitouch HD display

Everyday Laptops

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MEDION AKOYA P7627 Laptop (MD98463)

MEDION AKOYA P7627 Laptop (MD98463)

MEDION AKOYA P7627 Laptop (MD98463)

 

Intel Core i3-3120M processor, Windows 8, 1,000 GB hard drive, 4 GB memory, 43.9 cm/17.3″ matte HD display

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MEDION AKOYA S6211T Laptop (MD98453)

MEDION AKOYA S6211T Laptop (MD98453)

MEDION AKOYA S6211T Laptop (MD98453)

 

Intel Core i3-4010U processor, Windows 8, 500 GB hybrid HDD incl. cache, 4 GB RAM, Dolby Home Theater v4, 15.6″ multitouch HD display

Touchscreen Laptops

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MEDION AKOYA P7631 Laptop (MD98579)

MEDION AKOYA P7631 Laptop (MD98579)

MEDION AKOYA P7631 Laptop (MD98579)

 

Intel Core i3-4000M processor, Windows 8.1, 1TB HDD, 8GB RAM memory,17.3″ matt HD display

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MEDION AKOYA E6239 Laptop (MD98563)

MEDION AKOYA E6239 Laptop (MD98563)

MEDION AKOYA E6239 Laptop (MD98563)

 

Intel Pentium processor N3510, Windows 8.1, 1 TB hybrid hard drive (incl. 8 GB flash memory), 4 GB RAM, matt 39.6 cm/15.6″ HD display

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Lenovo G580 Laptop (MAANJUK) (B-stock)

Lenovo G580 Laptop (MAANJUK) (B-stock)

Lenovo G580 Laptop (MAANJUK) (B-stock)

 

Intel Celeron, B830 dual core processor, Windows 8, 1TB HDD, 6GB memory, 15.6″ Display

Everyday Laptops

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MEDION AKOYA S6211T Laptop (MD98454)

MEDION AKOYA S6211T Laptop (MD98454)

MEDION AKOYA S6211T Laptop (MD98454)

 

Intel Core i5-4200U processor, Windows 8, 500 GB hybrid HDD incl. cache, 8GB RAM, Dolby Home Theater v4, 15.6″ multitouch HD display

Touchscreen Laptops

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MEDION AKOYA P7631 Laptop (MD98581)

MEDION AKOYA P7631 Laptop (MD98581)

MEDION AKOYA P7631 Laptop (MD98581)

 

Intel Core i5-4200M processor, Windows 8.1, 1TB HDD with 8 GB flash memory, 6 GB RAM, matt 17.3″ HD display

High Performance Laptops

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MEDION AKOYA E6237 Laptop (MD98476)

MEDION AKOYA E6237 Laptop (MD98476)

MEDION AKOYA E6237 Laptop (MD98476)

 

Intel Core i3-3120M processor, Windows 8, 1TB hard drive, 4 GB memory, Dolby Advanced Audio v2, 15.6″ matte HD display

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MEDION ERAZER X7611 Laptop (MD98541)

MEDION ERAZER X7611 Laptop (MD98541)

MEDION ERAZER X7611 Laptop (MD98541)

 

Intel Core i7-4700HQ processor, Windows 8.1, NVIDIA GeForce GTX 765M graphics, 1 TB HDD, 64 GB SSD, 16 GB RAM, 17.3″ matte HD display

Gaming Laptops

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MEDION ERAZER X7819 Laptop (MD98316)

MEDION ERAZER X7819 Laptop (MD98316)

MEDION ERAZER X7819 Laptop (MD98316)

 

Intel Core i7-3630QM processor, Windows 8, NVIDIA GeForce GTX 670MX graphics, 750 GB HDD, 16 GB memory, 43.9 cm/17.3″ matt full HD display

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MEDION ERAZER X7819 Laptop (MD98392)

MEDION ERAZER X7819 Laptop (MD98392)

MEDION ERAZER X7819 Laptop (MD98392)

 

Intel Core i7-3630QM processor, Windows 8, NVIDIA GeForce GTX 670MX graphics, 750 GB HDD, 8 GB memory, 43.9 cm/17.3″ matte full HD display

Gaming Laptops

Postage & Packaging: £6.95
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Can an iPad Replace a Laptop? (2014 edition) “WELL”?? “YES” or “NO”????

Can an iPad Replace a Laptop? (2014 edition)

It’s easy to forget now, but when the first iPad was announced in early 2010, there was much uncertaintly surrounding Apple’s new product. One of the big questions was whether it served as a laptop replacement.

I have an iPhone, and I have a laptop – why do I need something in between?

Now that we’ve all had well over a year with the iPad (and a growing pool of other tablets), it’s time to revisit this. Has anything changed?

One thing we know is that it didn’t take long for consumers to warm up to the idea of owning a tablet. Apple sold 14.8 million of them in 2010, and is targeting 40 million iPads sold in 2011. Customers have obviously found uses.

Casual Use

We know that tablets are great for casual computing tasks. Simple functions that are mildly enjoyable on a notebook or PC become comfortable and personal on a tablet.

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Scanning news feeds, browsing the web, emailing, reading an eBook, connecting on Facebook, tweeting… for these casual tasks, there’s nothing quite like kicking back on the couch with iPad in hand.

 

The iPad is also quickly becoming a viable gaming console. While not everyone likes controlling a console-style game with HUD touchscreen controls, people are getting used to it. Standout titles like Infinity Blade, 9mm (and the other ten billion Gameloft console clones), and Dead Space are showing that the iPad can do a lot more than play casual classics like Angry Birds and Plants vs. Zombies.

So at this point, what reasons do you have to own a laptop in addition to (or instead of) a tablet?

When the iPad launched, the saying went that “it’s for content consumption,” and that PC’s and notebooks were for “content creation.” As many strides as the iPad has made, our examination found that the future hasn’t arrived as quickly as some thought it would.

Professional Use

While simple content creation is becoming increasingly possible on the iPad, the same can’t be said for advanced creation.

Sure, you hear the occasional story of an artist creating their latest track entirely on an iPad. Music videos have been shot on iPhones and edited on iPads. But those are just headline bait – and far from the norm at this point.

Writers

For writers, a tablet simply will not do.

Sure, you can use a bluetooth keyboard with the iPad to type more easily, but where are you typing? If you can afford to do all of your writing in the iWork Pages app, then perhaps the iPad could work. But once you add a second accessory to the mix, wouldn’t a laptop be easier?

For bloggers (or other writers who use a web-based portal for submitting work), sites like WordPress aren’t optimized when opened on a tablet. A great iOS app called Blogsy duplicates much of the full WordPress functionality, but it’s still no substitute for direct input on the full website. The iPad, at this point, is nothing more than a novel backup tool for most pro writers.

 

Graphic Artists/Designers

When it comes to professional-level photo editing, a high-end notebook is a Harvard graduate, and the iPad is a first-grader. A touch-screen interface has the potential to (one day) deliver advanced photo editing and graphic design with a level of personal connection that desktops and laptops can’t achieve. But that’s still far off in the future.

Probably the most advanced photo-tweaking app on iOS, Photoforge 2, doesn’t even remotely hold a candle to Photoshop Elements (which itself is a watered-down consumer version of professional Photoshop). While the app adds support for “layers,” this is a far cry from the intuitive handling of layers that Photoshop users are accustomed to. Being able to select portions of a photo is essential when dealing with layers, and this app makes it awkward and cumbersome. It’s a promising start, but not anything any professional (in his right mind) would even consider using.

Filmmakers/Video Editors

The iPad fares much better for video editing than it does for photo editing, as the excellent iOS port of iMovie is more intuitive than most PC video editing programs. But when you’re talking about advanced editing, there’s still no replacement for a good laptop (particularly a MacBook with Final Cut Pro 7 installed).

 

Aside from a watered-down feature set, probably the biggest obstacle to pro video editing on the iPad is the importing of video content. If any professional tried to take video with the iPad 2′s camera, he should be sent to Bellevue. Sure, you can sync media via a camera connection kit, but not all cameras are compatible.

Musicians/Sound Engineers

Garage Band for iPad is a great addition, but – again – it’s miles away from replacing expensive professional-level apps like Pro Tools, Cubease, or Apple’s Logic Studio. It’s arguable whether it can replace Garage Band on a MacBook for casual users, but it doesn’t come close to working for more high-end musical needs.

Other Professionals

If you remove niche creative professionals from the equation, the areas that you’re left with are where the iPad is rapidly making a splash. Many pros can, believe it or not, possibly find a tablet to be more advantageous than a laptop.

Office employees who need to roam from department-to-department while performing various tasks could find a tablet to fit the bill. This area has the potential to really blow up in the next few years as mid-grade tablet prices come down, and specific software for these needs becomes more prevalent.

Medical professionals could also find tablets to be a big plus. Nurses can use an iPad to check in a patient and log preliminary tests. Doctors could check patient records and examine X-rays using slates.

 

Retail or customer service agents, delivery people, and real estate agents… these are all examples of other fields that can potentially use a tablet’s portability and touchscreen interface over a full notebook.

These fields have the most potential for professional tablet use, but even they are slow to make the transition.

Tablets’ Biggest Limits

Storage space is one of the biggest current limitations of tablets. If we’re talking about iPads, you’re looking at 64GB tops. This could work for casual users, but for more advanced needs it’s out of the question. Some people would run out of space in a few days, using it as their primary device.

The lack of a physical keyboard can create problems for various activities. Bluetooth keyboards and a variety of other creative accessories and add-ons can be used, but when carrying a second piece of hardware becomes necessary to get full functionality, how advantageous is it to have a tablet?

Additionally, only certain video formats are going to be supported on an iPad. If dealing with a variety of video formats is something you do (professionally or personally) – you can’t just sit back and hope that it will be in a format supported by your tablet. You need a notebook.

Software compatibility is another huge thorn in the side of tablets. After hearing “there’s an app for that” so many times, it’s easy to forget that most of those apps are relatively simple, and meant for casual activities.

Can it Replace My Laptop?

 

Whether you can replace your laptop with an iPad is going to depend on what your needs are. In early 2010, casual computer users could arguably replace a laptop with an iPad. Now it’s a no-brainer. When it comes to content consumption, a tablet is lighter, more portable, more comfortable, and more personal.

If part of your life involves creating professional-level content, tablets still have a long way to go before becoming your primary device. They don’t qualify now, and they won’t next year. Customers aren’t used to spending more than $10 for most tablet apps, so those consumer expectations could slow the march in this direction too.

The answer, therefore, hasn’t changed too much in a year. Tablets are moving in a “primary computing” direction, but they aren’t exactly sprinting. Maybe we’ll check back next year to see if the “tablets are for content consumption, notebooks are for content creation” cliche has changed. Right now it’s as true as ever.

Have any of you traded in your laptop and gone the “all tablet” route? If so, have you run into any roadblocks, or is it smooth sailing? Do let us know down below.

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Vietnam and Philippines agree to oppose “CHINA” “WOW” but there still getting the money from “CHINA” how can you bit the hand that feeds “YOU”

Vietnam and Philippines agree to oppose China

MANILA, Philippines (AP) — Vietnam and the Philippines will jointly oppose “illegal” Chinese actions in the South China Sea, …